Archive for April, 2014

Benefits for the Employees of California

In order to attract competent people to serve the organizations, employee benefits would help the employers, in addition to the wages and compensation. Under the California laws, the following benefits are in force for the employees.

Vacation
Employers have the right to set the number of days for vacation of its employees, and the employees are eligible for the benefit. Also, employers are permitted to decide the things such as – when and how long the vacation could be taken by the employees.

Holidays
Employers in California are not obliged to give their employees, time off, for holiday. Common holidays in California include – New Year’s Day – January 1, Memorial Day – observed on the last Monday in the month of May, Independence Day – July 4, Labor Day – first Monday in the month of September, Veterans’ Day – November 11, Thanksgiving – fourth Thursday in November, and Christmas – December 25.

Employers need to give clarity on the consequences whether an employee is required to work on a day designed as a paid holiday.

Personal days
Personal days are those days, when an employee wants a holiday for a birthday or an anniversary or any event not connected with a particular general event. It depends on the employer’s definition for personal day – whether it should be paid at the termination of the employment relationship.

Sick leave
All California employees must be a member of State Disability Insurance Plan (SDI), which employees pay through payroll deduction; and employers are required to entertain paid sick leave to their employees as per the existing rules. An employee who works in California for 30 days or more, and on or after 1st July is eligible to get paid for the sick leave.

Paid Time Off
Paid Time Off (PTO) can include sick leave, personal days, and floating holidays. Bringing everything under PTO allows the employees to avail a few days leave for illness, holidays, and for undertaking other personal needs.

Employers should be aware that PTO is considered to be a vacation by the government. Therefore, employers must pay for the entire amount for accrued unused PTO, at time of termination of the employer.

Medical, dental, vision
It’s not mandatory for the employers in California to provide health insurance for their employees. Employers who do not want to opt for such benefits could participate in some of the group plans.

Retirement benefits
In California, employers may offer retirement benefits. However, the law here does not mandate them to extend retirement benefits to their employees. The retirement benefits offered, if any, must be clear to the employees. California courts can enforce the terms of retirement plans.
By following the norms of the retirement fund’s management, accounting information should be let known to the employees.
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Why and When to Use Wet Weather Tires?

Imagine you are riding a car when it’s raining. At a low speed, you don’t feel any difference from normal riding. But at higher speeds, one can feel the speed of the car getting affected. This is because of a phenomenon called ‘water planing’. Water resists the ply of the tires on the ground by forming a block on the area between the front of the tire and the ground. This affects driving performance increases the possibility or skidding. Rain tires are sometimes designed to have a smaller diameter. This helps the tire to rotate faster and displace more water overcoming centripetal force. Sometimes they are also narrower than other tires. This reduced footprint of the tires helps avoid hydroplaning.

Structure
Water displacement is the first and foremost job of a wet-weather tire. Multiple features of the wet weather tires aim at providing this. One such feature is the rain groove. How does a rain groove work? The area of the tire that comes in contact with the earth is called the contact patch. This contact should always remain for movement to happen. Because of this, the area of the tire that is in contact with the road is made to flatten and then regain the normal shape. In dry conditions, this happens normally with no obstruction.

But in conditions like when it is raining, this process gets affected. Maintaining the same amount of contact with water on the ground is difficult. When there is an excess amount of water collected in the road, hydro planing can go up to the extent of completely disconnecting the tire from the ground. Hydroplaning causes a lot of accidents every year.

A rain groove pulls water away from the area of contact of the tire with the ground. To combat water on the roadway and lower the risk of hydroplaning, tires are fitted with rain grooves. This is achieved by properly designed patterns and correctly arranged voids. The patterns are angled so that water is directed away from the center of the tire whereas the voids serve as a channel to displace the sidelined water.

Rubber
Rain tires are made from soft rubber. Softer rubber helps in having a better grip in wet conditions and they also help in building up heat inside the tire. The rubber used in wet weather tires comprises oils and chemicals. When introduced to heat, the tire tends to become sticky due to these elements and start to deteriorate. The softer the tire is, the weaker it is when exposed to heat. One of the methods drivers use to avoid tire deterioration while wet conditions are getting dried up is driving purposely on stagnated puddles of water to cool the tires.

Advantages of wet-weather tires
Improved safety- wet weather poses some of the most dangerous driving conditions; from reduced visibility to slippery roads during winter and autumn months. These tires provide improved braking performance and traction on these wet roads for safe riding.
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Staycation is a Great Way to Enjoy Summer at Home

The word staycation has become popular in last two years. Due to financial crises, people are choosing this type of entertainment. Today, fuel and hotel price price spike. Therefore, those who want enjoy within your budget, it is the best option. If you are on staycation, you stay home with families and plan for a local trip or some thing different to routine life. If you want to make your staycation memorable for your children and for your family, you need to plan perfectly. Following are a few tips to select your vacation trip.

Take a trip to the big city
if any city is near to your place, then you can select that for your trip. Because it is very helpful for you according to the budget level. And you need to plan like visiting museums and one day event activities like that. Even your kids also enjoys a lot in this type of trips.

Switch homes with someone you know
If anyone of your friends are living in near beaches or near to mountains you can invite them to your place, may be they want to enjoy your location and in return you can ask for staying their place. It is like exchanging places for a shorter span. It will decrease your hotel rentals and all.

Camping
Camping is also one of the best way to enjoy and relax. Even your kids also likes because sleeping outdoors under the stars is a thrilling experience to everyone. If you want to go like with group of people like friends and families you can arrange one camp fire. Getting some food along with you saves your money. And you can share it with friends, and you can taste their food. You can get all the tents are required materials for rent with an affordable price. Just check out the whether forecast before you go. And according to that you can plan.

Have a party
If you are not planning to move anywhere then you just do a party in your back yard. You can invite the friends for party and planning for some games and events will give more interesting to everyone.

Take a day trip
It is just like picnic just have your breakfast at home and pack your lunch and then go for a day trip. It is better way to go a trip in budget.
By all the above ideas you can enjoy your staycation.
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Technical Features and Advantages of In-line Engines or Straight Engines

Structure
In-line engines are a type of internal-combustion engines, where the cylinders are arranged in a single row. The crankshaft is placed perpendicular to the pistons and all the cylinder heads move in the same direction, rotating the crankshaft. They come in four, six and eight cylinder configurations and are used in automobiles and air crafts.

Advantages
a) In-line engines are very easy to build because the cylinders and the crankshaft can be fixed in the same casting. Straight engines have smaller physical dimensions compared to other engines and thus, installing them becomes easier. They also have a support bearing between each piston.

Usage
a) It is the most common 4-cylinder configuration seen in automobiles, whereas engines like straight-five have evolved into v5 engines. Some companies that have used straight engines in the cars are, Acura, Audi, Mercedes-Benz, Toyota, Volkswagen, Volvo BMW, Chevrolet, etc.

a) In-line-4
An inline-4 engine has 4 cylinders. An important characteristic of in-line four engines is the use of balancing shafts. During rotation, however, improperly arranged cylinders create an imbalance, which leads to undesirable vibration. This vibration increases with RPM. A balance shaft reduces this by nullifying the imbalance.

b) Straight-five
A straight-five engine has five cylinders, with two heads moving in one and the other three moving in the opposite direction. The straight-5 engine is a mix of both a straight 4 and straight six. It is longer in size and costs more to manufacture than the straight-4, but is comparatively much smoother.

c) Straight-six
Having six cylinders, the straight-six has been used by BMW, Chrysler, Chevrolet, etc. In straight four and straight six engines, due to the even number of cylinders, there has to be secondary vibration. While it is corrected in straight-4 by using a balancing shaft, straight does not use any. The secondary vibration is controlled by using crankshaft dampers.

d) Straight-eight
The straight-eight engine has eight cylinders in a straight line. It naturally has inherent primary and secondary balance, thus the crankshaft has no primary or secondary forces acting upon it. However, there is torsional vibration, and a harmonic damper is needed to cancel it. The straight six also has inbuilt balancing features, but the straight-eight has more strokes per revolution and the result is smoother functioning.

Balance shafts: In inline-4 engines, due to the asymmetry of the design, they have an inherent second order vibration. This cannot be overcome, no matter how well balanced the components are. To overcome this, the balancing shaft is used, which rotates in the opposite direction to that of the engine. This is commonly used in inline-4 engines and used in inline-6.
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