Posts Tagged Substance Abuse

Risk Factors that Can Increase Chances of Teen Substance Abuse

Teens are more likely to develop a drug abusing habit with higher exposure to risk factors. These risk factors may be understood as the negative characteristics of various domains like individual, parents, peer, school and community which are potential enough to initiate and increase the drug abusing behavior.

Teenagers are just transformed from children to adolescents. Therefore, they are not capable enough to cope up with these factors and become their victim. The below is the information of various risk factors faced by teenagers, their signs, development of drug abuse and dealing with these risk factors.

Early childhood risks: The risk factors associated with their childhood influence a teen greatly to take up drug abuse. Exposure to early childhood risks such as aggressive behavior, drug abusing family or peer group, drug availability in school, lack of parental supervision and poverty make a teen more prone to this unhealthy habit. The presence of these risk factors in a teenager’s life can be identified by few signs in his personal and social environment.

Signs of risk: Few signs found in an individual, his family and his social life help in predicting the risks of future drug abuse in that individual. These signs of risk vary depending up on the different stages in the life of an individual. The signs which point towards risk of drug abuse at later stages of life in an individual are:

  • Behavioral signs such as aggressive behavior, lack of self control or bad temperament in the stages of early childhood.
  • Family situations such as lack of affection from parents or caregivers, bad parenting, having a drug abusing parent or a caregiver or belief that drug abusing habit will be tolerated by parents.
  • Situations in social environment such as poor classroom behavior, lack of social skills, academic failure, association with drug abusing peer group or easy drug availability.

These signs when neglected develop in to a potential drug abusing habit in teens.

Early substance abuse include: In the early stages of developing drug abuse, teens generally begin with substances such as alcohol, inhalants, tobacco, marijuana and prescription drugs such as anti-anxiety medicines and sleeping pills. In the later adolescence, marijuana abuse may increase which may also advance to abusing of other drugs. Various studies have indicated that the involvement in drugs is higher in the stages of early childhood and early adolescence.

Protective factors can reduce the risk: In contrary to risk factors, protective factors are those which decrease the risk of drug abuse in teens. Acting as solutions for the problems posed by the risk factors they create a positive environment for teens, thus protecting them from the risk of drug abuse. The various protective factors are self-control, academic competence, anti-drug use policies, strong neighborhood attachment, strong bond between children and parents, parental monitoring and involvement in child’s life, establishing clear limits, consistent enforcement of discipline and strengthening learning and bonding at school by addressing poor concentration and aggressive behaviors of children.

Risks can be changed through intervention at right time: Various studies have found that children are more prone to risk of drug abuse during the transition periods like advancing from a baby life to school, then from elementary to middle school and then to high school level. Therefore, the prevention intervention programs need to be planned to strengthen the protective factors by providing skills and support to the youth at every stage of development, thus reducing the risk of drug abuse.

These risks can be prevented by family, school and community members interventions which focus on helping teens to develop the right, appropriate and positive behaviors. Coming up with strategies that encourage the implementation of protective factors will help in preventing the risk factors.
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Drug Testing made Mandatory to get Welfare Benefits

All the US citizens who are about to get welfare benefits from the government need to pass a drug test from this year. At least 30 state legislatures have considered bills that would require people to pass a drug test alone this year to become eligible to receive welfare benefits. Some other states like New Mexico, Maine and Kentucky have proposed extending this law for collecting unemployment, medicaid and food stamps.

At the federal level, the Drug Free Families Act, has been introduced which would require all the 50 states to drug test all applicants and recipients of Temporary Assistance for needy Families program. This proposed legislation seems to have inspired that states to take matters in to their own hands.

In Florida, people who pass are reimbursed, and applicants who fail the test are denied benefits for a year unless they enroll in a treatment program and do not test positive for the next six months. If they fail the test for the second time they will become ineligible for all the welfare benefits for the next three years.

Similarly in Indiana, drugs tests have been made mandatory for the unemployed people who are participating in the state sponsored job training. The candidates who test positive will become ineligible for job training for the next 90 days. Failing the test for the next time increases his ineligibility to one year.

The proposal of conducting drug tests for the applicants of welfare programs was made basing on the study which showed that people on welfare are higher users of drugs when compared to people not on welfare. Hence, these tests are found to be one of the helpful ways to reduce the drug abuse among weaker sections.

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Get FDA Approved Multi-panel Drug Test Kits for Accurate Results

With the increased demand for the home drug test kits, many companies started offering these different varieties of single and multi-panel drugs test kits. However, there are only few companies which offer reliable products and follow the federal rules states by the state government. According to the rules all the drug test kits should get approval from the Food and Drug Administration, which is nothing but FDA, before they are produced in to the market. Many companies completely ignore this rule in a fear that their products are not up to FDA standards and will definitely get rejected once they go there. Hence, they tend to release the products in to the market with out certification but at lower prices. This attracts more number of consumers but the fact is that the results produced by these kits are not reliable since they are not made according to the standards.

However, there are companies which offer FDA approved drug test kits at affordable prices which can give reliable results. Since these products are made using the rules stated they take all the necessary precautions while designing the product in order to make it a trust worthy kit. Hence, it is always recommended to use FDA approved drug test kits from reliable dealers in order to trust the test results. FDA approved products never compromise on quality or in any other parameter and hence can be used without any doubt. They provide accurate results and also are less expensive. When purchased in bulk they come at even lesser prices and hence are useful to conduct reliable drug tests. Read the rest of this entry »

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