Self-defense Techniques and Tips for Senior Citizens

Seniors are prone to be exposed to criminal and life-threatening situations because of vulnerable position. Women should equip themselves with the skills to protect themselves from physical and mental agony. However, there are self-defense techniques even for the senior citizens and we have listed out few techniques to help them in protecting themselves against these attacks.

Self-defense techniques and tips for senior citizens
security services INUse the things that you have handy: Old people can use whatever things available at the hand as weapons in getting self-protection. For example, you can use your walking stick as a good weapon to harm the attacker. However, make sure that you do not get injured because of using your walking stick to harm the attacker. Do whatever is possible up to your extent.

Carry a personal alarm: A personal alarm is one of the effective tools in making a loud alarm. Once the safety pin is removed from the alarm, it makes a loud sound so that you can get help from others and chances of attacker running away from the place without harming you is more because, he/she will be feared of the people coming towards the sound. Therefore, it is recommended that seniors should use this personal alarm wherever they go.

Use pepper sprays: Pepper spray is also one of the powerful weapons that old people can use to make the attacker unconscious. As most old people cannot fight, it is better to carry this pepper spray along with them and use it at the right time i.e., if you are in danger. It is hand available tool, which you can easily carry it and spray it on the attacker when necessary.

Utilize stun guns: There are many advantages of stun guns and it is an effective tool in self-defense. Using stun guns is somewhat complicated for the new users, but if you know its usage before applying it on the attacker, it will be safer. This is a non-lethal alternative to the other weapons and any one can use it. Using this on the attacker generates high voltage through which it disables him/her and prevents them from attacking. These kinds of tools are good for seniors.

Use your previous experiences if any: The fact is that old people are physically weak. However, some people will have previous experiences on martial arts or have strong fighting skills and these people looks stronger even in their old age. Therefore, such people can use their experiences in harming the attacker.

Hope older citizens get self-defense with this powerful self-defense techniques and tips to protect themselves against the attack.
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Security Consulting Tips for Security in Workplace

security company IndianapolisWorkplace security and safety is very important for an organization. Some people work in night shifts and women who work beyond the working hours also are in need of security. Workplace security has many aspects to be considered. But here we discuss personal security in workplace. So, here are some security tips that will help you in protecting yourself when you are working alone.

Tips for security in workplace:
The tips are for both staff or the workers and from the company authorities perspective

  • If you are a worker then at first know the risk that is going to happen. If it is from outsider of the company then ask the help of your coworker to help you by some sort of signals without knowing to attacker. He/she may help you by contacting police, security etc.
  • Talk to the person slowly and attentively without making him anger. If he has weapon in his hand to attack you then you wait for the correct time and don’t try to act aggressively that may cause harm to you or the other person.
  • Stay calm until the help comes and talk to attacker till then without making him to attack.
  • If your coworker or superior is harassing you try to intimate it to your company authorities as soon as possible after identifying it correctly.
  • Their are also some other risks that may happen in your work place theft of your files and office related information by a stranger or your colleague. When this risk happens intimate to superiors as soon as possible otherwise it will be your mistake.

Superiors security for the workers:
As a superior of the company it is your responsibility to provide security for your workers. Below are some ways through which you can give security for your staff.

  • At first you must identify the risk by asking your employees, security personnel etc.
  • Where ever necessary put security cameras.
  • Make your staff comfortable in placing them in a secured and friendly environment.
  • If there are restricted areas where employers or the strangers should not go then put security guards or cameras to avoid the risk.
  • If your staff is in night shifts try to provide as much as circuity you can. Provide them facilities like transportation, keeping some security alarms to identify the risk, keeping the doors locked.
  • If you receive a complaint regarding coworkers harassment then take immediate actions to avoid risk.

This makes your staff feel comfort work effectively. A healthy and secured environment in company makes helps it reach to the next level.
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Reasons to Buy Medical Equipment from An Online Store

Test lungsIf you are planning to buy medical equipment, you might be searching for an appropriate place to buy. There are, however, many options to purchase a medical equipment from manufacturers, supplier, distributor or you may buy it online. Buying them online is a good option because not only does it save your time and effort, but also you can also find a huge collection of medical equipment.

Some of the reasons to buy medical equipment from an online store are:

Wide range of products
In comparison to a physical store with a limited array of products, online stores have a wide variety of products to choose from. Online medical stores have a comprehensive range of medical equipment to cater to the needs of patients as well as doctors.

Shopping online for medical equipment allows you to find many products that you will not be able to find in a physical store. You can find various types of medical equipment at these online stores, including blood pressure monitors, medical equipment stands, ventilators, oxygen monitoring, stethoscope and many more.

Convenience
Shopping online is convenient and quick. You don’t need to get dressed and make frequent trips to your local medical supplies stores, you can make a purchase at any time, you don’t need to wait for the medical store to open.

An online store helps you make a purchase at any time, while sitting in the comfort of your home, clinic or hospital. The supplier will ship your order and you will receive your medical equipment right at your doorstep.

Cost-effective
When compared to brick and mortar stores, online medial supplies stores offer reasonable and affordable rates. And if you are ordering equipment in bulk, you will get a good discount. Some suppliers also offer free shipping and even free return shipping. Moreover, most online stores ensure safe and secure financial transactions.

There are additional expenses when you shop from a physical store. For example, if you are traveling in a car, you will have to pay for gasoline and for parking. You can avoid these expenses by shopping online.

Comparison of prices
Online shopping allows you to compare prices for products offered by other online suppliers and regular brick and mortar store. You can do your own research when buying online and compare products from various brands and then make an informed decision.

In short, online medical equipment store provides significant advantages over traditional brick and mortar, it not only saves your time, but also your money and brings the best deal for you. Therefore, online purchase is comparatively better and is a perfect choice.
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FLSA – What Does It Regulate and What Not?

FLSA is a “Fair Labor Standards Act” and is also known as federal wage and hour law. Its main aim is to protect the rights of the workers. Here, the FLSA exempts some employees and nonexempt’s some employees from various regulations. Previously this is applicable for the employees working in the private sector but, now it is also applicable for the public sector employees. To know what FLSA regulates and what not, see the below information.

FLSA regulates

  • Minimum wage: The minimum wage under FLSA varies based on state and federal laws. It doesn’t replace any state laws that are favorable to the employees.
  • Overtime: The term overtime is defined in FLSA, it is the time over the threshold limit of working and usually it is 40 hours per week and it may differ for some medical or government jobs.
  • Child labor: Under FLSA child labor provisions are designed for protecting the educational opportunities of the youth and this laws will restrict them for the employment in some jobs that are hazardous to their health and safety.
  • Record keeping: Here, the FLSA requires employers that are covered under it to keep all the records on wages, hours and other items. It doesn’t require any kind of form but just some information which is accurate about the employee, worked hours and wages. Under record keeping there are specific records that are to be kept and they vary in various states and countries.

Under FLSA, there are exempt and non exempt employees. The nonexempt employees are covered by FLSA minimum wage and over time provisions whereas, exempt employees of white collar jobs are not covered with minimum wage and overtime, if they meet certain standards.

FLSA doesn’t regulates
FLSA doesn’t regulate various employment practices such as:

  • Payment on vacation, holiday, severance or sick
  • Premium pay for the people working on holidays or weekend
  • Rest period or meal hours, vacations or holidays
  • Fringe benefits or raising the payment
  • Compensation for unemployment
  • Pay stubs or “W-2”s
  • A discharge notice, reason for discharge or providing immediate payment for the employees terminated, etc.

These are some of the things that FLSA regulates and doesn’t regulates. As said the main aim of this act is to give the fair wages to the employees and it also eliminates the labor conditions that are leading to low standards of living. This act is very helpful for the employees. So, every business owner and employee must know the FLSA laws.
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Why to Choose Digital Printing for Packaging?

Today, the demand for digital printing is rising in packaging. This has made businesses focus on improving the value of the packaging by better quality and branding using color digital printing technology. Businesses choose digital printing technology because most packaging requires low volumes and packaging keeps on changing. There are thus multiple major benefits that make businesses use digital printing in packaging. We’ll discuss them here briefly.

Reduces supply chain cycle time
Before the advent of digital printing, conventional methods used to take nearly weeks for printing – from order placement to the release of the printed material or final material. However, digital printing has overcome all these challenges. It has reduced 50% of lead time over the offset printing. Digital printing will just take 5 to 10 days to complete the entire process from collecting materials to the final execution of the print. Thus, it helps lessen the supply chain cycle time.

More vibrant colors
The ease of the digital printing in making more vibrant colors along with the consistency has made marketers use this printing technology, as it helps them to use more realistic images than the traditional methods. Therefore, digital printing has become an ideal solution for packaging in industries like beverages, pharmaceuticals, foods and other durable and non-durable goods, etc.

Package versioning
Now-a-days packaging industries are focusing on the changes in the package versioning for various types of targeted consumers based on the age, gender, geographic location, etc. Therefore, it requires frequently changing the package versions, private labeling to target their audience. For the quality of easy and fast customization and fast turnout, packaging and marketers find digital printing an ideal option.

Brand owners are also focusing on online sales for which they require attractive packaging designs and digital printing is ideal for this continuously changing online world. This printing technology helps in maintaining the uniqueness in a brand, which differentiates it from others within the competitive market.

More sustainable and environmental friendly than conventional methods
Today, digital printing uses more sustainable materials such as mineral oil for printing by which it yields superior results than the conventional methods. Along with this, it also reduces the wastage of materials like ink and other support materials and printing plates which in-turn reduces the cost of printing. This overall reduces time consumed in printing and enhances the the efficiency of supply chain.

Further, digital printing uses inks with mineral oil as the prime ingredient, and it is approved for indirect contact with food.

These benefits makes digital printing makes advantageous for packaging industries over conventional methods.
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Why You should Prevent Website Blacklisting

Website hacking makes your sites get blacklisted. This is because of landing the website on unsafe register were it gets malicious code injected in the site by the hackers. This is the major problem, most of the sites are facing today. This affects your business badly and the website doesn’t get indexed in search engines, which in turn affects your business. The common reasons for hacking are listed out below see to it and follow the tips for preventing your website from being blacklisted.

website monitorReasons for the website being hacked
Compromising in many ways leads to the hacking and blacklisting of a website and some of the common reasons are:

  • Passwords that you are using for your website are of poor choice
  • Vulnerabilities in the web-applications
  • Vulnerabilities in the server level
  • Having insecure FTP connections
  • Using third party add-on

Therefore, in-order to avoid this you need to follow few ways through which you can avoid website from being blacklisted. See the below listed ways and secure your website from blacklisting.

Vancouver web hostingSetup strong passwords: Usually hackers attack the mail servers and they can easily identify the password through the list of commonly used words. To avoid this vulnerability, users should use very strong passwords by combining the letters, numbers, symbols, etc. And also scan your local PC, network or workstations with good anti-virus software that is updated.

Secured FTP connection: For secured FTP connection you need to change the connection to any of the solutions SCP/ssh/SFTP.

Have SMTP authentication: The users should use the SMTP authentication to check for the spoofed emails which is a real problem for the website and enable the sender match authentication. This will reduce the senders spoofing mail accounts.

Check for vulnerabilities: Continuously check for the vulnerabilities in the website like malware, virus and try to avoid them with good anti-virus which shows the updated information regarding the threats. This avoids vulnerabilities in web-applications and also at the server level.

Check for the plug-in: Check if you are using third party plug-ins to your website. This may bring some vulnerabilities into your site. So, see to it that you use only reputed add-ons or plug-ins in your site and update them regularly.

Apart from all the above, having a reputed website monitoring service for your site will make your website to prevent from blacklisting due to hacking and protects your business reputation. Hiring a good website monitoring services will perform regular monitoring along with uptime and downtime monitoring of a website.
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Surgical Treatment for Jaw Disorders

Normally jaw is made up of a set of bones. It consist of two parts, upper portion of the jaw is maxilla and is immovable and lower portion of the jaw is mandible which is involved in the movement of jaw.

Jaw disorder is the condition in which abnormalities in the jaw position takes place. Minor abnormalities in the jaw can be treated by wearing dental braces and some other appliances. If the abnormalities in the jaw cannot be treated with dental braces, then it can be treated by performing surgeries.

Corrective jaw surgery
Corrective jaw surgery is performed to correct the abnormalities in jaw. It is performed to correct the deformities in the upper or lower jaw or both the jaws. It improves the appearance of face and also improves the chewing and talking ability.

Corrective jaw surgery is performed on candidates who are:

  • Experiencing difficulty in chewing or talking
  • Deformities in temporomandibular joint
  • Prognathism and malocclusion
  • Breathing through mouth
  • Receding lower jaw and chin

Surgery can be performed on candidates whose jaw bone has fully developed and there is no growth in the jaw. Surgical procedure involves following steps:

  • Pre operative treatment: In this step, orthodontist takes x-rays to examine the jaw and align your teeth using dental braces. These braces should be fitted to your teeth for several weeks before surgery. This will gradually push your teeth to their normal position.
  • Surgical procedure: Surgical procedure starts initially by giving general anesthesia.
  • Lower jaw surgery: In this surgery an incision is made inside the mouth to expose the joint potion of the jaw connecting to the front portion that supports teeth. Then deformities are corrected and repositioned the lower jaw to their normal position. Small surgical plate and screws are used to hold the jaw in their normal position.
  • Upper jaw surgery: In this surgery, an incision is made inside the mouth to separate the tooth baring portion of the jaw from its base. Corrections are made by removing or reshaping or adding of jaw tissue to relocate in the normal position. Then tiny surgical plate and screws are used to hold the jaw in new position.
  • Post operative treatment: Recovery time is 4-6 weeks. After completion of surgery, retainers are applied to the jaw to prevent the repositioning of jaw. Orthodontist suggest you to take liquids or soft consistency foods for some weeks.

Side effects of surgery

  • Pain and discomfort after surgery
  • Swelling of face but can decrease gradually
  • Stiffness of jaw – It is due to the swelling of jaw but can be reduced with time

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Overheating of a Car Engine and Radiators

Fuel pumpThe power and torque is produced in an engine through upward and downward piston action and the reciprocating motion of the connected rod and the crankshaft. Whenever continuous movement between machine parts happen, friction comes into picture. Friction due to rubbing of surfaces with each other like piston rubbing against the cylinder and the connecting rod and crankshaft generates heat in the machine components. Certain amount of heat is generated by the ignition of fuel in the cylinder.

Consequences of engine heating
The heat generated depreciates the economy of the fuel as a part of the energy generated by ignition of fuel is getting wasted in the form of heat due to friction and more effort has to be put to overcome the friction. A high engine temperature can reduce the life of the engine due to the fact that heat disorients the grain structure of the material and leads to deformation and wear and tear of the machine. This increases the maintenance cost and decreases the life of the engine.

Reasons for engine overheating
If the engine of your car is facing over heating problem, it can be because of many things. Starting from the basic, it might be possible that the engine oil is not being used or either it is of bad quality. Another major cause for overheating of engines is inadequate coolant levels. So you have to ensure on regular interval of times that there is enough coolant present in the tank. Sometimes, the coolant level decreases in the tank due to leakage. So timely inspection of car should be done to ensure that things are in proper condition. Often the cooling system fails to operate because the thermostat becomes dysfunctional. This can lead to many associated problems like fan failure and non-circulation of coolant. These are few of the major reasons for heating of an automobile engine.

Radiator system for car engine cooling
The heat generated by the engine has to be removed from the engine so that work can be obtained from an engine for long hours. Else the engine will breakdown. Part of this done with the help of engine oil. Engine oil lubricates the sides of the cylinder and ensues that the piston movements over the cylinder surface is smooth and does not generate much heat.

Even then the generated heat is much and cooling systems have to be employed to counter the heat generated. Car cooling system is majorly a heat exchange system which uses a coolant liquid to extract the heat from the engine. Many a times, water is used as coolant. Radiator consist of coolant tubes that circulate water over the engine. The passing water over the engine extracts heats from the water thereby reducing the temperature of the engine. An turbulator is provided to agitate the tubes so that the water is heated uniformly and not just on the tube surface. This increases the efficiency of the system. Due to heating, the coolant expands. Due to excessive heating, the pressure may rise in the tubes which may cause them to blast. To avoid this, protective caps are provided which opens in case high pressure is generated in the tubes.

Often, this process is supplemented by a cooling fan over radiator. Coolant is sprinkled over the radiator and a fan cools the liquid by passing air through it. This helps in further cooling of the coolant. This way the heat generated in the engine is removed. With the help of cooling systems, life of the engine is improved and it can be used for long hours continuously.

Effect of Fluoride in Drinking Water on Humans

Fluoride compounds are salts that naturally form in ground and enters ground water. Many communities add fluoride in traces to promote dental health. Fluorine is beneficial for dental health but excess leads to bone fractures and dental fluorosis.

How does fluoride get into drinking water?
Most water suppliers contain naturally occurring fluoride. Substances such as sodium fluoride and fluorosilicates are easily dissolved in ground and it enters into ground water as it passes through rocks and gaps between rocks and pores. Communities add fluoride to drinking water in adequate amounts to promote dental health.

How fluoride effects body?
Drinking water containing fluoride enters into the stomach. 70-90% of the ingested fluoride is absorbed in stomach. Unabsorbed fluoride enters into intestine where it absorbs remaining. Once it gets absorbed, it enters into systemic circulation and distributed throughout the body. It retains more in calcium rich areas such as bones and teeth. Thereby it shows effect on teeth and bone. Finally unabsorbed fluoride excretes from body through kidneys and impairs kidney functioning.

Effects of fluoride in drinking water
Effects of long term exposure to fluoride shows serious effects on humans. Fluoridation effects teeth, bones and it increases the risk of cancer.

  • Effect on teeth: Communities add adequate amount of fluoride to drinking water to promote dental health. The severity of effect depends on the concentration of fluoride in drinking water. Drinking fluoride containing water causes dental fluorosis in children.
  • Effect on bones: Drinking water that contains elevated levels of fluoride leads to crippling of bones. Exposure to high concentrations of fluoride, leads to osteoporosis in humans. It also affects pregnant women. It reaches womb through placenta and affects baby. The effect of fluoride on bones include:
  • Crippling skeletal fluorosis
  • Osteosclerosis
  • Ligamentous and tendeneous calcification
  • Extreme bone deformity
  • Fluoride increases the risk if intake of fluoride is above 6mg/day
  • Cancer: Excess fluoride absorption leads to cancer. But very less evidences shown than fluoride intake increases the risk of cancer. The cancers associated with fluoridation are lung cancer and bladder cancer.
  • Kidneys: Fluoride excretes from the body through kidneys. It impairs renal functioning. On excess exposure it increases the risk of kidney failure.
  • Brain: Fluoride shows its affects on brain and lowers intelligence quotient.
  • Thyroid: Lowers functioning of thyroid and decreases the release of hormones such as thyroxine. Thereby it causes thyroidism in humans on exposure to fluoride.

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When to Use Weapons During Self-defense?

At times, you may face scary situations, and you have to defend yourself against the attackers. You can use weapons during self-defense, but you should make sure to take into account certain things. There are rules on when to use, where to use and what qualifications are required to use, etc. This article will answer all these queries, so that you will get a clarity regarding the weapon usage in self-defense.

After proper training
Before you use weapons like gun, you should have a good training in handling them carefully and to use it. Without training, it will be difficult for you to handle the weapons and there will be chances of getting hurt due to lack of proper usage. Therefore, we suggest you to get properly trained in using such weapons.

After weapon registration
Some weapons such as guns require registration. Without registration, it’s criminal to use them even for your self-defense or self security. You should register your weapon with the government authority and they will approve the registration only if you are skilled in using the kind of weapon you took for registration. Once your weapon is registered, you can use it only in the emergency situations.

After knowing the rules of the state or country
You can use the weapon only after the registration and once you know the rules of the state or country in using the weapons. These rules will tell you about things you need to do after registration and the how you will be penalized, if you violate those rules. Laws and rules may vary for both men and women as women are more vulnerable. Therefore, be aware of them before you use them for your self-defense.

Use them only when you’re in danger
You should use the weapon only in dangerous situations for self defense or for self protection. Avoid using it when there is strong reason, which may land you in trouble.

When no one is with you
One more suggestion is to use it when you are in an extreme difficulty, and when no one is in the surroundings to help you out.

Therefore, when you are using weapons, bear in mind these facts and advice. This may surely help you out when you need self-defense with your weapons.
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How to Expunge DUI or DWI

Expungement is nothing but a permanent removal of conviction from the records so that it no longer appears on the background history available to employers, lenders and public. Therefore you can get a job and loans easily as you have not charged in any DUI or DWI cases, but it can be seen by law enforcement and court officials. DUI or DWI cases are expunged only by the court order.

If you want to expunge your criminal offense from records, the following should be known:

  • Whether your state allows expungement.
  • Whether the elapsed time between the DUI offense and petition for the expungement of your crime is completed or not. Usually it may be not more than one year.
  • Whether you are eligible for expungement of your convicted crime.

If yes, then determine what are the steps to be followed to expunge your DUI case.

Fill out the required format
If your state allows expungement and you are eligible for expungement, the process stats with filling required application or petition to file with the court. It requires lot of paper work. Courts charge some amount for filing an application. The form filling is confusing so it is better to take help of attorney.

Submit the form to the state court
You should then submit the completed application to the court clerk. Ask them for the next process and how long will it take to expunge your conviction from your record.

Serve the prosecutor office with the copies of application
Then serve the prosecutor with the copies of your application and the crime record. If you are still drunk and driving the vehicle it is waste of your time and money to apply for expungement. Then prosecutor office checks whether it is your first and only offense, then it is worth to apply for expungement.

Attend an expungement hearing
Finally the judge will determine whether to grant expungement or not based on the detailed mentioned on the application your background check list and opinion from the district attorney. If the judge is satisfied with your application and your previous check list, court will issue an order to expunge the DUI from records.

DUI or DWI cases have two sides one is administrative and other is criminal. In most of the cases the offense will be removed from the criminal case but not from administrative it means not removed from driving record.
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OSHA: A Mandatory Law for Businesses

OSHA Labor Law PostersAbout OSHA
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is a Federal government agency that ensures that workplace conditions and environments are safe for the employees. The Act furnished guidelines, measures and safeguards that need to be ensured at workplace to protect the employees from hazardous conditions for health and workplace accidents. OSHA is very particular about the health and safety of the employees and demands strict compliance.

OSHA laws mandate the employer to communicate the laws to their employees by displaying posters at places that are commonly visited by employees. These include like notice board, dining hall, etc.

The law is applicable to private and Federal government bodies. OSHA covers only State and local government bodies if the state has an OSHA approved state program. However, OSHA is not applicable to:

  • People who are self employed.
  • Immediate members of family run farm business.
  • Employees regulated by other federal agencies like MSHA and the US Coastguard.

What the law required you to do
The law has immense provisions for the employers and employees to ensure that the employees are safe from workplace hazards and accidents and the workplace environment is safe. OSHA enforces and sets workplace standards for businesses. OSHA provides for norms for safeguards to protect employees’ health and life. In addition to critical industries like construction, maritime and chemical industries, etc, they cover general business bodies as well in the form of sanitation and air quality standards.

Employers are responsible for ensuring a safe and hazard free working environment. They need to keep the posters at workplace to avoid hazard and adopt some color code systems. They need to train their workforce on the safe practices at the work in a language their employee understands.

He is required to keep accurate records of the injuries and illness at work. You need to examine the workplace regularly to ensure safe conditions. He is required to display safety posters and health and illness data at places where employees can see them. In case any accident happens where an employee loses his life or three or more employees go to hospital, employer has to notify the accident to OSHA within eight hours of the accident.

Compliance with the law
OSHA provides enough provisions for the employees to identify and report any accidents, hazardous workplace condition or practice to OSHA, though it is advised to bring them to the attention of employer first. Employees under this act are empowered to bring any aspect of non-compliance to the notice of OSHA thereby raising the concern for compliance for the employer.

The Federal agencies are stringent regarding the law and OSHA compliance officers are known for carrying out spot checking on the workplace cracking down any non-compliance. It comes accompanied with heavy fines and penalties. The whistle blowers are protected by the Federal agencies under the purview of Whistle Blower Protection Act.

Therefore, compliance with the law in the form of posters and regulations and measures becomes very important for the employer. It is advisable for the employer to keep track for the workplace conditions to ensure maximum protection and safety for the employees and compliance with the law.
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