Archive for category Social Living

Skills Required to Learn a Language

If you want to learn a language then you must have certain skills. Without these skills you can’t learn a language. The most important skills required to learn a language are:

To listen carefully
Listening is the first and foremost thing that you have to do while learning a language. A language learner must and should have this skill. Without this skill you can’t even learn a single word. Listening helps you in learning.

Making a note of the speech
Try to make a note when you are listening to the speech or the lesson of your lecture along with the sounds they pronounce. This will help you when you are learning a language.

Reading quiet often
Reading repeatedly will help you understand the thing carefully, improves your language accent and helps in memorizing what you have learned.

Writing until you get
Writing is the best way to memorize what you have learned. Writing will make you learn the spelling of the word and also the manuscript of the language. If you are learning a new thing it is important to do it regularly until you get it. So, practice everyday to get it correct.

Ability to pronounce
You must have the ability to pronounce the words as it is. Some of the ways to practice pronunciation are, take a sentence that contains different sounds other than the sounds that you know and practice it more times, try singing along with the music of the language that you are learning. This will help you a lot to learn the pronunciation.

Speaking accurately
Once you have done with all these things try to speak to the people who are natives of that particular language that you learn because there are chances that people may correct your words when you speak wrong. This makes your speaking accurate.

Interact with people
Talk to many people, attend seminars of the language you are learning because different people will have different opinions and they will share them through meeting and their accent also will be different. Try to grab this and utilize them when you are learning.
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Things to Look at When You Purchase a Used Car

Are you going for the purchase of the old or used car? Then, you must check for the following things carefully before you buy the used car. This will give you some confidence in purchasing the car.

Look at the car carefully
First, you must check the car carefully the inside and outside – from small scratches to major repairs in the car. Some car sellers may cover up those things cleverly. Therefore, you should magnify each part of the car carefully both inside and outside parts.

Research the prices in the market for used car
Before you buy a car, you may not have an idea at what price you should purchase one. Therefore, you should research the market thoroughly so hat there will be no chance for you to get the vehicle at a higher price than you wanted.

Research ratings and reviews of the car model
Make sure to research the ratings and reviews of the car model. It’ll help you know the model of the car is used today, because the car may be so old model that you may not know, and check for the ratings of the customers. They know the features and functions of the car as they used it.

Take the help of a mechanic
With the help of the mechanic, check the car carefully especially the car engine, air conditioning, driving portion, etc. These parts are technical and you may not be aware of those automobile parts. The mechanic will help you and find out if something is not really correct and intimates you. This is the important thing that you must do.

Test drive
Once you are done with the research, and fine with the condition of the car you can go for the test drive. For this, you should take the permission of the owner of the car.

Check the vehicle documents and history
Finally, if you are interested to buy, check the car – check all the documents and the history of the ca carefully. After the check, if you have any doubts make them clear. Now, you can make a deal with the owner of the car with the price you have asked.

Following these tips will help judge the quality of the car.
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How to Read and Write a Foreign Language

The first thing to do before reading and writing a foreign language is to understand the language. It is important that you attain good levels of speaking a language with a good accent. The art of writing and reading can be easily mastered if approached in a systematic way. It may not be the conventional way of learning a language, but it is a lot more faster and effective way to learn one.

  • Get an accent and learn simple grammar: You have to get an accent in that language and learn how to frame correct sentences. You can hire a tutor online or in your locality to help yourself out. This is your foundation stone for learning good writing and reading skills later.
  • Get a bestseller book and hire a good tutor: When coming to achieve writing and reading skills of a language, it goes without saying that you need to have good commands over the grammar skills of the language. So you can start with buying a good dictionary and a book that will enlighten you with the grammar of the language. These skills are something that require proper guidance from a skilled person.
  • Start simply: It’s time to start. Start with a gentle pace. It’s tough and human nature to be resistant to change and new things. Start gently with a normal pace and gain in the span of time. Start with simple things after learning alphabets. Start with simple everyday words and cognates. Learn how to write good amount of simple words. Now that you have ample number of words in your mind, try to connect them logically to frame some meaningful sentences.
  • Read literature: Now that you can write simple sentences, focus on reading the language. Subscribe to a newspaper and try to give it a good reading everyday. Keep a dictionary beside you for tough words. This way you will improve both your vocabulary and reading skills. Alternately you can go for reading blogs and other interesting material available on internet in that language.
  • Adopt intuitive learning: Instead of waiting for the things to come to your mind, go for a hunt by yourself. You already have good knowledge of grammar by now and you also have speaking skills. Taking all these things into consideration, you can logically connect the dots based on your intuition. This way you can reach the profound depths of the language by adopting some logic and intuition in your learning process.
  • Learn further grammar and go for writing: You have appreciable knowledge of grammar and know reading. You can frame good sentences also. Practice writing as much as you cam. Start from simple to complex sentences. To enhance your writing skills, keep gaining good knowledge of grammar in your process. Combining both these aspects, you will master the writing skills at good ease over a short period of time.
  • Practice, practice and practice : This is the key for learning. The more you practice, the better you will be. Do not give up your endeavors and keep striving. Success will embrace you in the end with perfection. This has been the key for all the people who has achieved greatness in their life.

A final note
Make short term smart goals. This means that the goals should be realistic and achievable. Work towards them with dedication. Achieving them will give you confidence and zeal to learn further. At any stage during your learning, do not try to overburden yourself with unrealistic goals. Always stay optimistic and never give up.
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How to Maintain Braking System of Your Car?

Automobiles are all interconnected parts in a system but we should maintain it to keep it running efficiently and smoothly. The braking system is an active and important component of your car. If your car doesn’t have a good braking system, you and your co-passengers are likely to be in danger. A braking system is a combination of mechanical, electronic and hydraulically activated components, which uses heat or friction to stop a moving vehicle.

A poor braking system in a car is danger to the passengers inside the car
Poor braking performance is given by worn out brakes. The brakes when applied in a car will resist the the movement of the tyres by friction, and the tyres will come to null motion. Check the power of braking of all the four wheels with a brake meter or brake tester. Rust formed on brake linings can cause the braking system to fail. In order to avoid these inspect the linings regularly.

To stop a car, the braking system should be maintained properly
You are allowed to stop your car by pressing the brakes inside, therefore maintenance of brakes are very important. Get your brakes checked annually by a professional and know the signs of wear like delay in response while pushing the brake pedal and your car showing brake lights on the dashboard or making loud sounds. In case of a brake failure, use parking brake or change to lower gear and turn off the engine.

Vibrations in brakes must be taken care of
Grinding on rotors or unusual vibrations in brakes is indicative of a poor braking system and it needs replacement as soon as possible. If there is squealing noise emitted. it is a warning that your brakes are worn out and need replacement. Overheated brake pads and rotors sometimes get rusted and form a lining on the brakes thereby causing squeaking sound.

Use brake fluid for your car
The brake fluid in your car must be full. Use brake fluid mentioned in owner’s manual for your vehicle. Check the level of brake fluid in the reservoir, if it’s low then top off with correct brake fluid. When the brakes fail in your car then it means that the brake fluid has gone down.

If there is a steep decrease in brake fluid level, it might be due to leakage or any other issue in the braking system. If there is a leakage of brake fluid, the brake’s master cylinder will allow air into the system by creating low pedaling and finally results in failure of braking system. Replace the brake fluid after every two years or 50,000 miles, whichever is earlier.
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Things to Know About an Emergency Brake

When you are learning to drive, you will have some idea about almost all the components and controls that are directly involved in the working of a car. This may include, the steering mechanism, acceleration, transmission and braking. When you finish learning and become a driver, these separate mechanisms will simply function in your mind as a single unit through intuition. But, there is a component that does not easily fit into your driving intuition without exclusive study and thought about it. It is the emergency braking system in a car. It is different in functionality than other mechanisms of a vehicle because, it technically overrides the braking system in the car and has the lowest regard for the nature and the possible processes the other working components may be in. In other words, the emergency brake, does not ‘work’ with the vehicle as a whole, but stands alone only to be used in emergency situations. So, a little care needs to be taken in selectively learning how an emergency brake works and how to handle it in different situations.

Facts to keep in mind about an emergency braking system:

  • Using the emergency brake other than emergency situations will severely damage the braking system. So, if it happens, check your brake discs and other parts of the braking system to make sure everything is fine.
  • The emergency brake can be used as a parking brake. While parking in an uphill position, make sure to activate your parking brake.
  • In automatic transmission vehicles, it is better to set the emergency brake before you release the service brake pedal. This will help to keep the vehicle’s weight off the transmission gears.
  • It is possible that one can forget that the emergency brake is on. To avoid riding off with the emergency brake on, tighten it as hard as possible.
  • In some vehicles, the emergency brakes engage the front wheels and not the back. So, before using an emergency brake, make sure the kind of mechanism that is involved.
  • Always remember, using an emergency brake in a brake failure, is not a perfectly safe option. It is only a counter-measure, and a last resort to stop the vehicle.
  • To use the emergency brake in a brake failure while riding, one should have a deep understanding of car dynamics, road conditions and a quick grasp of the surrounding. Because, as much as an emergency brake can stop the car, at high speeds, it may fishtail, lockup or skid making you lose all control of it.
  • It is best to keep the emergency brake under check always. This is because, brake wires might disengage in case of rusting. This is dangerous as it happens unexpectedly, and when you need it the most.

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Uses of Electronic Devices in Vehicles and its Effects

The meaning of electronic device is, a hand-held telephone or electronic device that will receive text based messages.

Prohibited use of electronic devices while driving:

  • In many countries the use of electronic devices is prohibited while driving.
  • The driver of the car should not communicate, operate or hold electronic-devices.
  • Should not send text messages.
  • Person caught while using his cell phone or electronic device in car will be punished or he must pay the penalty as per the rules.
  • Usage of electronic devices while driving may lead to accidents.
  • Playing games and attending the calls is a crime and leads to violation penalties.
  • Person who is not having minimum age of 18 years should not operate the vehicle while using the electronic devices
  • The persons caught using their electronic devices while driving will lead to serious problems like, license cancellation, penalties, etc., as per the rules and regulations of law.

Exempted situations that a person can use the electronic device while driving:

  • Person driving ambulance, a fire service personnel and peace officers are exempted from this case.
  • In emergency situations like need of ambulance or medical care or police help you can make use of phone or mobile.
  • If the person uses electronic device that is attached to the surface of the car then there is no problem.
  • While using emergency vehicle the person can operate his electronic devices.
  • The prohibition is not applied if the driver is parked safely and when the driver makes the calls to emergency numbers.

Uses of electronic devices in car:

  • Used for communicating with the person in emergency situations
  • You can operate one or more devices at a time
  • It is preferable to use them if you have the capacity of multi-tasking
  • Hand-free electronic devices can be used safely while driving

Electronic devices in car benefits in only few situations. It is said that as per the recent studies the distractions are occurred due to the electronic devices like usage of cell phone or mobile phone.

As said above the unnecessary usage of electronic devices will lead to illegal acts and will be punished as per the rules. So, it is better to know the rules and follow them to avoid such alarming situations.
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Why and When to Use Wet Weather Tires?

Imagine you are riding a car when it’s raining. At a low speed, you don’t feel any difference from normal riding. But at higher speeds, one can feel the speed of the car getting affected. This is because of a phenomenon called ‘water planing’. Water resists the ply of the tires on the ground by forming a block on the area between the front of the tire and the ground. This affects driving performance increases the possibility or skidding. Rain tires are sometimes designed to have a smaller diameter. This helps the tire to rotate faster and displace more water overcoming centripetal force. Sometimes they are also narrower than other tires. This reduced footprint of the tires helps avoid hydroplaning.

Water displacement is the first and foremost job of a wet-weather tire. Multiple features of the wet weather tires aim at providing this. One such feature is the rain groove. How does a rain groove work? The area of the tire that comes in contact with the earth is called the contact patch. This contact should always remain for movement to happen. Because of this, the area of the tire that is in contact with the road is made to flatten and then regain the normal shape. In dry conditions, this happens normally with no obstruction.

But in conditions like when it is raining, this process gets affected. Maintaining the same amount of contact with water on the ground is difficult. When there is an excess amount of water collected in the road, hydro planing can go up to the extent of completely disconnecting the tire from the ground. Hydroplaning causes a lot of accidents every year.

A rain groove pulls water away from the area of contact of the tire with the ground. To combat water on the roadway and lower the risk of hydroplaning, tires are fitted with rain grooves. This is achieved by properly designed patterns and correctly arranged voids. The patterns are angled so that water is directed away from the center of the tire whereas the voids serve as a channel to displace the sidelined water.

Rain tires are made from soft rubber. Softer rubber helps in having a better grip in wet conditions and they also help in building up heat inside the tire. The rubber used in wet weather tires comprises oils and chemicals. When introduced to heat, the tire tends to become sticky due to these elements and start to deteriorate. The softer the tire is, the weaker it is when exposed to heat. One of the methods drivers use to avoid tire deterioration while wet conditions are getting dried up is driving purposely on stagnated puddles of water to cool the tires.

Advantages of wet-weather tires
Improved safety- wet weather poses some of the most dangerous driving conditions; from reduced visibility to slippery roads during winter and autumn months. These tires provide improved braking performance and traction on these wet roads for safe riding.
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Staycation is a Great Way to Enjoy Summer at Home

The word staycation has become popular in last two years. Due to financial crises, people are choosing this type of entertainment. Today, fuel and hotel price price spike. Therefore, those who want enjoy within your budget, it is the best option. If you are on staycation, you stay home with families and plan for a local trip or some thing different to routine life. If you want to make your staycation memorable for your children and for your family, you need to plan perfectly. Following are a few tips to select your vacation trip.

Take a trip to the big city
if any city is near to your place, then you can select that for your trip. Because it is very helpful for you according to the budget level. And you need to plan like visiting museums and one day event activities like that. Even your kids also enjoys a lot in this type of trips.

Switch homes with someone you know
If anyone of your friends are living in near beaches or near to mountains you can invite them to your place, may be they want to enjoy your location and in return you can ask for staying their place. It is like exchanging places for a shorter span. It will decrease your hotel rentals and all.

Camping is also one of the best way to enjoy and relax. Even your kids also likes because sleeping outdoors under the stars is a thrilling experience to everyone. If you want to go like with group of people like friends and families you can arrange one camp fire. Getting some food along with you saves your money. And you can share it with friends, and you can taste their food. You can get all the tents are required materials for rent with an affordable price. Just check out the whether forecast before you go. And according to that you can plan.

Have a party
If you are not planning to move anywhere then you just do a party in your back yard. You can invite the friends for party and planning for some games and events will give more interesting to everyone.

Take a day trip
It is just like picnic just have your breakfast at home and pack your lunch and then go for a day trip. It is better way to go a trip in budget.
By all the above ideas you can enjoy your staycation.
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Technical Features and Advantages of In-line Engines or Straight Engines

In-line engines are a type of internal-combustion engines, where the cylinders are arranged in a single row. The crankshaft is placed perpendicular to the pistons and all the cylinder heads move in the same direction, rotating the crankshaft. They come in four, six and eight cylinder configurations and are used in automobiles and air crafts.

a) In-line engines are very easy to build because the cylinders and the crankshaft can be fixed in the same casting. Straight engines have smaller physical dimensions compared to other engines and thus, installing them becomes easier. They also have a support bearing between each piston.

a) It is the most common 4-cylinder configuration seen in automobiles, whereas engines like straight-five have evolved into v5 engines. Some companies that have used straight engines in the cars are, Acura, Audi, Mercedes-Benz, Toyota, Volkswagen, Volvo BMW, Chevrolet, etc.

a) In-line-4
An inline-4 engine has 4 cylinders. An important characteristic of in-line four engines is the use of balancing shafts. During rotation, however, improperly arranged cylinders create an imbalance, which leads to undesirable vibration. This vibration increases with RPM. A balance shaft reduces this by nullifying the imbalance.

b) Straight-five
A straight-five engine has five cylinders, with two heads moving in one and the other three moving in the opposite direction. The straight-5 engine is a mix of both a straight 4 and straight six. It is longer in size and costs more to manufacture than the straight-4, but is comparatively much smoother.

c) Straight-six
Having six cylinders, the straight-six has been used by BMW, Chrysler, Chevrolet, etc. In straight four and straight six engines, due to the even number of cylinders, there has to be secondary vibration. While it is corrected in straight-4 by using a balancing shaft, straight does not use any. The secondary vibration is controlled by using crankshaft dampers.

d) Straight-eight
The straight-eight engine has eight cylinders in a straight line. It naturally has inherent primary and secondary balance, thus the crankshaft has no primary or secondary forces acting upon it. However, there is torsional vibration, and a harmonic damper is needed to cancel it. The straight six also has inbuilt balancing features, but the straight-eight has more strokes per revolution and the result is smoother functioning.

Balance shafts: In inline-4 engines, due to the asymmetry of the design, they have an inherent second order vibration. This cannot be overcome, no matter how well balanced the components are. To overcome this, the balancing shaft is used, which rotates in the opposite direction to that of the engine. This is commonly used in inline-4 engines and used in inline-6.
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Advantages of Having Full Coverage Auto Insurance

Full coverage auto insurance is one you need to have in order to protect yourself in the event of major accidents. Many people opt for minimum liability so that they could save money on their policy. But in long run, this will end up with paying more if you only carry the amount of coverage.
In this article, we will discuss about the benefits of having full coverage auto insurance.

No worries: When having full coverage car insurance, you need not be worried about the damages to your car in the event of an accident or even theft. Often your car can be easily damaged in the parking lots of the shopping malls, etc. These small damages can be covered with this type of insurance policy.

Peace of mind: Having a full coverage of car insurance will allow you to relax as you know that an accident will not put a financial burden on you. Nothing is more important than peace of mind.

Fully paid windshield replacement: If your car windshield is damaged, instead of repair, they are fully replaced at no extra cost.

Stereo equipment coverage: All stereo equipment are covered in case of accidents up to certain amount you have followed guidelines of insurance for installing your stereo equipment.

Free car rental service: In case your car is taking more than 24 hours for repairs after an accident, they will rent you a car for your use at no cost.

Receive full liability: Regardless of the matter, whether it is your fault or not, you will be paid for all. This also includes natural disasters like hurricane, tree falling on the tree, thunder storm damages, etc.

Covers fire and water damage: Full coverage auto insurance also covers the damage caused by fire and water. This damage cannot be prevented and just can happen. So, you will not get financially ruined by such kind of damage as it is covered by your insurance policy.

These are all the benefits that you will avail when you choose a full coverage auto insurance for your car. You will literally save a big amount of money. Full coverage auto insurance is ideal for a driver who drives more than 1,000 miles a day.
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