Archive for category Health

How to Use a Nebulizer

Nebulizers are drug delivery devices used to convert the liquid medicament into mist so that it can be directly inhaled through mouth or nose. It is used to administer dose to the asthma patients or respiratory tract infections. Nebulizers are also used to limit the side effects of steroids.

Working of nebulizer:

  • Nebuliser consists of a compressor which is used to convert the liquid medicament into mist.
  • Compressor is connected to the medicine holding container with a tube. In some nebulizers, a pressure regulator also connected which controls the flow of medicament.
  • The liq

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Benefits Of Having Dental Braces

Today braces have evolved considerably as a cosmetic treatment. Having braces is to align your teeth. This can help your teeth to prevent from tooth decay in due to crooked, crowded or overlapping reasons. Braces can prevent many dental problems and helps to have a correct bite. Teeth that have being aligned by the braces have a proper bite pattern. Braces helps to position the teeth with regard to a person’s bite, which directly helps to improve your oral health.

To obtain a good smile and good facial appearance
Everyone wants a good smile. An attractive smile can do wonders, built confidence, improves self-esteem, which directly improves quality of life. According to the UK survey, nearly 1 million people in the UK started having orthodontic treatment. So to obtain a good smile people are going for braces. This also becomes worth to have a beautiful smile.

To built up positive self-image, self-esteem and self-confidence
“A Good Smile Can Improve Your Quality of Life”. Wearing braces helps in building up self-confidence and improves the self-image. After the braces are taken off it makes you feel popular within your self by making you look attractive. When a person finds himself attractive it automatically makes him feel positive towards the society.

To get the proper proportion of teeth and lips with the face
Everyone knows that braces helps to straighten crooked teeth. In additional to straighten teeth, orthodontist are also able to correct irregularities of facial structures in the mouth and jaw. The goal of the orthodontic treatment is to achieve the balance between the teeth and face.

Reduce the risk of injuries of the front teeth
Teeth that are protruding outwards are likely to face problems like lip-bite, cross bite and overbite. Most people get injured due to this protruding teeth. Mostly upper jaw teeth are effected due to this protrusion of the teeth. This protrusion of teeth can be cured by having the orthodontic treatment at a right age.

To improve oral function and oral hygiene
For an healthy teeth, proper alignment of teeth should be done. Spacing between the teeth leads to the storage of food between them, which causes the onset of cavities. To remove the spacing between the teeth, orthodontic treatment is recommended. Dental braces covers the gap between the teeth and not only protects them from oral diseases but also gives a good appearance.

Helps to avoid cross bite, upper lip bite
Oral problems like cross bite, upper bites, and overbites leads to bleeding of gums, which causes formation of ulcers. A person suffering from such problem is advisable to have a orthodontic treatment at an early stage. If the process of treatment starts at an early stage, it prevent the extraction of teeth. Otherwise, extraction of teeth becomes compulsion at adult stage which could be slightly painfully.

Therefore, there are various reasons to have dental braces. Having them helps to prevent from various oral problems like upper front teeth protrusion, overbite, open bite, cross bite, crowding and spacing. To avoid all this the treatment should be done. Which helps to maintain both oral hygiene as well as to maintain the look of your smile.
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Benefits and Risks of Dental Patches

Dental patches are also called adhesive patches. They are mucoadhesive patches that contains local anesthetics that is used to numb the area of the site and to reduce the pain. Dental patches are alternatives to topical anesthetics. It penetrates the drug to the gum tissue. Dental patches are used to produce anesthesia in minor dental surgeries. It is not used in major dental surgeries as it has less duration of action.

How it works?

  • Dental patches are adhesive patches containing local anesthetic agent.
  • Dental patches does not apply on the broken or damaged skin. It may cause irritation.
  • Before applying the dental patch, the area is cleaned and dried.
  • Then patch is placed over the surface of the area where anesthesia is needed.
  • It takes 3-4mins to anesthetize the area.
  • Then anesthetic agent gets released slowly from the patch and penetrates into the gum tissue.
  • Anesthetic action can lasts up to 45 minutes.

Anesthetic agent in dental patches:
Anesthetic agents used in the dental patches are lidocaine and priloaine. Lidocaine is mostly used as it is more potent.

Benefits of dental patches:

  • Dental patches are safer to use
  • Activity lasts for about 45 minutes
  • Does not induce any pain
  • Used to anesthetize in diabetic patients

Side effects of dental patches:

  • Swelling of the skin under the patch
  • Redness of the skin under the patch
  • Blurred vision
  • Skin rashes
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Headache

Contraindications with dental patches:

  • Patients with heart problems are contraindicated to dental patches. Lidocaine increases the heart beat
  • Patients with liver damage
  • In pregnant women it may affect the fetus
  • Patients taking over the counter medicines

Limitations of dental patches:

  • It is not suitable to apply over large surface
  • It is not suitable for children and old age people
  • It shows allergic reactions to some medications

Compared to other topical anesthetics, dental patches are more preferred as it has more duration of action.
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Contraindications of Dental Implant Placement

Dental implant placement is a very safe and effective procedure. However there are very few contraindications to dental implant placement such as:

  • Relative contraindications
  • Absolute contraindications and
  • Local contraindications

Relative contraindications: Relative contraindications for dental implants are diabetes, angina pectoris, radiation therapy on neck and head, pregnancy and tobacco and alcohol dependents.

  • Diabetes: Patients having diabetes with blood glucose level less than 150mg/dl have low risk of complications if special care is taken.
  • Angina Pectoris: Angina pectoris is a pain in the chest or cardial muscle. Patients having a history of angina pectoris in the last two months can not undergo implants surgery.
  • Radiation therapy on neck and head: Patients who are undergoing cancer therapy on neck and head are also not suitable for implants. It is suggested that better to avoid implant placement to avoid complications.
  • Pregnancy: Pregnant women have contraindication to dental implants. The medicines used and the stress during surgery is not good for pregnant women.
  • Tobacco and alcohol dependents: People who smoke more than 20 cigarettes per day are contraindication to implants. Smokers have less calcium absorption that leads to aging of bones.

Absolute contraindications:
Absolute contraindications are patients who are undergoing treatment for cancer, bone disorder, bi phosphate medications, immuno suppressants and hypertension.

  • Cancer: Patients who are undergoing treatment for cancer have contraindication to implant placement.
  • Bone disorders: Dental implants require enough jaw bone density. Bone disorders like osteoporosis is a contraindication to implant because it lowers the bone density which leads to failure of implant placement.
  • Bi phosphate medications: Use of bi phosphates leads to death of jaw bones. Therefore patients who are undergoing bi phosphate medications are not suitable for implants.
  • Immuno suppressants: Patients under the treatment of immuno suppressants are contraindication to implant placement as they suppress the immune system and it does not heal quickly.
  • Hypertension: Hypertensive patients who are taking medicines will effect the implant process. The side effects of hypertensive drugs like hyperplasia are contraindication to the implant placement.

Local contraindications:
Local contraindications to dental implant placements are:

  • Patients having low bone density and quality
  • Patients having poor oral hygiene
  • Patients suffering with dryness of mouth
  • Patients with clenching of teeth
  • Patients having mucous membrane related problems
  • Patients having unbalanced relation with upper and lower teeth

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Oral Health Considerations During Pregnancy

Pregnancy is one of the unique incidents in a woman’s life that accompanies physiological and hormonal changes. This can include changes in respiratory, cardiovascular and gastrointestinal as well as changes in oral cavity, which increases the susceptibility to oral infections. This is why it is important to take care of your health including oral health.
This article discusses some tips that you need to follow during pregnancy.

1) Follow good oral hygiene practice to prevent oral problems
Good oral hygiene such as brushing twice a day or after every meal and flossing at least once a day can help you prevent many dental problems.

Brushing removes plaque (white sticky film) from the teeth and flossing removes tiny leftover food particles from between the teeth. Irregular brushing and flossing will let bacteria in the plaque react with left over food particles and form acid. This acid attacks the teeth. Since changes in oral health are common in pregnancy, you must take extra care.

2) Visiting the dentist regularly
Never skip your dental visits simply because you are pregnant. Regular visits to the dentists is the part of oral hygiene routine. Visiting the dentist regularly help in diagnosing dental problems if any and treating it in its early stage before it requires a complex procedure. Not only you will be diagnosed, but also you will be given guidelines for how to take care of your teeth and gums.

3) Eat tooth friendly diet
Including a plenty of food that is rich in proteins, calcium and vitamins will support your baby’s health and protect your teeth. See to it that you avoid too much of sugary and starchy food, which hastens tooth decay and gum problems.

4) Inform your dentist that you are pregnant
Dental procedures are avoided during first trimester and the second part of third trimester because these are the phases when your baby’s development is critical. This is why it is important for you to inform the dentist about your pregnancy as soon as you know about it. If required, treatment can be done in the second trimester. Meanwhile, pain can be subsided by taking some painkillers that are safe during pregnancy.

5) Tell your dentist about the medications you are taking
When you are at dentist’s office, tell him about the medications you are taking including the vitamins like folic acid. This is important because your dentist needs to alter the treatment plan based on this information.

Pregnancy does need not mean denying good oral hygiene, instead you should take extra care in order to make sure that both you and your unborn enjoy optimal health.
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Reasons to Remove Wisdom Tooth

The third molars are also known as wisdom tooth and are the last adult teeth to erupt. Some people are not affected by wisdom tooth eruption while some develop painful conditions that require removing (extracting) of tooth. In this article, we will discuss the reasons to remove wisdom tooth.

Reasons to remove wisdom tooth:

  • If the wisdom tooth is erupting in a wrong, tilted or twisted position.
  • If wisdom tooth does not have enough space or room to emerge and are trapped below the gum line.
  • If the wisdom tooth is pushing the front tooth (second molars) and causing pain.
  • The erupted wisdom tooth that has already erupted lacks good oral hygiene as it is difficult to reach the last tooth/teeth resulting in tooth decay.
  • The chance of complications necessitating removal of wisdom teeth increases with age.
  • In very rare condition, the impacted wisdom tooth develops cysts. Removal of such cysts require complicated and extensive procedures.
  • Wisdom tooth sometimes may contribute to crowding of front/nearby teeth.
  • Even if the wisdom tooth appears to be problem free, it remains a breeding ground for the oral infection and inflammation due to lack of proper cleaning. According to research, such infection can contribute to the development of various disease including cardiovascular and stroke.

It is clear that wisdom tooth has erupted even without causing pain but can later cause a problem due to improper oral hygiene. Wisdom tooth removal at an early age is, therefore, associated with fast and easy recovery.

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Effect of Food on Teeth

Teeth are important for chewing food. It is important to maintain oral hygiene. Intake of food also effects the teeth and gums. So it is better to know what type of foods are better for healthy teeth and what type of food causes dental problems.

Good food for teeth
1. Fiber rich foods: These foods increases the saliva secretions. Fibers have detergent effect which removes the bacteria from teeth.

2. Vegetables: Vegetables containing more water content are best food for teeth. These water content removes the bacteria from mouth and also neutralizes the food we take. Sources of water containing vegetables are carrot, beat root.

3. Fruits: Fruits containing water content are recommended for healthy teeth. This water content removes the food particles from mouth and prevents bacterial growth and protects teeth and gums. Sources for this fruits are grapes, apple.

4. Cheese and milk: Cheese stimulates the saliva secretions there by removes the bacteria. Milk and their products contains calcium and phosphates. Calcium makes teeth more strong and phosphates remineralize the teeth on enamel.

5. Tea: Green and black tea contains polyphenols which interacts with plaques on teeth and kills the plaque. Taking tea prepared with fluoride water shows more effective for removing dental decay.

6. Chewing gums: Chewing gums increases the secretions of saliva which prevents the teeth from decay. Chewing sugar free gums is recommended as sugar may cause decay problems.

7. Fluoride foods: Fluoride helps to prevent dental decay and gum problems. So foods with fluoride content like sea foods and cereals are best suitable for healthy teeth.

8. Vitamin-C: Vitamin-C helps to keep gums healthy and reduces many periodontal diseases. It has an anti oxidant property which prevents the inflammation of gum. Sources of vitamin-c are guava, oranges, lemon are best foods to make teeth healthy.

Worst food for teeth
1. Sticky foods: Sticky foods are the worse food for teeth. These may get stuck in the teeth and leads to dental decay. This can be avoided by rinsing mouth after eating.

2. Acidic foods: Acidic foods destroys the enamel on teeth and there by teeth gets effected. Acidic foods like citrus fruits removes the enamel and teeth become sensitive. So it is better to limit acid foods.

3. Sugary liquids: When we take sugary juices, the exposure of enamel with the sugar takes place and enamel gets destroyed. Sources of sugary liquids are soft drinks and juices.

4. Medications causing dryness of mouth: Medications which causes dry mouth should be avoided. This may dry the mouth and promotes the growth of bacteria and leads to dental problems.

5. Tobacco products: Tobacco products reduces the saliva secretions in mouth and mouth becomes dry and promotes bacterial growth.
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How To Achieve Emotional Wellness

Strong physique does not imply internal strength. People who look bold from outside may be weak emotionally. You may surprising that what is emotional wellness? How is it related to health?

Here is the answer for all questions. We will discuss slightly about emotional wellness and stress more on title.

Emotional wellness is building or gaining energy internally to stay mentally strong. Things or problems that are seen can be detected easily and are preventable. But emotion is ine feeling that is out of human control in most of the times.

People who fail to control emotions face emotional illness. They ruin their life, career and also life of others indirectly.

Many suicide cases reported because of uncontrolled emotions around the world. This is more prevalent in people who face stress in different situations.

How to build emotional strength?
By keeping the consequences of emotional illness, we have picked up some good things that gives emotional strength.

Lead a joyful life – Happiness is the important emotion that is missing in most of us. We are so busy that we forget to laugh and stay happy. We get less opportunities to have happy moments, so enjoy that moments to the extremes. Happiness is like medicine for emotions.

Do not wait for chances that give happiness, create chances to enjoy everything.

Control stress – This is the one that takes away life from one situation to other. It may give you good or bad memories. Stress is seen mostly in professionals who have busy schedule and struggle to achieve success.

Practice yoga – Yoga is proven very effective against stress, it will reduce stress slowly by healing mental imbalance. Pranayama is the simplest technique that everyone can work out at any place. It gives a deep relaxation and boost energy to brain.

Involve in variety of good activities – doing same work daily will be boring and take away enjoyment of life. Try to get involved in activities that you like most at least one per day, irrespective of how busy you are.
By getting involved in vast activities, you feel change in the environment, refresh your mind and it is an art of learning new things.

Have belief in your ability – This is important for attaining emotional wellness. Have confidence on you, that itself works very fast to build strength emotionally. Belief in one’s ability or religion automatically develop spirituality and will help you to understand roots of existence.

Be kind – If you are kind, others will reciprocate with similar passion when you are in distress, they will empathize your condition. On the other hand if you behave rudely, you may lose valuable relations in life that make you weak internally.

Habituate reading – Books create great impact on mind, some books may give information, some may give knowledge. Read books that inspire you and stay mentally fit. Books are a set of tools of relaxation and staying healthy.
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Tips to Help Your Child Overcome Fear of Dentist

Fear of dentist is anticipated in children when visiting for first time. With several pointy instruments and unfamiliar noises, how could child not be puzzled and afraid? Dental visit can make your child cripple, but this does not mean that you should avoid visiting the dentist. This can make your child’s fear even more worst. In addition, skipping regular dental visits can turn minor problems in to major ones that might require treatment that is more painful.
To help your child overcome dental phobia, here are few tips that will make your next dental visit a pleasant one.

Start early
The earlier children visit the dentist, the better they will feel. Dentist recommends having their first dental visit as soon as your child first tooth erupts. More than anything, this will help your child to become familiar with the dentist and feel comfortable in dental office environment.

Stay with your child
Stay close to your child during dental checkup. This will help him/her keeping calm. It is better to ask the dentist whether you can hold your child’s hand or can make him/her sit on your lap for dental examination. After few visits, you can encourage your child to be strong big boy/girl who does not need your help. This will help your child develop confidence and inner strength.

Keep talking about importance of good oral hygiene
Regularly talk about importance of oral hygiene and visiting the dentist. Keep explaining how dentist will keep your teeth protected from cavities. As you talk more often, it will seem normal to visit the dental office for checkup. After the dental visit, ask your child about what he liked and what he did not. This will help build more confidence.

Dr. Haugseth explains “ A no-nonsense attitude from the parents will set the stage for what the child should expect to achieve excellent oral health.”

Avoid scary words
When talking to your child about visiting the dentist, avoid using words like “hurt”, “pain” or “injection”. This will only make the matter worse. Your child will become more anxious and afraid. Experts in this field advise using positive words like “clean”, “healthy” and “strong teeth”.

Try making it a fun
This is the most important thing. Make the dental visit a fun experience instead of something unpleasant. Moreover, a good family dentist provides fun atmosphere for kids of all ages.
Dental fear in children is quite normal. As a parent, you can use the above tips as tools for preparing your child and making every visit a good experience.
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Effects of Stress Management on Your Health

Stress is the trash of modern life, we all generate it but if you don’t dispose of it properly, it will pile up and overtake your life – Danzae Pace

Stress is a common problem that is faced by many people. Stress if not managed can lead to disruption of almost all your body processes which will put you at increased risk of numerous problems that include:

  • Headache/migraine
  • Anxiety
  • Fatigue
  • Sleep problems
  • Irritability or anger

Prolonged stress can lead to major health problems, here are some of the physical and mental effects of stress.

Effects due to physical stress
In general, physical stress is visible to human eyes and reaction is also very fast to this type of stress. Some conditions what we face due to this stress are tiredness, illness, headache, irritation, cold, stomach upset, etc. These effects can be reduced and treated by taking medication for some time. If ignored and left untreated it may lead to some other health problems.

Effects due to mental stress
Living with mental stress is nothing less to programmed death. So it is very important to avoid mental stress at early stages itself.

  • Shrinks the brain – Grey matter of brain plays an important role in making us mentally strong. But a person with mental stress is known to have reduced Grey matter, which effects psychological stability of mind. Adults or children effected with this stress behave violently. In some individuals, stress can even lead to a condition known as Alzheimer (forgetfulness) and reduces life span leading to early death.
  • Health problems – Overweight, asthma, high blood pressure, improper development of fetus brain during pregnancy, are some of the health problems faced due to mental stress. In extreme cases, if blood pressure is not regulated, then it can have symptoms of heart attack. Because of stress, some people have more food than what they have regularly, this makes them overweight and this can further lead to increase in cholesterol levels thus effecting the heart. Asthma, in general we refer to as “breathing problem”, apart from other reasons for asthma, stress also has effects on asthma. When a person is tensed or worried, he feels suffocated in breathing, which is nothing but asthma. If mother is stressed during pregnancy, it effects the brain development of fetus.
  • Early and immature aging in kids – There is an evidence showing that kids grown up in a stressful environment have reduced chromosomal ends called ‘telomeres’ which are important for improving the lifespan. They behave abnormally when compared to other kids. Further they cannot mingle easily with other kids.
  • Affects immune system – Your immune system becomes weak and the ability to fight against diseases decreases due to stress. People with stress are easily affected with infections frequently. Process of recovering from any illness is also delayed.
  • High risk of heart attack – Heart is the major organ for our survival. Stress has major effects on heart. People with stress develop high blood pressure which ultimately effects and leads to heart stroke or heart attack.

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