Posts Tagged Automotive

Major Car Leasing Mistakes to Avoid

Leasing a car is good idea. But, people usually make a few mistakes, while leasing. To make you aware what you need to do while leasing a car, and what you need to avoid, read this article. If you are planning to lease a car, this article will help you. Let us know the common mistake that are to be avoided, while leasing a car.

Paying more in advance
People may feel that it is good pay more money upfront thinking that monthly payments will be less, but it is not advisable. The reason for this is if the vehicle is stolen or wrecked, it brings a problem for you and not the leasing company. Some leasing companies may not reimburse your money even when the insurance pays off for the car. The upfront payment can be negotiated. So, don’t be exited to pay in advance.

Not setting limits
Any leased car will have certain limits that shouldn’t be crossed. In general, every car that is leased will have a mileage limit; and some contracts will also specify the number of miles that a person should drive in a year. So, the person who leases the car shouldn’t cross that mileage limit. If you exceed that limit, you may have to pay more for each mile that you travel. So, better remember this factor.

Neglecting or forgetting the GAP insurance
Every car whether owned or leased needs the insurance. However, some leasing companies in order to keep the premiums low, they forgo the GAP insurance, which is very important especially for leased automobiles. If you neglect considering GAP insurance while leasing the car, you have to pay a lot from your end, later. So, to avoid such a problem, make sure to check whether the car has GAP insurance.

No proper maintenance
Knowingly or unknowingly, if a damage is made to the car beyond the normal wear or tear, the driver needs to pay the extra charges to the leasing company. But, if it is small damage, some companies will treat it as normal thing. If the damage is big and if you made it repaired then some companies will not charge you for the damage, as it is repaired. Otherwise, you may have to pay a lot for the damage done. So, to avoid all these problems, better maintain it properly.

Extending the lease period
This is not a good idea – because, the car and the model may become old, may not be in good condition, making you pay for the maintenance. So, it is better lease another car based on your requirements with good features.

Avoid these mistakes and enjoy the benefits of your leased car until the end of the lease period.
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How to Change Brake Pads of Your Car

The brake pads are one of the important components in vehicle’s braking system. These components are responsible for stopping the vehicle when you press the brake paddle brakes. It is very important to understand how to replace the brake pads.
Changing brake pads of your car is very easy option than taking your car/vehicle to the mechanic. which result to an expensive charge. Now let us discuss steps to be followed to replace brake pads of your car.

How to replace brake pads of your car/ vehicle

  • Firstly go through your owners manual to know which type of brake pads to be purchased and which suits your car model.
  • Park your vehicle/car in a safe place and turn off the ignition system.
  • Make sure that the vehicle is cooled down.
  • Before unscrewing the wheel nuts make sure the car/ vehicle brake pads are cooled down and safe to touch them.
  • Bring all the necessary equipments
    • Make sure that all the necessary equipments like screw jack,lug nut wrench and new brake pads are around the wheel for ease access
    • Now lift the car above the ground level by using screw jack
  • Loose the lug nuts which are present on the wheel
    • By using the lug wrench loosen each of the lug nuts that hold the wheels of your car.
    • Don’t loosen all the tires at once only loosen the required replacement brake pads.
    • Normally we will change eitherthe two front pads or the two back pads depending upon the car and the brake pads condition. So select which brake pads to be replacae either start with the front or the back brake pads.
  • Remove the wheels from the wheel cabine
    • After Finish loosening remove the lug nuts.
    • Pull the wheel straight out towards you from the wheel cabine.
    • If the wheel rims are made of alloy and on studs clean the studs, stud holes, rotor mounting surface, and the rear mounting surface of the alloy wheel
    • Now apply anti seize compound before refitting the wheel.
  • Carefully Remove the caliper with a small piece of wire to the wheel
    • After removing the caliper bolts from the wheel cabine.
    • The caliper will still connected to the brake line, so hang it up with a small piece of wire hanger so that it won’t hang and put some amount of pressure on the brake hose.
  • Remove the cap from the brake master cylinder
    • Brake fluid will be contaminated with dirt and other abrasive particle from the air.
    • The brake fluid will also absorb moisture from the air, dangerously lowering its boiling point. You must bleed the brake fluid from the system before changing your pads and calipers.
    • Leave the cap off while you bleed the system.
    • Inspect the sequence of bleeding.
    • Fit a small plastic hose to the bleeder nipple.
  • Double check the brake system for air bubbles
    • With the engine in off condition continually pump the brakes until they experience resistanc.
    • While compressing the brake pedal results in the fluid gurgling in the master cylinder.
    • There are still air bubbles in the system. Start bleeding them again.
  • Remove the old pads
    • Note how each brake pads are attached to the wheel cabine .the brake pads are typically snap with attached metal clips.
    • Remove both pads, They may required a little force to remove so take care not to damage the caliper or brake line while removing them out.
  • Put the new pads on to the brake cabine
    • Put the new pads on to the brake cabine and spread anti-seize lubricant on the metal contact edges till the back of the pads.
    • It prevent squeaking do not get any lubricant onto the inside of the brake pads.
  • Check the brake fluid
    • Re connect the brake fluid reservoir cap when finished.
    • Reconnec the caliper to the wheel cabine again.
  • Put the wheel back to it’s position
    • Put the wheel back to it’s position – slide the wheel back into place and tighten each of the lug nuts before lowering the car.
  • Tighten the lug nuts
    • When the car is back on the ground, tighten the lug nuts.
    • Tighten one lug nuts until each nut is fully tightened to torque specification in the owners manual.
  • Start the vehicle
    • Making sure the vehicle is in neutral and press the brakes for about 15 to 20 times to make sure that the brake pads are seated correctly.

After tightening all the components start your vehicle/car at test your brake pads at different speed intervals.
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Symptoms of Failure of Fuel Filter and How to Replace a Faulty Filter

What is a fuel filter?
Air filter are used to prevent the dirt entering into the engine. It separates the abrasive particles entering into the combustion system.

A blocked air filter can lower your car’s fuel efficiency. Regular driving on a dirty filter can cause quick clogging in your air filters. Regular cleaning of your air filters in car can improve your car performance.

The fuel filter is situated within the fuel lines that draw gasoline from the fuel tank to the carburetor/fuel injectors. A good clean fuel filter can save you repair time/costs on your carburetor/fuel injectors because it will ensure that no rust, dirt makes it to these systems.

Where is fuel filter located in your vehicle?

  • The fuel filter is located inside of the frame rail, away from the gas tank.
  • Your car’s fuel filter can be located anywhere along the fuel line, it could be at the gas tank, or under the hood near the engine.
  • The fuel filter is a little silver canister, about 3-4 inch long and about 1.5-2 inch in diameter depending on the model/make of vehicle.
  • In some vehicles, the fuel filter is a part of the fuel pump inside the gas tank.

In this article, we discuss the symptoms of failure of fuel filter and how to replace the fuel filter

Symptoms of failure of fuel filter

  • Vehicle stops
    • One of the signs of failure of fuel filter/clogging of fuel filter is the engine shuts down during use.
    • When a car starts, it doesn’t need huge amount of fuel to run, but when the vehicle speeds up, the more fuel is required within a short period of time.
    • If the flow of fuel to the engine is obstructed by the fuel filter due too clogging.
    • The clogging of fuel in the fuel filter can cause a vehicle to shut off while running.
    • Shut downs can occur on highways or in any other conditions. Stalling of vehicle can also occur with periodically stopping and starting the car.
  • Reduced speed of vehicle in highways
    • The engine will begin to miss at high speed because the fuel filter is blocked with abrasive particles and they are not allowing adequate fuel flow to the engine.
    • Some times the engine will halt for a few minutes and we can often come across this type of problem when the spark plug is in bad condition.
  • Loss of power
    • Due to decreased fuel intake as a result of a clogged fuel filter, engine combustion is greatly reduced.
    • As a result, you can notice loss of power in your ca/vehicle because the bad condition of the fuel filter is arresting the normal engine performance.

How to replace the fuel filter

  • The fuel line connects with fuel filter at the the intake side and the outside of fuel tank.
  • Your car’s fuel filter can be located anywhere along the fuel line, it could be at the gas tank, or under the hood near the engine.
  • After locating the filter, you should relieve the pressure in the fuel line.
  • Otherwise, fuel will spray everywhere.
  • Relieve the fuel pressure by removing the fuse from the fuel pump and the engine until it halt.
  • Disconnect the negative terminal of battery to eliminate the chance of a spark igniting.
  • Inspect the fuel filter. Make sure to pay special attention to any washers on the connection assembly.
  • While the replacement fuel filter will typically come with new connecting hardware, you’ll need to know how everything fits together when you install the new filter.
  • Take brand new fuel filter and fix it to the fuel lines and the fuel tank.
  • After attaching, make sure that all the connections are properly fitted.
  • Now reconnect the negative terminal of the car battery and all other required connections.
  • Start the car and look for ant fuel leakage from the fuel lines and also check for the fuel supply.

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Why Throttle Body of Your Car Needs Cleaning and How to do it?

Throttle body is an important part of your car. It helps in managing the air intake which increases or decreases the engine power of the car. People mostly neglect the throttle body cleaning because of which it leads to delay in the response of the throttle, wavering idle, hard gas pedal, etc. To avoid this you should clean it and the procedure of cleaning is very simple.

The main purpose of the throttle body cleaning is to control the amount of air intake with the help of throttle control plate and also to avoid carbon build up on the inner side. Throttle body cleaning procedure is given in a step by step procedure. See it and clean it regularly to avoid problems like bad idling and stalling power.

Steps for throttle body cleaning
Gather the tools needed: Take all the tools and materials that are needed to clean your throttle body of your car like choke cleaner, paper towels, screwdriver, tooth brush, etc. Once you collect or gather all the tools locate your throttle body by seeing the air intake. It is usually located in between the air filter and the intake manifold and usually attached to the mass airflow sensor.

Inspect the throttle body: Once you locate the throttle body take the air filter out and inspect it on the both sides. If it is dirty clean it or else change it as it effects the performance of the car.

Expose the throttle body: After cleaning the air filter now unscrew the air hose connected to the throttle body with the help of the screwdriver. Once you unscrew, the throttle body will be exposed and usually it will be in a charcoal color with small hole inside called as IAC (Idle Air Control Valve). If it is dirty clean this also.

Start cleaning the throttle: Know spray the cleaner into your throttle body and clean it with the help of a tooth brush to remove the junk and also wipe away with the paper towel or cloth that you have chosen to clean the throttle and also clean the valve that is on top of the throttle.

Then, find out the opening of the throttle and clean it with the cleaner as much as possible. Know reattach all the parts back and start the car. At first it may be trouble for you to start the car after you cleaned it but, start running it to remove the excess cleaner that remained in the throttle. With this, the process is completed.
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The Effects of Old Age on Driving

Old is an imminent stage of life. The old age takes a toll on the physical and mental capabilities of a person. The body loses its vigor and strength. Moreover the nervous system becomes less active to stimulus and creating a reflex. Hence in old age person tends to loose his alertness levels and speed of reflexes. Somewhere he also loses his ability to take prompt and correct decision. All these limitations limit the driving capabilities of a driver. Hence drivers should be even more cautious in their old age than they were in their youth.

The effects of old age
The body loses its capabilities drastically as the old age falls in. This is particularly marked with poor vision, poor audible reception, slow reflexes and ability to think and judge properly. All these parameters are considered to be of utmost importance for driving skills. Also the old experience fatigue very much early than their young counterparts. They observe neck, knee and shoulder pains after small durations of drive. Leg pains incurred due to sitting in a single position for few minutes can hamper their ability to apply brakes. All these can distract the attention of the driver off the road leading to a possible mishap. It is obvious that at the old age body looses its ability to bear stress and hence is not for driving in many ways.

Things to remember
Considering so many physical shortcomings, old age people should follow certain regime so that his shortcomings will not affect his driving skills.

  • The old people who wish to keep driving should go for regular checkups and get themselves checked for vision, hearing and motor reflexes.
  • They should also make attempts to learn defensive driving which is an art of driving making correct decisions regardless of the mistakes done by others in order to save life, time and money.
  • If they are undergoing any medication, they should ensure that they take it before going for a drive. Having any medical emergency conditions in middle of driving can be very fatal for both the driver and other people on road.
  • If the old person feels that he is tired during driving, he should stop his vehicle at somewhere safe and rest for a while before going for a drive again.
  • They should hire a driver or use a public transport if going on long journeys.
  • There are many safe cars coming in the market loaded with safety features. Though they are expensive but provides best safety features.

The old people should quit being stubborn and accept the fact that it is not safe for them to drive after reaching a certain age which differs from person to person. It is in the benefit of both the old age person and other fellow people driving or commuting on the roads.
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Benefits of Buying a New Car Vs Used Car

Are you confused whether to purchase a new car or a used car? It is better to purchase a new car that will give you more benefits when compared to used car. Some of the benefits that you will get by buying a new car are stated below.

Usually new car will have more warranties than used car. But the thing is new car will have extra warranties that are not paid. Whereas, if the customer wants to purchase a used car with extra warranties they have to pay for the warranties. So, with new car you can save money through warranties.

More fuel efficiency
Cars that are manufactured recently are more fuel efficient than used cars. They save fuel economy of people. The old car as it is used it won’t give much fuel efficiency when compared to the new one. The mileage that comes with the old car is also very less compared to the new one. So, if you are looking for a car with more fuel efficiency then better to go for a new car.

Safety is another feature that comes with new cars today. The new cars have more safety features than the old cars. The new cars have features like autonomous braking, adaptive cruise control, reverse backup sensors, etc. Some of the safety features are really very important for your safety while traveling.

Latest design
If you look for the design of the car then the new cars will come with different designs that you want. The used cars, as they are old model will not come with latest designs. New cars will not only have latest design but also latest technology implemented in it.

Maintaining a new car is easy as it has many features that will bring less maintenance cost when compared to the used ones. It also depends on the driving habits of the people. Used car needs more maintenance and the cost for maintaining also will be more.

More reliability
The reliability of the new car will be more, it won’t create any issues like break down of the car in the middle of driving. But, the used car may come with several issues that will impact the reliability of the car.

Resale value
The resale value of the car will sometimes be more and sometimes be less. It completely depends on the maintenance of the car whether it may be new or old. But, the benefit with the new car is, as it is having more features the resale value will be more even with less maintenance.
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Things to Look at When You Purchase a Used Car

Are you going for the purchase of the old or used car? Then, you must check for the following things carefully before you buy the used car. This will give you some confidence in purchasing the car.

Look at the car carefully
First, you must check the car carefully the inside and outside – from small scratches to major repairs in the car. Some car sellers may cover up those things cleverly. Therefore, you should magnify each part of the car carefully both inside and outside parts.

Research the prices in the market for used car
Before you buy a car, you may not have an idea at what price you should purchase one. Therefore, you should research the market thoroughly so hat there will be no chance for you to get the vehicle at a higher price than you wanted.

Research ratings and reviews of the car model
Make sure to research the ratings and reviews of the car model. It’ll help you know the model of the car is used today, because the car may be so old model that you may not know, and check for the ratings of the customers. They know the features and functions of the car as they used it.

Take the help of a mechanic
With the help of the mechanic, check the car carefully especially the car engine, air conditioning, driving portion, etc. These parts are technical and you may not be aware of those automobile parts. The mechanic will help you and find out if something is not really correct and intimates you. This is the important thing that you must do.

Test drive
Once you are done with the research, and fine with the condition of the car you can go for the test drive. For this, you should take the permission of the owner of the car.

Check the vehicle documents and history
Finally, if you are interested to buy, check the car – check all the documents and the history of the ca carefully. After the check, if you have any doubts make them clear. Now, you can make a deal with the owner of the car with the price you have asked.

Following these tips will help judge the quality of the car.
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How to Maintain Braking System of Your Car?

Automobiles are all interconnected parts in a system but we should maintain it to keep it running efficiently and smoothly. The braking system is an active and important component of your car. If your car doesn’t have a good braking system, you and your co-passengers are likely to be in danger. A braking system is a combination of mechanical, electronic and hydraulically activated components, which uses heat or friction to stop a moving vehicle.

A poor braking system in a car is danger to the passengers inside the car
Poor braking performance is given by worn out brakes. The brakes when applied in a car will resist the the movement of the tyres by friction, and the tyres will come to null motion. Check the power of braking of all the four wheels with a brake meter or brake tester. Rust formed on brake linings can cause the braking system to fail. In order to avoid these inspect the linings regularly.

To stop a car, the braking system should be maintained properly
You are allowed to stop your car by pressing the brakes inside, therefore maintenance of brakes are very important. Get your brakes checked annually by a professional and know the signs of wear like delay in response while pushing the brake pedal and your car showing brake lights on the dashboard or making loud sounds. In case of a brake failure, use parking brake or change to lower gear and turn off the engine.

Vibrations in brakes must be taken care of
Grinding on rotors or unusual vibrations in brakes is indicative of a poor braking system and it needs replacement as soon as possible. If there is squealing noise emitted. it is a warning that your brakes are worn out and need replacement. Overheated brake pads and rotors sometimes get rusted and form a lining on the brakes thereby causing squeaking sound.

Use brake fluid for your car
The brake fluid in your car must be full. Use brake fluid mentioned in owner’s manual for your vehicle. Check the level of brake fluid in the reservoir, if it’s low then top off with correct brake fluid. When the brakes fail in your car then it means that the brake fluid has gone down.

If there is a steep decrease in brake fluid level, it might be due to leakage or any other issue in the braking system. If there is a leakage of brake fluid, the brake’s master cylinder will allow air into the system by creating low pedaling and finally results in failure of braking system. Replace the brake fluid after every two years or 50,000 miles, whichever is earlier.
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How the Parts of an Engine Lubrication System Work

The lubrication system in an engine performs the function of reducing wear and tear and ensuring smooth functioning of the moving parts of the engine.

Why is a lubrication system needed?
When different working components, for example, parts of an engine move while working, they constantly rub against each other. A direct consequence of this is wear and tear of these parts. Other consequences are performance speed and noise. Imagine a number of strong metal parts inside an engine rubbing against each other continuously at high speed. They create a lot of noise. Apart from the noise, since there is friction, which in other words is resistance, a lot of energy is wasted on the extra effort needed in the working of these moving parts.

What a lubrication system does
An engine lubrication system performs three important functions

Lubrication oil decreases engine wear by occupying the space in between the moving components like bearings shafts etc. Thus, the moving parts of the engine do not come into contact directly, but move on a layer of lubricating oil between them. This saves a lot of power in the engine system as a whole.

When engine parts move, they produce heat due to friction. This heat has to be removed for proper functioning of the engine. The lubricant oil receives this heat and goes back to the oil pan where it is cooled. Some engines also spray oil on the back of the piston, which thus cools it.

The oil seals the area between the walls of the cylinder and piston rings. This reduces the leakage of gases from the combustion cylinder of the engine

Parts of an engine lubrication system

  • Oil Pump: The gear type of oil pump has a pair of gears. The space between the gears are filled with oil. This oil pump sends oil through the filters to the main bearings and other parts. Main bearings and rod bearings are lubricated enough to perform their functions in an adequate manner. In the rotor oil pump type, there is an inner and outer rotor. As the inner rotor is driven, it drives the outer rotor, forming gaps in between them for the oil to pass through. As the oil which enters the rotors is already is under pressure, it is forced into the outlet.
  • Oil Pan: Oil also flows through the grilled holes and flows into the cylinder head lubricating the galleries, it then returns to the oil pan from where it was taken.
  • Oil Cooler: Oil cooler is a system which prevents excess-heating of lubricant oil. For this, oil is circulated through lines that carry hot oil.

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Things to Know About an Emergency Brake

When you are learning to drive, you will have some idea about almost all the components and controls that are directly involved in the working of a car. This may include, the steering mechanism, acceleration, transmission and braking. When you finish learning and become a driver, these separate mechanisms will simply function in your mind as a single unit through intuition. But, there is a component that does not easily fit into your driving intuition without exclusive study and thought about it. It is the emergency braking system in a car. It is different in functionality than other mechanisms of a vehicle because, it technically overrides the braking system in the car and has the lowest regard for the nature and the possible processes the other working components may be in. In other words, the emergency brake, does not ‘work’ with the vehicle as a whole, but stands alone only to be used in emergency situations. So, a little care needs to be taken in selectively learning how an emergency brake works and how to handle it in different situations.

Facts to keep in mind about an emergency braking system:

  • Using the emergency brake other than emergency situations will severely damage the braking system. So, if it happens, check your brake discs and other parts of the braking system to make sure everything is fine.
  • The emergency brake can be used as a parking brake. While parking in an uphill position, make sure to activate your parking brake.
  • In automatic transmission vehicles, it is better to set the emergency brake before you release the service brake pedal. This will help to keep the vehicle’s weight off the transmission gears.
  • It is possible that one can forget that the emergency brake is on. To avoid riding off with the emergency brake on, tighten it as hard as possible.
  • In some vehicles, the emergency brakes engage the front wheels and not the back. So, before using an emergency brake, make sure the kind of mechanism that is involved.
  • Always remember, using an emergency brake in a brake failure, is not a perfectly safe option. It is only a counter-measure, and a last resort to stop the vehicle.
  • To use the emergency brake in a brake failure while riding, one should have a deep understanding of car dynamics, road conditions and a quick grasp of the surrounding. Because, as much as an emergency brake can stop the car, at high speeds, it may fishtail, lockup or skid making you lose all control of it.
  • It is best to keep the emergency brake under check always. This is because, brake wires might disengage in case of rusting. This is dangerous as it happens unexpectedly, and when you need it the most.

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