Posts Tagged health

Effect of Fluoride in Drinking Water on Humans

Fluoride compounds are salts that naturally form in ground and enters ground water. Many communities add fluoride in traces to promote dental health. Fluorine is beneficial for dental health but excess leads to bone fractures and dental fluorosis.

How does fluoride get into drinking water?
Most water suppliers contain naturally occurring fluoride. Substances such as sodium fluoride and fluorosilicates are easily dissolved in ground and it enters into ground water as it passes through rocks and gaps between rocks and pores. Communities add fluoride to drinking water in adequate amounts to promote dental health.

How fluoride effects body?
Drinking water containing fluoride enters into the stomach. 70-90% of the ingested fluoride is absorbed in stomach. Unabsorbed fluoride enters into intestine where it absorbs remaining. Once it gets absorbed, it enters into systemic circulation and distributed throughout the body. It retains more in calcium rich areas such as bones and teeth. Thereby it shows effect on teeth and bone. Finally unabsorbed fluoride excretes from body through kidneys and impairs kidney functioning.

Effects of fluoride in drinking water
Effects of long term exposure to fluoride shows serious effects on humans. Fluoridation effects teeth, bones and it increases the risk of cancer.

  • Effect on teeth: Communities add adequate amount of fluoride to drinking water to promote dental health. The severity of effect depends on the concentration of fluoride in drinking water. Drinking fluoride containing water causes dental fluorosis in children.
  • Effect on bones: Drinking water that contains elevated levels of fluoride leads to crippling of bones. Exposure to high concentrations of fluoride, leads to osteoporosis in humans. It also affects pregnant women. It reaches womb through placenta and affects baby. The effect of fluoride on bones include:
  • Crippling skeletal fluorosis
  • Osteosclerosis
  • Ligamentous and tendeneous calcification
  • Extreme bone deformity
  • Fluoride increases the risk if intake of fluoride is above 6mg/day
  • Cancer: Excess fluoride absorption leads to cancer. But very less evidences shown than fluoride intake increases the risk of cancer. The cancers associated with fluoridation are lung cancer and bladder cancer.
  • Kidneys: Fluoride excretes from the body through kidneys. It impairs renal functioning. On excess exposure it increases the risk of kidney failure.
  • Brain: Fluoride shows its affects on brain and lowers intelligence quotient.
  • Thyroid: Lowers functioning of thyroid and decreases the release of hormones such as thyroxine. Thereby it causes thyroidism in humans on exposure to fluoride.

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How To Achieve Emotional Wellness

Strong physique does not imply internal strength. People who look bold from outside may be weak emotionally. You may surprising that what is emotional wellness? How is it related to health?

Here is the answer for all questions. We will discuss slightly about emotional wellness and stress more on title.

Emotional wellness is building or gaining energy internally to stay mentally strong. Things or problems that are seen can be detected easily and are preventable. But emotion is ine feeling that is out of human control in most of the times.

People who fail to control emotions face emotional illness. They ruin their life, career and also life of others indirectly.

Many suicide cases reported because of uncontrolled emotions around the world. This is more prevalent in people who face stress in different situations.

How to build emotional strength?
By keeping the consequences of emotional illness, we have picked up some good things that gives emotional strength.

Lead a joyful life – Happiness is the important emotion that is missing in most of us. We are so busy that we forget to laugh and stay happy. We get less opportunities to have happy moments, so enjoy that moments to the extremes. Happiness is like medicine for emotions.

Do not wait for chances that give happiness, create chances to enjoy everything.

Control stress – This is the one that takes away life from one situation to other. It may give you good or bad memories. Stress is seen mostly in professionals who have busy schedule and struggle to achieve success.

Practice yoga – Yoga is proven very effective against stress, it will reduce stress slowly by healing mental imbalance. Pranayama is the simplest technique that everyone can work out at any place. It gives a deep relaxation and boost energy to brain.

Involve in variety of good activities – doing same work daily will be boring and take away enjoyment of life. Try to get involved in activities that you like most at least one per day, irrespective of how busy you are.
By getting involved in vast activities, you feel change in the environment, refresh your mind and it is an art of learning new things.

Have belief in your ability – This is important for attaining emotional wellness. Have confidence on you, that itself works very fast to build strength emotionally. Belief in one’s ability or religion automatically develop spirituality and will help you to understand roots of existence.

Be kind – If you are kind, others will reciprocate with similar passion when you are in distress, they will empathize your condition. On the other hand if you behave rudely, you may lose valuable relations in life that make you weak internally.

Habituate reading – Books create great impact on mind, some books may give information, some may give knowledge. Read books that inspire you and stay mentally fit. Books are a set of tools of relaxation and staying healthy.
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Effects of Stress Management on Your Health

Stress is the trash of modern life, we all generate it but if you don’t dispose of it properly, it will pile up and overtake your life – Danzae Pace

Stress is a common problem that is faced by many people. Stress if not managed can lead to disruption of almost all your body processes which will put you at increased risk of numerous problems that include:

  • Headache/migraine
  • Anxiety
  • Fatigue
  • Sleep problems
  • Irritability or anger

Prolonged stress can lead to major health problems, here are some of the physical and mental effects of stress.

Effects due to physical stress
In general, physical stress is visible to human eyes and reaction is also very fast to this type of stress. Some conditions what we face due to this stress are tiredness, illness, headache, irritation, cold, stomach upset, etc. These effects can be reduced and treated by taking medication for some time. If ignored and left untreated it may lead to some other health problems.

Effects due to mental stress
Living with mental stress is nothing less to programmed death. So it is very important to avoid mental stress at early stages itself.

  • Shrinks the brain – Grey matter of brain plays an important role in making us mentally strong. But a person with mental stress is known to have reduced Grey matter, which effects psychological stability of mind. Adults or children effected with this stress behave violently. In some individuals, stress can even lead to a condition known as Alzheimer (forgetfulness) and reduces life span leading to early death.
  • Health problems – Overweight, asthma, high blood pressure, improper development of fetus brain during pregnancy, are some of the health problems faced due to mental stress. In extreme cases, if blood pressure is not regulated, then it can have symptoms of heart attack. Because of stress, some people have more food than what they have regularly, this makes them overweight and this can further lead to increase in cholesterol levels thus effecting the heart. Asthma, in general we refer to as “breathing problem”, apart from other reasons for asthma, stress also has effects on asthma. When a person is tensed or worried, he feels suffocated in breathing, which is nothing but asthma. If mother is stressed during pregnancy, it effects the brain development of fetus.
  • Early and immature aging in kids – There is an evidence showing that kids grown up in a stressful environment have reduced chromosomal ends called ‘telomeres’ which are important for improving the lifespan. They behave abnormally when compared to other kids. Further they cannot mingle easily with other kids.
  • Affects immune system – Your immune system becomes weak and the ability to fight against diseases decreases due to stress. People with stress are easily affected with infections frequently. Process of recovering from any illness is also delayed.
  • High risk of heart attack – Heart is the major organ for our survival. Stress has major effects on heart. People with stress develop high blood pressure which ultimately effects and leads to heart stroke or heart attack.

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Recommended Daily Allowances Of Micronutrients

National Institute Of Health has suggested amounts of micronutrients to be taken daily through diet to stay healthy. These RDA will help to evaluate health condition of an individual.

Micronutrient

RDA

Age group

Vitamin A

300-600mcg of RAE

700-900mcg

750mcg

1200mcg

Up to 1 year

Adults

Pregnant women

lactating women

Vitamin D

400 IU

600IU

800IU

600IU

Up to 1 year

Adults

Above 70 years

Pregnant and lactating

Vitamin E

4-5mg

6-15mg

15mg

19mg

Upto 1 year

Adults

Pregnant women

Lactating

Vitamin K

2.5mcg

30-90mcg

Upto 1 year

Adults

Calcium

200-260mg

700-1200mg

1300mg

Upto 1 year

Adults

Pregnant and lactating

Iron

11mg

7-10mg

8-18mg

27mg

9-10mg

Upto 1 year

1-13 years

14-51 years

pregnant women

lactating

Sodium

0.12-0.37g/d

1-1.2g/d

1.2-1.5g/d

1.5g/d

Upto 1 year

1-3years

Adults

pregnant women

lactating

Copper

200-220mcg/d

340-440mcg/d

700-900mcg/d

1000mcg/d

1300mcg/d

Upto 1 year

1-3 years

Adults

Pregnant

lactating

Fluoride

0.01-0.5mg/d

0.7-1.0mg/d

2-4mg/d

3mg/d

Upto 1 year

1-3 years

Adults

Pregnant

lactating

Iodine

110-130mcg/d

90mcg/d

120-150mcg/d

220mcg/d

290mcg/d

Upto 1 year

1-3 years

Adults

Pregnant

lactating

Chloride

0.18-0.57g/d

1.5-1.9g/d

1.8-2.3g/d

2.3g/d

Upto 1 year

1-3 years

Adults

Pregnant

lactating

Magnesium

30-75mg/d

80-130mg/d

240-420mg/d

350-400mg/d

310-360mg/d

Upto 1 year

1-3 years

Adults

Pregnant

lactating

Manganese

0.003-0.6mg/d

1.2-1.5mg/d

1.6-2.3mg/d

2.0mg/d

2.6mg/d

Upto 1 year

1-3 years

Adults

Pregnant

lactating

Phosphorous

100-275mg/d

460-500mg/d

700-1250mg/d

Upto 1 year

1-3 years

Adults

Pregnant

lactating

Potassium

0.4-0.7g/d

3-3.8g/d

4.5-4.7g/d

4.7g/d

5.1g/d

Upto 1 year

1-3 years

Adults

Pregnant

lactating

Zinc

2-3mg/d

3.5mg/d

8-11mg/d

11-12mg/d

12-13mg/d

Upto 1 year

1-3 years

Adults

Pregnant

lactating

Selenium

15-20mcg/d

20-30mcg/d

40-55mcg/d

60mcg/d

70mcg/d

Upto 1 year

1-3 years

Adults

Pregnant

lactating

Molybdenum

2-3mcg/d

17-22mcg/d

34-45mcg/d

50mcg/d

Upto 1 year

1-3 years

Adults

Pregnant

lactating

Chromium

0.2-5.5mcg/d

11-15mcg/d

20-35mcg/d

29-30mcg/d

44-55mcg/d

Upto 1 year

1-3 years

Adults

Pregnant

lactating

Doctor prescribe supplements of micro-nutrients, as given. Most minerals are electrolytes, which have crucial role in maintaining water balance in the body to make kidneys and heart function normal. Any disturbance in these values may have serious effects such as kidney failure, chest pain, heart related diseases, etc.

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How To Stay Mentally Healthy?

Are you worried about mental status affecting your health? Are you searching for tips that will help you balance your mind and body? Here is the solution. Have a quick read of this article and apply them in your personal life to stay mentally healthy.

Positive personality traits
The main reason for your mental illness is stress that you face at different situations.

  • Fighting stress is very important. If you are working in office and finding it stressful, try to find out reasons for stress. Is it workload? Or people around you? Or other issues that are making you feel stressed out.
  • Some traits like time management, viewing a task in positive perspective, making your work enjoy, having a break between work will help you reduce stress that directly has positive effect on your mental health.
  • Creating a pleasant environment around you, avoid conflicts with others and spending less time with people who discourage you will also improve your mental health.

Practice mental exercises every day

  • Yoga and meditation have outstanding results in improving your mental conditions. These exercises will activate all your senses and create calm and peace environment within yourself.
  • They increase your thinking and concentration power and you will be able to stay active throughout the day. They have good effects on stress and improve mental conditions.
  • By practicing mental exercises, you can improve both mental and physical health. Yoga can improve indigestion problem, ulcers, headache due to stress, etc.

Take food that activates brain

  • It is very important to maintain brain at normal levels. Because of stress and other problems, required levels of oxygen may not reach your brain, as a result you may face many problems.
  • Food rich in antioxidants are very good for brain to improve your mental wellness. Vitamin C, E and B containing foods can help you cope with stress.
  • Smoking and drugs have adverse effects on your mental wellness as well as physical health. Drugs have direct effect on your brain, it will eat away all your energy, make you mentally weak.

Add some creativity to your life
Leading life in the same way for a long time will make you feel bored. Implement some small changes in your life like doing some experiments with house interiors that creates a refreshment for brain, traveling with people you like, involving in some social activities, etc. Innovation helps you lead a peaceful and joyful life. All these improve your mental health.

Try to enjoy each and every moment of your life to keep yourself mentally healthy.

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Vitamins Specific to Pregnant Women

Pregnancy is a very crucial stage for women, and therefore, needs special attention and proper care. Any negligence in health care may affect fetal development. There are some vitamins that should be taken by pregnant women as well as those who want to conceive.

This article is about the vitamins that are necessary during pregnancy.

Folic acid – If the mother has folic acid deficiency, newborn is affected with neural problems like ‘spina bifida’ which means incomplete formation and splitting of spinal cord. Daily recommended folic acid for pregnant women is 10mcg per day. Because of this reason doctors suggest folic acid capsules to overcome neurological disorders.

Vitamin D – Main function of this vitamin is absorption of calcium for bone development. Deficiency of this vitamin will affect improper bone formation leading to fragile, weakened bones in new born. It is required in high amounts by mother, as most of the calcium is taken away or utilized by the fetus for calcium and phosphorous metabolism.
Pregnant women having deficiency of this vitamin can have early softening of bones leading to a condition called ‘osteoporosis’.

Calcium – Calcium is mainly involved in bone formation and development. Vitamin D deficiency disables absorption of calcium from intestine and deposition of calcium in bones.

Vitamin B complex and vitamin C – Both vitamin B complex and vitamin C help in developing resistance against diseases. They help in effective functioning of immune system. During pregnancy, women with this vitamin deficiency have regular vomiting, tiredness, vomiting sensation in early morning.

Iron – It is an important mineral required during pregnancy. Deficiency of iron leads to inadequate supply of oxygen to baby, sometimes leading to abortions, low birth weight of newborn. Generally, iron is required in large amounts by mothers because blood is lost during child delivery, if it is not replaced, it leads to anemia that is, low production of red blood cells which may at times lead to unconsciousness.

Vitamin that should be avoided – Vitamin A should be avoided during pregnancy. It is proven to have negative effects on development of fetus.

Be careful about the diet you take, see that your food includes all the vitamins discussed except for vitamin A. Taking iron rich foods like leafy vegetables, can prevent anemia, milk compensates vitamin D and calcium deficiencies. Today, prenatal vitamins are suggested by doctors to meet the requirements of vitamins. These supplements contain folic acid, iron, calcium and vitamin D.

Having enough sleep, avoid situations that increase stress, listening to good stories, having a pleasant environment around you and having healthy diet will help in giving birth to healthy and normal baby.

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Medication Safety Tips

People of age above 50 years or older take more medications than any other age group. Taking medications some times risky to those people as a group tend to have more long-term, chronic illnesses such as arthritis, diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart diseases etc,. Because they may have a number of health issues at the same time they tend to take multiple medications.

Taking multiple medicines is not always easy because it may be hard to remember what each medicine is for, and how and when you should take it.

So, below are some helpful instructions about taking medicines to avoid any mistakes that can cause severe health issues:

  • Always take medication which is prescribed for you only so that the dosage will be correctly meet according to your needs. Here make sure that don’t take others medicine because it can be extremely dangerous.
  • Before taking it, always check the label on your medicine whether it is intended for the correct person or not.
  • Throw the medications which are expired or discontinued because it loses its effectiveness, and keeping discontinued medication in your home can make it all too easy for mix-ups to occur.
  • Never put or multiple medications in the same bottle.
  • Don’t take the medicines which are not marked clearly by the doctor.
  • Read and save any written information that comes with the medicine.
  • At correct time, take the medicine.
  • Never take more or less than the prescribed amount of any medicine.
  • If swallowing tablets is difficult, then ask your doctor whether there is a liquid form of the medicine or whether you could crush your tablets.
  • Always keep medicines out of children.

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