Posts Tagged Drug abuse

How Dangerous is Drunk Driving?

Drunk driving is not only illegal in every state but also unsafe to operate any vehicle. If any person drives in this condition, his mind won’t work properly. If he continues to drive in this condition, he may behave differently and may become out of control because he don’t know what he is doing. However, a person who drinks alcohol cannot predict the things properly and may become over-aggressive. This results injuries and or accidents.

After consuming alcohol, it passes or absorbed into the person’s blood stream. This results improper functioning of brain. So he don’t receive signals immediately from his eyes because information that he receives gets processed slowly. However, alcohol slows down the brains reaction time by 30%. It also disallow or disables the person doing from multiple tasks.

The other effects of alcohol is, it lowers the visibility. Person when in under the influence of alcohol, he can’t see the distant objects because his vision becomes blurred sometimes he may see double objects. Perceptiveness becomes weaker. Because of this, he don’t know what’s happening on the road. This leads to accident risk.

A driver with alcohol concentration levels of 0.10 or more than this level may involve in motor accidents than the persons who don’t consume alcohol. However, most people complained that drunk driving had affected their lives. Read the rest of this entry »

Tags: ,

Risk Factors that Can Increase Chances of Teen Substance Abuse

Teens are more likely to develop a drug abusing habit with higher exposure to risk factors. These risk factors may be understood as the negative characteristics of various domains like individual, parents, peer, school and community which are potential enough to initiate and increase the drug abusing behavior.

Teenagers are just transformed from children to adolescents. Therefore, they are not capable enough to cope up with these factors and become their victim. The below is the information of various risk factors faced by teenagers, their signs, development of drug abuse and dealing with these risk factors.

Early childhood risks: The risk factors associated with their childhood influence a teen greatly to take up drug abuse. Exposure to early childhood risks such as aggressive behavior, drug abusing family or peer group, drug availability in school, lack of parental supervision and poverty make a teen more prone to this unhealthy habit. The presence of these risk factors in a teenager’s life can be identified by few signs in his personal and social environment.

Signs of risk: Few signs found in an individual, his family and his social life help in predicting the risks of future drug abuse in that individual. These signs of risk vary depending up on the different stages in the life of an individual. The signs which point towards risk of drug abuse at later stages of life in an individual are:

  • Behavioral signs such as aggressive behavior, lack of self control or bad temperament in the stages of early childhood.
  • Family situations such as lack of affection from parents or caregivers, bad parenting, having a drug abusing parent or a caregiver or belief that drug abusing habit will be tolerated by parents.
  • Situations in social environment such as poor classroom behavior, lack of social skills, academic failure, association with drug abusing peer group or easy drug availability.

These signs when neglected develop in to a potential drug abusing habit in teens.

Early substance abuse include: In the early stages of developing drug abuse, teens generally begin with substances such as alcohol, inhalants, tobacco, marijuana and prescription drugs such as anti-anxiety medicines and sleeping pills. In the later adolescence, marijuana abuse may increase which may also advance to abusing of other drugs. Various studies have indicated that the involvement in drugs is higher in the stages of early childhood and early adolescence.

Protective factors can reduce the risk: In contrary to risk factors, protective factors are those which decrease the risk of drug abuse in teens. Acting as solutions for the problems posed by the risk factors they create a positive environment for teens, thus protecting them from the risk of drug abuse. The various protective factors are self-control, academic competence, anti-drug use policies, strong neighborhood attachment, strong bond between children and parents, parental monitoring and involvement in child’s life, establishing clear limits, consistent enforcement of discipline and strengthening learning and bonding at school by addressing poor concentration and aggressive behaviors of children.

Risks can be changed through intervention at right time: Various studies have found that children are more prone to risk of drug abuse during the transition periods like advancing from a baby life to school, then from elementary to middle school and then to high school level. Therefore, the prevention intervention programs need to be planned to strengthen the protective factors by providing skills and support to the youth at every stage of development, thus reducing the risk of drug abuse.

These risks can be prevented by family, school and community members interventions which focus on helping teens to develop the right, appropriate and positive behaviors. Coming up with strategies that encourage the implementation of protective factors will help in preventing the risk factors.
Read the rest of this entry »

Tags: ,

Tips to Identify Heroin Abusers

Heroin abuse has become very common among the teens and also the adults. It is even influencing the other class of society who don’t know about these drugs, and making them get used to it. A drug addict might be any person, he might be our family member, friend, relative, neighbor or any body whom we know. The thing here is whether we are able to find that person in the crowd and help him come out that state. The more earlier the person is detected, more lesser will be the harm caused to him.

Followings are few tips to recognize Heroin abusers

  • Food Habits: The moment a person starts using Heroin, there will be a lot of changes in his food habits. Even their food preferences also change. They start craving for more sweet dishes. The addicts generally have poor appetite and as a result there might be loss in their weight.
  • By observing ash trays: Heroin addicts when allowed to smoke at home can be caught by observing their ash trays or the dust bins in their rooms. In order to use heroin they take away some tobacco from their cigarettes and fill it with heroin. So, that you can find some loose and unburnt tobacco there. Even the cigarettes are smoked down to the filter.
  • Arms and legs: Needle marks can be found on the arms and legs of the abusers as a sign of injecting the heroin.
  • By observing the pupil: One can easily find whether the person is an Heroin abuser or not by this test. In bright light, the pupil of Heroin addicts constricts where as in darkness it dilates. In heroin addicts the pupil becomes very small like a pin point. So, pinpoint pupils in the dark are almost a conclusive sign of Heroin addiction.

These are only few things which we can find among Heroin abusers. By finding few of these symptoms please don’t jump to the conclusion. A little more focused observation can reveal you the facts.

Read the rest of this entry »


Group Therapy for Treating Addiction

Group therapy is a form of psychotherapy that involves two or more individuals who work with one or a group of therapists. These methods have great positive effect when they are used to treat the patients with the substance abuse problems. They may be very effective than individual treatment or one on one therapy to overcome drug addiction.

Following are the different types of group therapies used for treating drug addicts:

Peer Group Therapy:
The most common type of peer group therapy used for treating the drug addicts is the expressive therapy. In this type of therapy the patients are allowed to express their thoughts and feelings, which may be conscious and unconscious and which can’t be orally communicated. By the feelings and the thoughts of the addicts the therapists can know the condition of the patients and this helps the therapists in giving further treatment.

Family Group Therapy:
Family plays an important role in treating a drug addict. Hence, the family is the perfect setting for group therapy. Family therapy has two main goals out of which one goal is, the strengths of the family are integrated to design ways to stop drug abuse. Other goal is to reorganize and counteract the impact of the patient’s dependency on drugs and this also helps to manage the effects of drug addiction on the family.

Culturally Specific Group Therapy:
Bringing the patients who share similar cultures at one place can be very effective way of group therapy. By knowing their shared beliefs, cultural rituals and healing practices helps the counselors in treating the drug addicts.

Read the rest of this entry »

Tags: ,

Cocaine Addiction and Its Effects on the Body

Cocaine is a powerfully addictive stimulant that directly affects the brain. Cocaine is a strong central nervous system stimulant which affects the brain’s processing of dopamine. Intake of the cocaine causes constricted peripheral blood vessels, dilated pupils, and increased temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure. Repeated cocaine use leads to tolerance, dependence, and addiction.

Cocaine has the following physiological effects on the human body:

As already said cocaine is a central nervous stimulant that interferes with the re absorption process of dopamine, a chemical messenger associated with pleasure and movement. Its major effect is on the functioning of the brain. Cocaine causes seizures and can lead to bizarre or violent behavior.

Cocaine constricts the arteries that supplies blood to the heart and they also increase the heart rate and blood pressure. This may also result in the heart strokes. Cocaine can also trigger a deadly abnormal heart rhythm called arrhythmia, killing the person who is abusing the cocaine instantly.

Snorting cocaine damages the nose and sinuses. Smoking crack cocaine irritates the lungs, and in some people, causes permanent lung damage. Regular use of cocaine may also cause nasal perforation.

Cocaine can cause sudden, overwhelming kidney failure through a process called rhabdomyolysis. In the people suffering with the high blood pressure there is a possibility of increase in the damage of the kidneys if they use cocaine.

Gastrointestinal Tract:
Cocaine constricts blood vessels that supplies blood to the intestine, this may lower the oxygen supply to the intestine which in turn causes ulcers or may even cause perforation of the stomach or intestines.

Sexual Function:
Chronic cocaine use can impair sexual function in men and women. In men, cocaine can cause delayed or impaired ejaculation.

Cocaine as already mentioned has very severe damaging effects on the body, hence its use should be avoided.

Read the rest of this entry »


Know about Basic Types of Addictions

Addiction is a condition where the individual becomes permanently or temporarily becomes dependent on the substance consumed. There are many types of addictions but there are some basic types of addictions which are very harmful for the individuals who are addicted and those are here under:

Drug Addiction:
Drug addiction is the condition resulted from repeated abuse of drugs by an individual. Drug addiction results in unconditional desire to consume drugs excessively. This results in psychic and physical dependance on the drug. This addiction has got detrimental effects on the individual and also on the society.

Nicotine Addiction:
Nicotine is psycho active drug consumed mostly by smoking. Due to its euphoric nature it makes the abuser become totally dependent on it. On withdrawing the addiction the abuser is prone to suffer from severe with drawl symptoms. On abusing nicotine, the mood and performance, apart from many serious effects on physical body are suffered by the patients.

Alcohol Addiction:
Habitual intake of alcohol leads to alcohol addiction. This results in damage of liver, heart, brain and other vital organs of the body.

Gambling Addiction:
Gambling addiction is also popular as compulsive gambling. It is like any other addiction and results in biological vulnerabilities, social stress and negative ways of thinking.

Prescription Drugs Addiction:
Prescription drug addiction is caused when the individual uses the prescribed drugs in many other ways to feel better. He becomes totally addicted to them and will constantly crave for them.

Addiction to Work:
A person is a workaholic if he is addicted to work, a workaholic spends lot of time at work sacrificing his health and loved ones for his job. Workaholics are frequently ineffective employees.

Internet Addiction:
Internet addiction is the excessive use of computer or internet that interferes with daily life. This is divided in to sub categories by activity, such as excessive, overwhelming, gaming, online social networking, blogging, email, Internet shopping.


Know About Drug Abuse Awareness Programs in the United States

Substance drug abuse is seen in individuals of all ages in the United States. Apart from health effects, drug addiction has impact on family, workplace, economy and as a whole on society. Therefore, it is necessary to make people aware of the dangerous effects of drug abuse. Different drug abuse awareness programs are conducted in the United States. Some of them are listed here.

Partnership for a Drug-Free America
It helps parents to learn the signs of drug abuse in their children. Parents are educated with the ways of dealing with drug addicted children. Certain preventive measures are also given for parents regarding drug testing.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services (SAMHSA)
It is an organization of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Different publications, posters, and videos are provided for people to make them aware of the dangerous effects of drug and alcohol abuse. Information on each drug abuse and its recognition are also provided by SAMHSA.

Foundation for Drug-Free World
It is a non-profit organization and is involved in providing educational materials for youth and adults. Substance-abuse prevention activities, DVD and publications are provided by the Foundation for drug-free world.

Drug Abuse Resistance Education Program (D.A.R.E.)
This is a classroom program led by community police. Students of different grades from kindergarten to 12 are taught about how to withstand peer pressure regarding drug abuse. A relation between police officers and general public is also fostered by the organization.

Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)
It offers certain books containing information on prescription and illegal drugs and their effect. Certain role-playing activities and questions are made available for readers through it. Information and links for prevention of drug abuse in young adults and others are also provided.

In addition to these programs, certain drug awareness programs are also conducted by the US Army and other organizations.

Read the rest of this entry »


How to Prevent Drug Abuse in Teens?

Teen drug abuse is a major concern for parents these days. Teens get attracted to drug use by peer pressure and many other reasons. It is important for parents to check the substance drug abuse and immediately take necessary action to prevent it. Here are some tips for parents to prevent teenage drug abuse.

  • Always try to be with your teen when any bad situation arises. It is because, it is in those situations that the teens get depressed and may get addicted to drugs.
  • Most of the teenagers are addicted to drugs by being in the company of drug abusers. So better make it sure that you know your teen’s friends and their behavior or character in school and society.
  • Be connected to your teens after school hours. Make sure that he is kept busy during this time with some extracurricular activity. This could be helpful for improving the both physical and mental strength.
  • Ensure that you track the educational record of teens from their school regularly. Also make them know that you are going through their activities at school. Encourage them when they are really doing well.
  • Parents should be a role model for their kids. Make you teens understand strong family beliefs against using drugs.
  • You should take a careful and an active interest on the deeds of you teens. Most of the teens get addicted to drugs when they feel that they are cared by no one.
  • Discuss with your teens about the dangerous health effects of drug abuse.
  • You need to enhance self-esteem in you teens. Those with positive self-esteem get motivated to be well responsible and hence are less likely to consume drugs.

In addition, check the symptoms and signs of drug abuse in teens that include poor work performance, hyperactivity, reduced memory, drastic weight loss and anxiety. Use home drug test kits for checking if they had taken drugs. Take them to certain educational programs which make people aware of the effects of drug addiction.

Read the rest of this entry »


Facts about Drug Abuse and Addiction

Drugs are the chemicals, which have susceptible impact on neuro-chemical balance of human brain that effects feelings and actions of an individual. Abusing drugs often or regularly leads to addiction. Although there is no particular age limit for drug addiction, earlier abuse causes more serious drug addiction.

Reasons for addiction
Every abuser has a different reason for drug abuse or addiction. Mostly to escape from problems, people abuse drugs, and become addicted. Many factors influence the individuals like social environment, person’s biology, and age. Family, friends, life style of individual contribute to drug abuse. Critical stages of life along with genetic, and environmental factors also affect drug addiction susceptibility.

Effects of addiction
Complications of drug addiction are very high and it is like a disease that affects brain, and total functioning of the body. Brain’s communication system is affected with the chemicals present in drugs as they disrupt the process of information flow to nerve cells. Short and long term effects are seen in the abuse due to drug addiction.

  • Short term: The chemicals present in the drugs will blow into the brain’s communication system. These chemicals can disturb the functioning of the “reward circuit” of the brain. Many short-term consequences are observed in abuser’s health and avoiding drug abuse can help in overcoming the short-term consequences. Sleeplessness, irritability, anxiety, running nose, nausea, vomiting, muscle pain, depression, headache, dizziness, effects on memory and respiratory problems etc are found with short term drug addiction.
  • Long term: Serious long-term effects are found with drug abuse and addiction changes brain chemical system and circuit. These effects can lead from mild itching to coma and to death of the drug abuser. This addiction facilitates the user in experiencing uncontrollable cravings particularly when they see place or person associated with drug. High drug addiction can lead for infectious diseases, breathing related diseases, veins, or nervous collapse, and abuser can even die in minutes in certain situations.

The above addressed information about reasons and effects of drug abuse and addiction can be useful in preventing drug abuse. Prevention programs and educating the people about effects can be helpful in preventing drug abuse and addiction in society. If it is not controlled at right time, these drugs can become masters of abuser’s life. The consequences of addiction of drug can be overwhelming to both the user and to the user’s family members.



Know About Alcohol and It’s Effects

In beer, wine, and liquor intoxicating ingredient is ethanol or ethyl alcohol. Through the fermentation of the yeast, starches, sugars, the alcohol is produced. A standard drink is equal to 12 ounces of beer, o.6 ounces of pure ethanol, 5 ounces of wine,8 ounces of malt liquor.

Short term effects: Stomach absorbs the alcohol and moves to the bloodstream and it enters to all the tissues when a person drinks alcohol. According to some factors the effect of alcohol is different, the factors such as persons size, age, weight, sex and alcohol consumed and the amount of food. Talkativeness and dizziness are another effect of moderate alcohol. Disturbed sleep, slurred speech, vomiting, nausea, these are effects of larger amount of alcohol. Some times child abuse and domestic violence,increase the incidents of aggressive act, these are effects of low and moderate alcohol. After large amounts of alcohol another possible effect is hangover. Hangover contains of nausea, headache, thirst, fatigue, dizziness.

Long term effects: There is damage of vital organs like brain and liver when large amount of alcohol is combined with poor nutrition. If pregnancy women take then they may give birth to a baby with fetal alcohol syndrome.
Every organ of drinker’s body is affected by alcohol. Intoxication may harm the motor skills and function of brain. Heavy drink may cause stroke,cancer, liver diseases.

Read the rest of this entry »

Tags: ,