Posts Tagged Dental

Affects of Caffeine on Dental: Benefits & Demerits

Caffeine present in various foods and beverages reduces exhaustion when consumes in certain levels but consuming it more than in moderate amounts causes nausea, head aches, anxiety and other dental problems. More than 90% people around the states consume caffeine in either of the forms from coffee to tea and soft drinks.

Consumption of caffeine has both benefits and health risks associated with it. Following data presented gives information about the various benefits and risks associated with it.

Dental health benefits of caffeine

  • Caffeinated drinks has varied effects individually on the person’s teeth. Following are some of the foods where caffeine is present in moderate amounts and the way it benefits to health.
  • Coffee: caffeine is the main ingredient present in coffee but its impact is protected by one of the main ingredients called trigonelline.
  • Trigonelline is an alkaloid that reverse the effects of acid produced as a by product of bacteria while consuming simple sugars.
  • Black coffee neutralize the acids and decreases the risk of dental plaque.
  • Black tea is one of the most caffeinated beverage with having high levels of fluoride.
  • Green tea which is rich in antioxidants, catechins and polyphenols also contains caffeine in certain amount. It helps to prevent heart disease and also improve oral health by fighting against gum disease.

Dental problems caused by caffeine
The effects caused by caffeine depends on the amount it is consumed and can have varied effects on dental health.
Enamel damage: Strong and healthy teeth results due tot he presence of enamel on your teeth.

  • Wearing off enamel makes your teeth prone to disease and damage.
  • Consumption of large amount of caffeine is related to degradation of enamel on your teeth.
  • By keeping in check the amount of caffeine consumed one can reduce the risks associated with it thus helping to avoid cavities and dental diseases.

Staining: Caffeine consumption in any form leave stains on your teeth.

  • Consuming tea, coffee and soft drinks in large quantities cause yellowing of teeth or brown stains between the teeth as well on their surface.

Teeth clenching: Intake of caffeine in large quantities is also associated with inability to sleep and stress.

  • Consuming caffeine before bed time allows you to clench your teeth when u sleep. Teeth clenching leads to jaw and teeth pain.
  • Avoiding and limiting the consumption of caffeine through out the day helps to reduce stress levels and lessen teeth clenching while sleeping.

People never go giving up their daily fix for anything and those who prefer can be cautious by maintaining proper oral hygiene habits for minimizing the negative impact of caffeine. By knowing these effects can help you restrict how much caffeine can be consumed each day with no side effects.
Read the rest of this entry »

Tags:

Prophy Jet For Teeth Polishing

Teeth cleaning is part of oral hygiene and involves the removal of dental plaque from teeth with the intention of preventing cavities, gingivitis and periodontal diseases. People routinely clean their own teeth by brushing and inter dental cleaning. Tooth polishing is the act of smoothing the tooth surface. The purpose of polishing is to make it difficult for plaque to accumulate on the tooth surface area which is accumulated due to bacterial infection.. .The traditional method in tooth polishing includes the use of trophy cup which is a small motorized rubber cup along with an abrasive polishing compound.

Prophy jet an all purpose cleaner
Prophy jet is an air polishing prophylaxis system which uses air, water, and either sodium bicarbonate or non-sodium powder as a slurry to remove extrinsic stain, dental plaque and soft debris while simultaneously polishing tooth surfaces. It is a high tech instrument that dentists have been using for years. The Prophy Jet sprays high pressured water to flush away plaque deposits. Baking soda acts as a cleansing substance to remove extrinsic tooth stains caused by foods, drinks or smoking. Aluminum Trihydroxide is an alternative solution to the sodium bicarbonate for patients who are sodium restricted and have heavily stained enamel. Avoid use on dentin, cementum and restorative restorations.

Prophy Jet polishing is recommended before you undergo for dental bracing. Cleaning up the teeth and remove debris and plaque lessens the chances of irritants trapping under the dental appliances. Prophy-Jet polishing is used to remove surface stains before you dental bracing.

During Prophy-Jet polishing, only soft deposits and some extrinsic stains are removed from the teeth. Scaling and root planning will be needed to remove hard deposits such as dental calculus from the surface of the teeth and under the gum line. Prophy-Jet won’t remove tooth discoloration that comes from inside the tooth which is caused by genetics, dental florosis or trauma to the tooth stains which have a better chance of being removed through other cosmetic dentistry methods such as veneers.

Benefits of prophy jet over traditional techniques

  • Prophy jet polishing is more effective.
  • It uses a water soluble sodium bicarbonate mixture to help in the removal of stain and plaque.
  • It helps in the removal of stain due to smoking, coffee, tea, peridex, and other extrinsic factors.
  • It also minimizes hand, wrist, neck and eye fatigue by helping to remove stain quicker than scaling and polishing done in the traditional way.
  • You can use Prophy-Je to remove deposits from your dental applications such as dentures, orthodontic appliance, mouth guard or night guard.

Incorporating dental cleanings into your oral hygiene routine is essential to maintain good dental health and prophy jet being a high tech alternative to traditional methods of teeth polishing is beneficial.
Read the rest of this entry »

Tags:

Surgical Treatment for Jaw Disorders

Normally jaw is made up of a set of bones. It consist of two parts, upper portion of the jaw is maxilla and is immovable and lower portion of the jaw is mandible which is involved in the movement of jaw.

Jaw disorder is the condition in which abnormalities in the jaw position takes place. Minor abnormalities in the jaw can be treated by wearing dental braces and some other appliances. If the abnormalities in the jaw cannot be treated with dental braces, then it can be treated by performing surgeries.

Corrective jaw surgery
Corrective jaw surgery is performed to correct the abnormalities in jaw. It is performed to correct the deformities in the upper or lower jaw or both the jaws. It improves the appearance of face and also improves the chewing and talking ability.

Corrective jaw surgery is performed on candidates who are:

 

  • Experiencing difficulty in chewing or talking
  • Deformities in temporomandibular joint
  • Prognathism and malocclusion
  • Breathing through mouth
  • Receding lower jaw and chin

Surgery can be performed on candidates whose jaw bone has fully developed and there is no growth in the jaw. Surgical procedure involves following steps:

  • Pre operative treatment: In this step, orthodontist takes x-rays to examine the jaw and align your teeth using dental braces. These braces should be fitted to your teeth for several weeks before surgery. This will gradually push your teeth to their normal position.
  • Surgical procedure: Surgical procedure starts initially by giving general anesthesia.
  •  Lower jaw surgery: In this surgery an incision is made inside the mouth to expose the joint potion of the jaw connecting to the front portion that supports teeth. Then deformities are corrected and repositioned the lower jaw to their normal position. Small surgical plate and screws are used to hold the jaw in their normal position.
  • Upper jaw surgery: In this surgery, an incision is made inside the mouth to separate the tooth baring portion of the jaw from its base. Corrections are made by removing or reshaping or adding of jaw tissue to relocate in the normal position. Then tiny surgical plate and screws are used to hold the jaw in new position.
  • Post operative treatment: Recovery time is 4-6 weeks. After completion of surgery, retainers are applied to the jaw to prevent the repositioning of jaw. Orthodontist suggest you to take liquids or soft consistency foods for some weeks.

Side effects of surgery

  • Pain and discomfort after surgery
  • Swelling of face but can decrease gradually
  • Stiffness of jaw – It is due to the swelling of jaw but can be reduced with time

Read the rest of this entry »

Tags: ,

How Does Smoking Leads to Gum Problems

Smoking and chewing tobacco products causes gum problems. The severity of risk depends on the frequency of these products you use. More you smoke and chew tobacco products, the more will be the risk of gum problems.

Tobacco products contain nicotine and nitrosamines which are harmful and causes dental diseases and some times leads to the risk of oral cancer. In this article we will discuss how smoking and chewing tobacco leads to gum problems.

Affects the bone and soft tissue
Smoking and chewing tobacco interfere with the attachment of bone and soft tissue to the teeth. Formation of pockets between the teeth and gum leads to the build up of plaque and leads to gum problems.

Interfering with functioning of normal cells
Smoking and chewing tobacco products interfere with the normal functioning of gum tissue cells and are susceptible to gum diseases.

Reduces the flow of blood
It reduces the flow of blood to teeth and gum. Therefore the oxygen and nutrients are not supplied to the gum tissue and gums become inflame and swollen. This creates gap between the teeth and gum, and builds plaque which later leads to gingivitis. If it is untreated, condition becomes worse and leads to periodontal diseases.

Reduces saliva secretions
Smoking and chewing tobacco reduces saliva secretions in mouth. Saliva helps to remove the debris in mouth to protect from dental diseases. Decrease in the saliva secretions makes the mouth dry and there is bacteria growth which leads to gum problems.

Irritates gum tissue
Chewing tobacco contains toxic chemicals that irritates the gum tissue and therefore receding of gums takes place. Therefore root becomes exposed and becomes sensitive to hot and cold. This in turn leads to infection to gum tissue.

Smoking and chewing tobacco not only increases risk for gum diseases, but is also responsible for dental problems like tooth decay, discoloration of teeth, sensitivity to hot and cold, and oral cancers.

Many of these problems can be cured, but the best way of treatment is quitting smoking and other tobacco related products.
Read the rest of this entry »

Tags: , ,

How Radiation Therapy is Helpful in Oral Cancer

Radiation therapy involves using radiation for curing difficult diseases such as cancer. Radiation therapy involves high energy radiation used to destroy cancer cells. It is effective for treating small tumors where surgery is not required to cure. It is also used in combination with surgery. After surgery, radiation therapy is used to destroy if any cancer cells left in oral cavity. Radiation therapy destroys both normal and cancer cells but normal cells gets repaired by themselves.
Prior to the radiation treatment, CT scanning is done to:

  • Measure the size of tumor to decide the dose of radiation required for treatment.
  • Give the exact position of the the tumor where radiation therapy is needed.

In radiation therapy, the complete dose of radiation is break down into small segments and given in regular intervals. This gives the time to repair normal cells and also prevents discomfort to patient.

Types of radiation therapy
Radiation therapy are classified into following types.

1. Based on the type of radiation given:

  • X-Ray radiation
  • Gamma radiation

2. Based on the position of radiation:

  • Internal radiation
  • External radiation

X-Ray radiation:
In this technique, the source of radiation is X-rays. X-rays are the first form of radiation source. The equipment that produce X-rays as radiations are linear accelerator and betatron. Depending on the amount of energy produced, X-ray radiation is used to destroy cancer tumors. The more energy produced, the deeper will be the penetration of X-rays. This has fewer side effects as the radiation is limited to particular area.

Gamma radiation:
The effect of this radiation is same as x-ray radiation but here gamma rays are used as a source of radiation. In this gamma rays gives radiation spontaneously as they decompose.

Internal radiation:
Internal radiation is also called brachytherapy. It uses radio active materials to deliver radiation directly to the cancer cells. Radio active materials includes tubes or seeds. Radioactive substances are passed into these tubes. In some cases radio active pellets are placed directly on cancer cell. These can be removed after completion of radio therapy.

Prior to this radiation general anesthesia is given to prevent discomfort to patient. Then x-rays are taken to ensure that they are placed in a appropriate position. The advantage of internal radiotherapy is it has less effect on other parts of body as it directly given to tumor.

External radiation:
In this, a beam of radiation is delivered from machine to cancer cells from outside of the body. This is similar to taking x-ray but patient exposed to high radiation. Now a days advanced techniques in external radiations used are 3 dimensional radiation therapy (3-D CRT) and intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT).

Prior to these techniques, CT scanning or MRI scanning was done to locate the cancer position. Then, radiation is sent from various angles to the cancer site. This lowers the effect of radiation on other parts of the body.

Radiation therapy is used alone if the tumor is small and can be cured where surgery is not required. Radiation therapy in combination with surgery to destroy if any cancer cells left out after surgery.
Read the rest of this entry »

Tags: , ,

What is tooth whitening and why is it necessary?

Tooth Whitening is a treatment that is given to the people with stained and with parts discolored. It is not a dental procedure, but is a part of cosmetic treatment. It improves your teeth color and makes them bright. The procedure should be repeated from time to time to if you want to make your teeth look bright all the time.

This treatment is mostly done to the people who have the stained teeth, people who get older will have dark teeth, people who smoke regularly, people who drink tea, coffee and wine. People with white spots on their teeth were also required to take this treatment. Apart from this, there are many other reasons for tooth whitening.

Types of tooth whitening?
Usually there are two procedures of tooth whitening:

1. Dentist supervised teeth whitening and.
2. Self whitening your teeth.

Dentist supervised tooth whitening

  • Here a gum-shield is kept in your mouth and a gel used for whitening your teeth is put on the trays and you will be guided to do it daily.
  • Another whitening product given by doctor to whiten the teeth is, carbamide peroxide or hydrogen peroxide which is called as active ingredient.

Self whitening your teeth
In this procedure, after the doctor’s treatment they will suggest you to apply some gels which is used for whitening for a period of two to four weeks.

How teeth whitening helps you?
This treatment helps your teeth stain free and makes it look good and bright for a long period of time. But there are some side effects during the cold and if there is no proper care taken after the treatment. But these symptoms does not stay longer. If it stays for a long time, you should consult a dentist.

How long the effect of tooth whitening helps your teeth?
After the person is treated with tooth whitening it stays for a long period of time if he is away from smoking and drinking and it varies from person to person and the treatment done.

Precautions to be taken after the treatment

  • Stay away from the smoking and drinking alcohol.
  • Avoid the foods that makes your teeth stain.
  • Foods like sugar contained and drinks must be avoided.
  • Brush your teeth twice a day.
  • Make sure to have a dental check-up at least once a month.

These precautions may help your teeth look bright for a long period of time without any effects and further treatments.
Read the rest of this entry »

Tags: , ,

Oral Health Considerations During Pregnancy

Pregnancy is one of the unique incidents in a woman’s life that accompanies physiological and hormonal changes. This can include changes in respiratory, cardiovascular and gastrointestinal as well as changes in oral cavity, which increases the susceptibility to oral infections. This is why it is important to take care of your health including oral health.
This article discusses some tips that you need to follow during pregnancy.

1) Follow good oral hygiene practice to prevent oral problems
Good oral hygiene such as brushing twice a day or after every meal and flossing at least once a day can help you prevent many dental problems.

Brushing removes plaque (white sticky film) from the teeth and flossing removes tiny leftover food particles from between the teeth. Irregular brushing and flossing will let bacteria in the plaque react with left over food particles and form acid. This acid attacks the teeth. Since changes in oral health are common in pregnancy, you must take extra care.

2) Visiting the dentist regularly
Never skip your dental visits simply because you are pregnant. Regular visits to the dentists is the part of oral hygiene routine. Visiting the dentist regularly help in diagnosing dental problems if any and treating it in its early stage before it requires a complex procedure. Not only you will be diagnosed, but also you will be given guidelines for how to take care of your teeth and gums.

3) Eat tooth friendly diet
Including a plenty of food that is rich in proteins, calcium and vitamins will support your baby’s health and protect your teeth. See to it that you avoid too much of sugary and starchy food, which hastens tooth decay and gum problems.

4) Inform your dentist that you are pregnant
Dental procedures are avoided during first trimester and the second part of third trimester because these are the phases when your baby’s development is critical. This is why it is important for you to inform the dentist about your pregnancy as soon as you know about it. If required, treatment can be done in the second trimester. Meanwhile, pain can be subsided by taking some painkillers that are safe during pregnancy.

5) Tell your dentist about the medications you are taking
When you are at dentist’s office, tell him about the medications you are taking including the vitamins like folic acid. This is important because your dentist needs to alter the treatment plan based on this information.

Pregnancy does need not mean denying good oral hygiene, instead you should take extra care in order to make sure that both you and your unborn enjoy optimal health.
Read the rest of this entry »

Tags: ,

Reasons to Remove Wisdom Tooth

The third molars are also known as wisdom tooth and are the last adult teeth to erupt. Some people are not affected by wisdom tooth eruption while some develop painful conditions that require removing (extracting) of tooth. In this article, we will discuss the reasons to remove wisdom tooth.

Reasons to remove wisdom tooth:

  • If the wisdom tooth is erupting in a wrong, tilted or twisted position.
  • If wisdom tooth does not have enough space or room to emerge and are trapped below the gum line.
  • If the wisdom tooth is pushing the front tooth (second molars) and causing pain.
  • The erupted wisdom tooth that has already erupted lacks good oral hygiene as it is difficult to reach the last tooth/teeth resulting in tooth decay.
  • The chance of complications necessitating removal of wisdom teeth increases with age.
  • In very rare condition, the impacted wisdom tooth develops cysts. Removal of such cysts require complicated and extensive procedures.
  • Wisdom tooth sometimes may contribute to crowding of front/nearby teeth.
  • Even if the wisdom tooth appears to be problem free, it remains a breeding ground for the oral infection and inflammation due to lack of proper cleaning. According to research, such infection can contribute to the development of various disease including cardiovascular and stroke.

It is clear that wisdom tooth has erupted even without causing pain but can later cause a problem due to improper oral hygiene. Wisdom tooth removal at an early age is, therefore, associated with fast and easy recovery.

Read the rest of this entry »

Tags: ,

Tips to Help Your Child Overcome Fear of Dentist

Fear of dentist is anticipated in children when visiting for first time. With several pointy instruments and unfamiliar noises, how could child not be puzzled and afraid? Dental visit can make your child cripple, but this does not mean that you should avoid visiting the dentist. This can make your child’s fear even more worst. In addition, skipping regular dental visits can turn minor problems in to major ones that might require treatment that is more painful.
To help your child overcome dental phobia, here are few tips that will make your next dental visit a pleasant one.

Start early
The earlier children visit the dentist, the better they will feel. Dentist recommends having their first dental visit as soon as your child first tooth erupts. More than anything, this will help your child to become familiar with the dentist and feel comfortable in dental office environment.

Stay with your child
Stay close to your child during dental checkup. This will help him/her keeping calm. It is better to ask the dentist whether you can hold your child’s hand or can make him/her sit on your lap for dental examination. After few visits, you can encourage your child to be strong big boy/girl who does not need your help. This will help your child develop confidence and inner strength.

Keep talking about importance of good oral hygiene
Regularly talk about importance of oral hygiene and visiting the dentist. Keep explaining how dentist will keep your teeth protected from cavities. As you talk more often, it will seem normal to visit the dental office for checkup. After the dental visit, ask your child about what he liked and what he did not. This will help build more confidence.

Dr. Haugseth explains “ A no-nonsense attitude from the parents will set the stage for what the child should expect to achieve excellent oral health.”

Avoid scary words
When talking to your child about visiting the dentist, avoid using words like “hurt”, “pain” or “injection”. This will only make the matter worse. Your child will become more anxious and afraid. Experts in this field advise using positive words like “clean”, “healthy” and “strong teeth”.

Try making it a fun
This is the most important thing. Make the dental visit a fun experience instead of something unpleasant. Moreover, a good family dentist provides fun atmosphere for kids of all ages.
Dental fear in children is quite normal. As a parent, you can use the above tips as tools for preparing your child and making every visit a good experience.
Read the rest of this entry »

Tags:

Tips to Improve Dental Health after Dental Surgery

After undergoing dental surgery, it may not be pleasant for you – pain in teeth or jawbones, swollen gums, bleeding teeth are common after a dental surgery. But if you take enough care, the pain and wounds heal quickly. During this period, it is crucial to maintain an infection free environment in the mouth because, it is not possible to provide a sterilized condition there.

In this article, we will tell you some tips to follow for maintaining oral health after undergoing a dental procedure.

Avoid rinsing for the first 24 hours of dental surgery
After having undergone dental procedure, avoid rinsing your mouth for at least 24 hours. Next day, add ½ teaspoon common salt to a cup of lukewarm water. Take a little water into mouth and gently move your head to allow water to run around in the mouth. Rinse four to six times a day for removing germs.

Avoid noisy rinsing, it may hurt gums where surgery was performed. Stay away form eating stored foods, having alcohol and tobacco for at least two weeks.

If you had root canal treatment or gum graft, avoid using a brush for at least one week. To get rid of bad breath, soak a sterilized cloth in salt-water and gently clean around teeth. Avoid touching jawbones where surgery was performed. If you touch it, it may cause infection and the surgical procedure done may fail.

Avoid opening the mouth forcibly
After dental surgery, your jawbones tend to become stiff and unpleasant because, dental procedure makes your mouth to open wide for long hours. This makes hard to open mouth even for a week.

To cure this difficulty (in opening mouth), massage gently on the face and around the jawbones using a moist cloth. Forcing your mouth to open wide will not help.

Avoid chewing on the wound
The dentist may cover your tooth with gauze pad to stop bleeding from the portion where surgery was done. You need to remain calm for at least an hour, take rest and keep your head raised to stop excess bleeding. Since you do not make any movement in the oral cavity, saliva and blood get mixed up and it gives you an appearance of bleeding. During this period, avoid chewing on the gauze pad or on the wounded portion, no matter how much it irritates you. When your gums are bleeding, avoid hard and chewy foods.

Avoid applying heat near the swollen area
Dental surgery may cause swelling near wounded portion. This swelling may remain for at least a week depending on the extent of surgery. The swollen jaw muscle gives you unusual facial appearance and this might tempt you to apply heat to reduce the swollen area.

But in reality, applying massage with hot material tends to increase blood flow, which in turn increases swelling. Massage gently around the jaw muscles on the face. Give cold massage using an ice cube in a piece of cloth or towel for 10 minutes and repeat the process for every hour. This helps you restore jaw muscles rather than increasing swelling.

Take soft food – rich in protein and vitamins
To aid healing of wounds, your diet should include soft foods that are rich in proteins and vitamins. The soft food sources include milk products, eggs, bananas, fruit juices, etc. Have vitamin supplements like vitamin C, which helps heal wounds. Have multi-vitamin pills, at least once a day. Try to chew and take in food from opposite side of wounds. If you allow food on wounded region it could lead to growth of germs around the wound. Rinse your mouth with lukewarm salt-water.

Avoid placing finger or other objects on teeth
Avoid using fingers, tongue, cheek, or other objects on teeth, even if it irritates you after dental surgery. Frequent touching with fingers could cause infection around the wound. To clean near the wounded region, use sterilized cloth. Replace the cloth for every use.

Ensure to get checked by qualified dentists. This will help you improve the over-all oral health condition with fewer complications.

Tags: ,