Archive for category Health

How can gardening reduce diabetes symptoms?

Linking gardening to diabetes may be little surprising for you, but it is true that spending some time on outdoor gardening can work wonders on diabetic patients. Much to the surprise of many people, there is dramatic reduction in the symptoms of type 2 diabetes with increased gardening hours. The fact is, gardening gives good exercise for the patients which is very much important to normalize the high blood sugar levels. It is one of the best options for people who cannot take rigorous exercises as fitness regime in their daily routine. Gardening doesn’t look like a traditional workout but it does promise some health benefits in general, particularly for the diabetic patients. Let us see in what way gardening can be beneficial to the diabetic patients –

A good physical activity
A good exercise regime and healthy diet with targeted calorie count has high importance in preventing and caring for diabetes. People often get nervous when they think of hitting the gym because the first thing that comes to their mind is treadmills and exercise machines. While working in gym is important for some people with specific reasons, there is a slow transition in the exercise trends where people are looking out for more natural stress free methods. People have realized that there is no need to forcefully exercise in gym for hours to reduce the calories. Instead they can practice working in a garden and simultaneously shed those extra calories in a stress free way. Gardening is one such enjoyable activity that has consistent multiple benefits. Working in garden such as soil tilling, weed extraction, watering and other plant maintenance activities, definitely provide some good physical exercise to keep blood sugar levels in check.

Vitamin D
There is no real evidence to say that vitamin D deficiency is directly related to the risk of type 2 diabetes but some studies have shown that there is a vague connection between these two things. Regardless of the above fact, people can certainly enjoy numerous health benefits by doing some outdoor gardening. When we do gardening outside, naturally our body gets exposed to the sunlight that has rich vitamin D content, which is most vital for bone and muscle maintenance and functioning of other body systems.

Reducing Stress Levels
Many gardeners have realized that a couple of hours in gardening drops Cortisol, a hormone that decides the level of stress in our body. There is nothing more relaxing for the mind than watching our plants grow and mature. One could feel extremely soothing when they involve in gardening activities and dirt their hands in soil. It takes little effort to have our own garden, but the results that we get in the form of flowers, fruits & vegetables is amazing to experience. It reduces trauma in diabetic patients and releases tension that is caused by going through medical procedures and diabetic drugs.

Enjoy garden grown vegetables and fruits
By following organic gardening principles, one can enjoy fresh and quality fruits and vegetables harvesting from their own garden. Gardening gives the opportunity to have our own methods in gardening, so that we can avoid using harmful chemicals as fertilizers and pesticides. Diabetic patients have to be extra cautious about what they eat because they need to take less starchy foods to control calorie in take. It is easy to grow fruits and vegetables in a home garden that are known to be beneficial for diabetic patients such as tomatoes, broccoli, spinach, berries etc.

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Gum Disease Treatments

There are many number of treatments for gum disease based on the disease stage, overall health and response to the earlier treatments. Treatments range from surgery that restore supportive tissues to non surgical therapies that control bacterial growth.

Surgical treatments for gum disease

  • Bone grafting: This procedure involves using synthetic bone or fragments of your own bone to replace the bone that is destroyed by gum disease. These grafts are the best alternatives to regrow the bone which restores the teeth stability. This type of tissue engineering encourages the human body to regenerate tissue and bone very fast.
  • Pocket reduction surgery/flap surgery: In this procedure the gums are pulled back and the tarter is taken out. In some cases,¬† bumpy surfaces of the damaged bone are made even to limit areas where disease causing bacteria can hide. The gums are then set so that the tissue fits well around the tooth. This method lessens the gap between tooth and the gum, hence decreasing the growth of harmful bacteria and the chances of serious health issues that are related to periodontal disease.
  • Guided tissue regeneration: This procedure is performed when the bone giving support to the teeth has been ruined and it stimulates the growth of gum and bone tissue. This is done in along with flap surgery, which is a small mesh-like fabric inserted between the gum and bone tissue. This acts as a partition and prevents the gum tissue from entering into the bone area thus allowing the connective tissue and bone to regrow for a better teeth support.
  • Soft tissue grafting: This method strengthens thin gums or fills in the receded gums. Grafted tissues taken from the mouth’s roof are stitched in place, thus adding tissue to the affected area.
  • Bone surgery: This procedure smoothens the shallow craters in the bone due to advanced or moderate bone loss. After the flap surgery the bone around the tooth is modified to decrease the cavities.

Non surgical treatments

  • Root planning and scaling: This is a non surgical deep cleaning method which done under anesthetic conditions. In this procedure the plaque and tartar from below and above the gum line are removed away and the rough spots on the tooth’s root are made smooth. Smoothing the surface removes bacteria and provides a clean surface to reattach to the teeth. Root planning and scaling is done if the dental practitioner finds that there is plaque and tartar attached to the gums which needs to be removed.
  • Professional dental cleaning: During a checkup, your dental hygienist or dentist will remove tartar and plaque from below and above the gum line of the teeth. If you have signs of gum disease, your dentist may recommend teeth cleaning at least twice in a year.

In some patients, non surgical treatments of root planning and scaling is all that is needed to treat the gum disease. Surgical treatments are required only when the surrounding teeth tissue is in unhealthy condition and cannot be fixed with non surgical options.

Affects of Caffeine on Dental: Benefits & Demerits

Caffeine present in various foods and beverages reduces exhaustion when consumes in certain levels but consuming it more than in moderate amounts causes nausea, head aches, anxiety and other dental problems. More than 90% people around the states consume caffeine in either of the forms from coffee to tea and soft drinks.

Consumption of caffeine has both benefits and health risks associated with it. Following data presented gives information about the various benefits and risks associated with it.

Dental health benefits of caffeine

  • Caffeinated drinks has varied effects individually on the person’s teeth. Following are some of the foods where caffeine is present in moderate amounts and the way it benefits to health.
  • Coffee: caffeine is the main ingredient present in coffee but its impact is protected by one of the main ingredients called trigonelline.
  • Trigonelline is an alkaloid that reverse the effects of acid produced as a by product of bacteria while consuming simple sugars.
  • Black coffee neutralize the acids and decreases the risk of dental plaque.
  • Black tea is one of the most caffeinated beverage with having high levels of fluoride.
  • Green tea which is rich in antioxidants, catechins and polyphenols also contains caffeine in certain amount. It helps to prevent heart disease and also improve oral health by fighting against gum disease.

Dental problems caused by caffeine
The effects caused by caffeine depends on the amount it is consumed and can have varied effects on dental health.
Enamel damage: Strong and healthy teeth results due tot he presence of enamel on your teeth.

  • Wearing off enamel makes your teeth prone to disease and damage.
  • Consumption of large amount of caffeine is related to degradation of enamel on your teeth.
  • By keeping in check the amount of caffeine consumed one can reduce the risks associated with it thus helping to avoid cavities and dental diseases.

Staining: Caffeine consumption in any form leave stains on your teeth.

  • Consuming tea, coffee and soft drinks in large quantities cause yellowing of teeth or brown stains between the teeth as well on their surface.

Teeth clenching: Intake of caffeine in large quantities is also associated with inability to sleep and stress.

  • Consuming caffeine before bed time allows you to clench your teeth when u sleep. Teeth clenching leads to jaw and teeth pain.
  • Avoiding and limiting the consumption of caffeine through out the day helps to reduce stress levels and lessen teeth clenching while sleeping.

People never go giving up their daily fix for anything and those who prefer can be cautious by maintaining proper oral hygiene habits for minimizing the negative impact of caffeine. By knowing these effects can help you restrict how much caffeine can be consumed each day with no side effects.
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Prophy Jet For Teeth Polishing

Teeth cleaning is part of oral hygiene and involves the removal of dental plaque from teeth with the intention of preventing cavities, gingivitis and periodontal diseases. People routinely clean their own teeth by brushing and inter dental cleaning. Tooth polishing is the act of smoothing the tooth surface. The purpose of polishing is to make it difficult for plaque to accumulate on the tooth surface area which is accumulated due to bacterial infection.. .The traditional method in tooth polishing includes the use of trophy cup which is a small motorized rubber cup along with an abrasive polishing compound.

Prophy jet an all purpose cleaner
Prophy jet is an air polishing prophylaxis system which uses air, water, and either sodium bicarbonate or non-sodium powder as a slurry to remove extrinsic stain, dental plaque and soft debris while simultaneously polishing tooth surfaces. It is a high tech instrument that dentists have been using for years. The Prophy Jet sprays high pressured water to flush away plaque deposits. Baking soda acts as a cleansing substance to remove extrinsic tooth stains caused by foods, drinks or smoking. Aluminum Trihydroxide is an alternative solution to the sodium bicarbonate for patients who are sodium restricted and have heavily stained enamel. Avoid use on dentin, cementum and restorative restorations.

Prophy Jet polishing is recommended before you undergo for dental bracing. Cleaning up the teeth and remove debris and plaque lessens the chances of irritants trapping under the dental appliances. Prophy-Jet polishing is used to remove surface stains before you dental bracing.

During Prophy-Jet polishing, only soft deposits and some extrinsic stains are removed from the teeth. Scaling and root planning will be needed to remove hard deposits such as dental calculus from the surface of the teeth and under the gum line. Prophy-Jet won’t remove tooth discoloration that comes from inside the tooth which is caused by genetics, dental florosis or trauma to the tooth stains which have a better chance of being removed through other cosmetic dentistry methods such as veneers.

Benefits of prophy jet over traditional techniques

  • Prophy jet polishing is more effective.
  • It uses a water soluble sodium bicarbonate mixture to help in the removal of stain and plaque.
  • It helps in the removal of stain due to smoking, coffee, tea, peridex, and other extrinsic factors.
  • It also minimizes hand, wrist, neck and eye fatigue by helping to remove stain quicker than scaling and polishing done in the traditional way.
  • You can use Prophy-Je to remove deposits from your dental applications such as dentures, orthodontic appliance, mouth guard or night guard.

Incorporating dental cleanings into your oral hygiene routine is essential to maintain good dental health and prophy jet being a high tech alternative to traditional methods of teeth polishing is beneficial.
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Surgical Treatment for Jaw Disorders

Dental Implants LondonNormally jaw is made up of a set of bones. It consist of two parts, upper portion of the jaw is maxilla and is immovable and lower portion of the jaw is mandible which is involved in the movement of jaw.

Jaw disorder is the condition in which abnormalities in the jaw position takes place. Minor abnormalities in the jaw can be treated by wearing dental braces and some other appliances. If the abnormalities in the jaw cannot be treated with dental braces, then it can be treated by performing surgeries.

Corrective jaw surgery
Corrective jaw surgery is performed to correct the abnormalities in jaw. It is performed to correct the deformities in the upper or lower jaw or both the jaws. It improves the appearance of face and also improves the chewing and talking ability.

Corrective jaw surgery is performed on candidates who are:

    dental implant London
  • Experiencing difficulty in chewing or talking
  • Deformities in temporomandibular joint
  • Prognathism and malocclusion
  • Breathing through mouth
  • Receding lower jaw and chin

Surgery can be performed on candidates whose jaw bone has fully developed and there is no growth in the jaw. Surgical procedure involves following steps:

  • Pre operative treatment: In this step, orthodontist takes x-rays to examine the jaw and align your teeth using dental braces. These braces should be fitted to your teeth for several weeks before surgery. This will gradually push your teeth to their normal position.
  • Surgical procedure: Surgical procedure starts initially by giving general anesthesia.
  • ¬†Lower jaw surgery: In this surgery an incision is made inside the mouth to expose the joint potion of the jaw connecting to the front portion that supports teeth. Then deformities are corrected and repositioned the lower jaw to their normal position. Small surgical plate and screws are used to hold the jaw in their normal position.
  • Upper jaw surgery: In this surgery, an incision is made inside the mouth to separate the tooth baring portion of the jaw from its base. Corrections are made by removing or reshaping or adding of jaw tissue to relocate in the normal position. Then tiny surgical plate and screws are used to hold the jaw in new position.
  • Post operative treatment: Recovery time is 4-6 weeks. After completion of surgery, retainers are applied to the jaw to prevent the repositioning of jaw. Orthodontist suggest you to take liquids or soft consistency foods for some weeks.

Side effects of surgery

  • Pain and discomfort after surgery
  • Swelling of face but can decrease gradually
  • Stiffness of jaw – It is due to the swelling of jaw but can be reduced with time

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Effect of Fluoride in Drinking Water on Humans

Fluoride compounds are salts that naturally form in ground and enters ground water. Many communities add fluoride in traces to promote dental health. Fluorine is beneficial for dental health but excess leads to bone fractures and dental fluorosis.

How does fluoride get into drinking water?
Most water suppliers contain naturally occurring fluoride. Substances such as sodium fluoride and fluorosilicates are easily dissolved in ground and it enters into ground water as it passes through rocks and gaps between rocks and pores. Communities add fluoride to drinking water in adequate amounts to promote dental health.

How fluoride effects body?
Drinking water containing fluoride enters into the stomach. 70-90% of the ingested fluoride is absorbed in stomach. Unabsorbed fluoride enters into intestine where it absorbs remaining. Once it gets absorbed, it enters into systemic circulation and distributed throughout the body. It retains more in calcium rich areas such as bones and teeth. Thereby it shows effect on teeth and bone. Finally unabsorbed fluoride excretes from body through kidneys and impairs kidney functioning.

Effects of fluoride in drinking water
Effects of long term exposure to fluoride shows serious effects on humans. Fluoridation effects teeth, bones and it increases the risk of cancer.

  • Effect on teeth: Communities add adequate amount of fluoride to drinking water to promote dental health. The severity of effect depends on the concentration of fluoride in drinking water. Drinking fluoride containing water causes dental fluorosis in children.
  • Effect on bones: Drinking water that contains elevated levels of fluoride leads to crippling of bones. Exposure to high concentrations of fluoride, leads to osteoporosis in humans. It also affects pregnant women. It reaches womb through placenta and affects baby. The effect of fluoride on bones include:
  • Crippling skeletal fluorosis
  • Osteosclerosis
  • Ligamentous and tendeneous calcification
  • Extreme bone deformity
  • Fluoride increases the risk if intake of fluoride is above 6mg/day
  • Cancer: Excess fluoride absorption leads to cancer. But very less evidences shown than fluoride intake increases the risk of cancer. The cancers associated with fluoridation are lung cancer and bladder cancer.
  • Kidneys: Fluoride excretes from the body through kidneys. It impairs renal functioning. On excess exposure it increases the risk of kidney failure.
  • Brain: Fluoride shows its affects on brain and lowers intelligence quotient.
  • Thyroid: Lowers functioning of thyroid and decreases the release of hormones such as thyroxine. Thereby it causes thyroidism in humans on exposure to fluoride.

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How Does Smoking Leads to Gum Problems

Teeth Whitening LondonSmoking and chewing tobacco products causes gum problems. The severity of risk depends on the frequency of these products you use. More you smoke and chew tobacco products, the more will be the risk of gum problems.

Tobacco products contain nicotine and nitrosamines which are harmful and causes dental diseases and some times leads to the risk of oral cancer. In this article we will discuss how smoking and chewing tobacco leads to gum problems.

Affects the bone and soft tissue
Smoking and chewing tobacco interfere with the attachment of bone and soft tissue to the teeth. Formation of pockets between the teeth and gum leads to the build up of plaque and leads to gum problems.

Interfering with functioning of normal cells
Smoking and chewing tobacco products interfere with the normal functioning of gum tissue cells and are susceptible to gum diseases.

Reduces the flow of blood
It reduces the flow of blood to teeth and gum. Therefore the oxygen and nutrients are not supplied to the gum tissue and gums become inflame and swollen. This creates gap between the teeth and gum, and builds plaque which later leads to gingivitis. If it is untreated, condition becomes worse and leads to periodontal diseases.

Reduces saliva secretions
Smoking and chewing tobacco reduces saliva secretions in mouth. Saliva helps to remove the debris in mouth to protect from dental diseases. Decrease in the saliva secretions makes the mouth dry and there is bacteria growth which leads to gum problems.

Dental Implants LondonIrritates gum tissue
Chewing tobacco contains toxic chemicals that irritates the gum tissue and therefore receding of gums takes place. Therefore root becomes exposed and becomes sensitive to hot and cold. This in turn leads to infection to gum tissue.

Smoking and chewing tobacco not only increases risk for gum diseases, but is also responsible for dental problems like tooth decay, discoloration of teeth, sensitivity to hot and cold, and oral cancers.

Many of these problems can be cured, but the best way of treatment is quitting smoking and other tobacco related products.
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How Radiation Therapy is Helpful in Oral Cancer

Radiation therapy involves using radiation for curing difficult diseases such as cancer. Radiation therapy involves high energy radiation used to destroy cancer cells. It is effective for treating small tumors where surgery is not required to cure. It is also used in combination with surgery. After surgery, radiation therapy is used to destroy if any cancer cells left in oral cavity. Radiation therapy destroys both normal and cancer cells but normal cells gets repaired by themselves.
Prior to the radiation treatment, CT scanning is done to:

  • Measure the size of tumor to decide the dose of radiation required for treatment.
  • Give the exact position of the the tumor where radiation therapy is needed.

In radiation therapy, the complete dose of radiation is break down into small segments and given in regular intervals. This gives the time to repair normal cells and also prevents discomfort to patient.

Types of radiation therapy
Radiation therapy are classified into following types.

1. Based on the type of radiation given:

  • X-Ray radiation
  • Gamma radiation

2. Based on the position of radiation:

  • Internal radiation
  • External radiation

X-Ray radiation:
In this technique, the source of radiation is X-rays. X-rays are the first form of radiation source. The equipment that produce X-rays as radiations are linear accelerator and betatron. Depending on the amount of energy produced, X-ray radiation is used to destroy cancer tumors. The more energy produced, the deeper will be the penetration of X-rays. This has fewer side effects as the radiation is limited to particular area.

Gamma radiation:
The effect of this radiation is same as x-ray radiation but here gamma rays are used as a source of radiation. In this gamma rays gives radiation spontaneously as they decompose.

Internal radiation:
Internal radiation is also called brachytherapy. It uses radio active materials to deliver radiation directly to the cancer cells. Radio active materials includes tubes or seeds. Radioactive substances are passed into these tubes. In some cases radio active pellets are placed directly on cancer cell. These can be removed after completion of radio therapy.

Prior to this radiation general anesthesia is given to prevent discomfort to patient. Then x-rays are taken to ensure that they are placed in a appropriate position. The advantage of internal radiotherapy is it has less effect on other parts of body as it directly given to tumor.

External radiation:
In this, a beam of radiation is delivered from machine to cancer cells from outside of the body. This is similar to taking x-ray but patient exposed to high radiation. Now a days advanced techniques in external radiations used are 3 dimensional radiation therapy (3-D CRT) and intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT).

Prior to these techniques, CT scanning or MRI scanning was done to locate the cancer position. Then, radiation is sent from various angles to the cancer site. This lowers the effect of radiation on other parts of the body.

Radiation therapy is used alone if the tumor is small and can be cured where surgery is not required. Radiation therapy in combination with surgery to destroy if any cancer cells left out after surgery.
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Benefits of Cosmetic Dentistry

Cosmetic dentistry is performed for people who require improvements in their dental health and for the one’s who are effected with dental infections like teeth decay, gum diseases, etc. Cosmetic dentists perform the treatment based on the type of the problem the person is facing.

Types of cosmetic dentistry

  • Teeth whitening
  • Teeth bleaching
  • Dental veneers
  • Dental bonding
  • Enamel shaping
  • Crowns/bridges/braces
  • Dental implants
  • Tooth restorations
  • Composite fillings, etc

Benefits of cosmetic dentistry:

  • Most of the cosmetic dentistry treatments are painless
  • Treatments carried out takes no long procedures and need less appointments with dentist
  • After treatment your confidence will increase
  • You will have better health
  • Faded and damaged teeth will be removed and implanted
  • Improves the appearance of teeth
  • Improves your personal and social life
  • Boosts your self-esteem
  • Through this treatment you can have natural looking teeth
  • Cosmetic dentistry is completely different from other traditional dentistry methods like restorative and general dentistry
  • Some materials used in cosmetic dentistry make teeth stay stronger for long time

Materials used in cosmetic dentistry procedures:

  • In some treatments like tooth restorations and fillings, metals like gold, amalgam, etc., are used
  • Presently composite and porcelain materials are used in order to make the teeth look more naturally in structure
  • Silver fillings are replaced with mercury
  • Metals like cast gold and zirconia are used to strengthen the teeth

Materials used in cosmetic dentistry treatments do not have side effects and in fact gives natural look to your mouth.

How long cosmetic dentistry treatments will last?
It depends on the treatment and the precautions. After treatment you have to maintain your teeth in good and hygienic conditions by taking proper care like brushing your teeth twice a day with dentist recommended tooth pastes and gels, visiting the dentist after treatment at least once in a month and take some suggestions from the dentist, have healthy dietary habits, etc. These all will make your cosmetic dentistry treatment last for a long time without any problems, otherwise it leads to re-treatment.

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What is tooth whitening and why is it necessary?

Dentist LondonTooth Whitening is a treatment that is given to the people with stained and with parts discolored. It is not a dental procedure, but is a part of cosmetic treatment. It improves your teeth color and makes them bright. The procedure should be repeated from time to time to if you want to make your teeth look bright all the time.

This treatment is mostly done to the people who have the stained teeth, people who get older will have dark teeth, people who smoke regularly, people who drink tea, coffee and wine. People with white spots on their teeth were also required to take this treatment. Apart from this, there are many other reasons for tooth whitening.

Types of tooth whitening?
Usually there are two procedures of tooth whitening:

1. Dentist supervised teeth whitening and.
2. Self whitening your teeth.

Dentist supervised tooth whitening

  • Here a gum-shield is kept in your mouth and a gel used for whitening your teeth is put on the trays and you will be guided to do it daily.
  • Another whitening product given by doctor to whiten the teeth is, carbamide peroxide or hydrogen peroxide which is called as active ingredient.

Self whitening your teeth
In this procedure, after the doctor’s treatment they will suggest you to apply some gels which is used for whitening for a period of two to four weeks.

How teeth whitening helps you?
This treatment helps your teeth stain free and makes it look good and bright for a long period of time. But there are some side effects during the cold and if there is no proper care taken after the treatment. But these symptoms does not stay longer. If it stays for a long time, you should consult a dentist.

How long the effect of tooth whitening helps your teeth?
After the person is treated with tooth whitening it stays for a long period of time if he is away from smoking and drinking and it varies from person to person and the treatment done.

Precautions to be taken after the treatment

  • Stay away from the smoking and drinking alcohol.
  • Avoid the foods that makes your teeth stain.
  • Foods like sugar contained and drinks must be avoided.
  • Brush your teeth twice a day.
  • Make sure to have a dental check-up at least once a month.

These precautions may help your teeth look bright for a long period of time without any effects and further treatments.
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