Archive for October, 2012

Risk Factors that Can Increase Chances of Teen Substance Abuse

Teens are more likely to develop a drug abusing habit with higher exposure to risk factors. These risk factors may be understood as the negative characteristics of various domains like individual, parents, peer, school and community which are potential enough to initiate and increase the drug abusing behavior.

Teenagers are just transformed from children to adolescents. Therefore, they are not capable enough to cope up with these factors and become their victim. The below is the information of various risk factors faced by teenagers, their signs, development of drug abuse and dealing with these risk factors.

Early childhood risks: The risk factors associated with their childhood influence a teen greatly to take up drug abuse. Exposure to early childhood risks such as aggressive behavior, drug abusing family or peer group, drug availability in school, lack of parental supervision and poverty make a teen more prone to this unhealthy habit. The presence of these risk factors in a teenager’s life can be identified by few signs in his personal and social environment.

Signs of risk: Few signs found in an individual, his family and his social life help in predicting the risks of future drug abuse in that individual. These signs of risk vary depending up on the different stages in the life of an individual. The signs which point towards risk of drug abuse at later stages of life in an individual are:

  • Behavioral signs such as aggressive behavior, lack of self control or bad temperament in the stages of early childhood.
  • Family situations such as lack of affection from parents or caregivers, bad parenting, having a drug abusing parent or a caregiver or belief that drug abusing habit will be tolerated by parents.
  • Situations in social environment such as poor classroom behavior, lack of social skills, academic failure, association with drug abusing peer group or easy drug availability.

These signs when neglected develop in to a potential drug abusing habit in teens.

Early substance abuse include: In the early stages of developing drug abuse, teens generally begin with substances such as alcohol, inhalants, tobacco, marijuana and prescription drugs such as anti-anxiety medicines and sleeping pills. In the later adolescence, marijuana abuse may increase which may also advance to abusing of other drugs. Various studies have indicated that the involvement in drugs is higher in the stages of early childhood and early adolescence.

Protective factors can reduce the risk: In contrary to risk factors, protective factors are those which decrease the risk of drug abuse in teens. Acting as solutions for the problems posed by the risk factors they create a positive environment for teens, thus protecting them from the risk of drug abuse. The various protective factors are self-control, academic competence, anti-drug use policies, strong neighborhood attachment, strong bond between children and parents, parental monitoring and involvement in child’s life, establishing clear limits, consistent enforcement of discipline and strengthening learning and bonding at school by addressing poor concentration and aggressive behaviors of children.

Risks can be changed through intervention at right time: Various studies have found that children are more prone to risk of drug abuse during the transition periods like advancing from a baby life to school, then from elementary to middle school and then to high school level. Therefore, the prevention intervention programs need to be planned to strengthen the protective factors by providing skills and support to the youth at every stage of development, thus reducing the risk of drug abuse.

These risks can be prevented by family, school and community members interventions which focus on helping teens to develop the right, appropriate and positive behaviors. Coming up with strategies that encourage the implementation of protective factors will help in preventing the risk factors.
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Want to Know about Roof Coatings?

A roof coating is a layer or a film. It is a monolithic, fully adhered, fluid applied on the top surface of the roof. Some of the roof coating materials can be polyurethane, and acrylic paints; single-ply roofing sheets made of rubber, plastic, or PVC; clay or concrete tiles; and metal, available in both natural and dark-colored sheets. Some can be applied with brushes and some are applied with the help of tools and equipment. This layer has elastic properties that allow it to stretch and return to their original shape without damage.

Roof coating dry film thickness varies between 3 dry mils to more than 40 dry mils (here one dry mil = single coat of paint). We can say that a roof coating is actually a top layer of a composite roof membrane and underlying system. As such, the roof coating is the topmost layer used to protect the roof membrane, impact of sunlight (both infrared and ultraviolet (UV)), rain, hail, hot, cold, and physical damages.

Whenever roof coats are applied correctly on the roof, these coats are not seen and also these roof coatings are used to solve roof leaks on any type of roofs. Some coatings like field-applied reflective coatings will keep the roof cool and extends the life of the roof up to 15 to 25 years.

For example in hot summer, the temperature on the uncoated roof around “175°F”. When white coating is applied to the same roof the temperature reduces to “79°F”. So, we can say that cool roof coatings can reduce the temperature of rooftop, lowers carbon emissions on the rooftop, and reduces the cost to air conditioners. Using these coatings we can reduce the effect of global warming.


Tips for Towel Care and Maintenance

There is nothing as helpful as a fresh and clean towel when you come out after a shower and bath. Each of us use our own towel in our house. After bathing or showering we use a towel to clean the wet on our body. Make sure that the towel is hang to dry up after using it.

Some care and maintenance is essential towards towels.

  • The towels should not be washed after each use. They wear out very quickly if washed frequently.
  • Wash the new towel with warm water before using it, in order to eliminate extra dyes and residues from manufacturing.
  • A good way of washing towels is by using white vinegar for every six to eight weeks.
  • You can use half the amount of detergents recommended by the manufacturer while washing towels.
  • Make sure that light and dark items are separately washed.
  • Avoid using fabric softeners, as they cause build up of residue on the fabric fibers.
  • Mild bleaching will help to prevent whites from dulling and to retain the color.
  • If the towels are dried in a dryer, it kills most of the bacteria.

With proper care and maintenance, towels appear clean and fresh. Free from bad smell, enables the towel to last longer. Looks fluffy and more absorbent. Gives a great look and feel to the user. Read the rest of this entry »

Tips for Computer Networking Security

site monitoringPaying attention on computer security is very important to every computer owners and companies. With the help of good networking security, it is possible to avoid the worries about virus attacks and protect applications from viruses.

You can provide security to your computer networking taking the following measures:

  • Use a good anti-virus program: Now a days we face great threat from viruses that affect our computers. We can control these virus attacks with a good anti-virus installation. Many anti-virus software are available. Choose the best one as per your need.
  • Make sure your virus definitions are up-to-date: Anti-virus software is a good source for detecting viruses. Update your computer with anti-virus programs.
  • Run regular virus scans: It is important to scan your machine with anti-virus which detects the virus.
  • Update your operating system regularly: Some operating systems give the automatic up-to-date facility; some are not, so you should update your operating system to prevent the new threats.
  • Configure and use firewalls: Firewalls require some effective configurations in some application running; you will configure it and use it properly. Firewalls provide security against virus software.
  • website monitoring service

  • Enables your router’s security features: Good routers incorporate security features into their fire ware. Enable password and encryption so people can’t enter in your workplace.
  • Install an anti-spy ware program: Viruses are not only the threats to network security, the spy-ware can present the major problems especially in the form of key loggers that steals your password. So install good anti spy ware program and protect your computer.
  • Use strong and varied password: Use strong pass words. It is the easiest way to give a security to your computer. The password should be lengthy and a combination of letters and numbers, so that it is not easy to find out for fraudsters.

In a computer networking, security is very important. It protects the applications and controls the threats. Read the rest of this entry »

Tips on Reducing your Water Consumption

There are a number of ways to reduce the water consumption which doesn’t require much effort. Here are some tips for water consumption.

  • Always check your faucets and pipes for leaks because a small drip from a worn faucet can cause waste of some gallons of water.
  • Turn off the tap when you are brushing and turn on when required.
  • Always run your washing machine and dishwasher whenever they are full, because it saves a lot of water.
  • Always wash fruit and vegetables in a bowl full of water this will help you to save water.
  • After washing the fruits and vegetables, pour remaining water to the plants.
  • Never use a pipe to clean your home instead, use bucket. This will help you save more water.
  • Instead of throwing aquarium water outside, pour this water to plants. It helps you fulfil the required nutritional elements to the plants.
  • Never use the toilet for flushing small things such as cigarettes, papers etc. Always use water for the intended one so that the water will not be wasted.
  • Use water-saving shower heads and low-flow faucet aerators in your bathrooms so that the water will not be wasted.
  • If you want to bath with shower, then turn off the shower while you soap and then turn on the shower while you rinse.
  • Never put the sprinkler for smaller gardens to wet. Always use the sprinkler whenever you are having larger garden areas.
  • Pour water to your lawn whenever it is required.
  • While cleaning the car, never let the water to flow freely.

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Which Vitamins are Good for Hair Growth?

Many people tend to use a variety of shampoos and conditioners to treat hair loss. But, the root cause of hair loss varies depending on various issues such as stress, poor nutrition in diet, age, diseased condition, family history, etc. Based on the cause, you can treat the issue of hair loss.
Vitamin deficiency is found to be the main cause of hair loss. This article discusses the importance of vitamins and the role they play in building healthy and strong hair.
Vitamins such as A, B, C and E play an essential role in hair formation and nourishment.

Vitamin A
Vitamin A is essential for hair growth, it produces a sticky substance called sebum on the scalp. Sebum contains necessary proteins like keratin that provides nourishment to hair. Diets rich in vitamin A help you maintain strong, shiny, moisturized and well-conditioned hair. Vitamin A is found in a variety of food sources such as milk, eggs, cereals, nuts, vegetables and fruits.

Vitamin B
Vitamin B and its subtypes are important in maintaining healthy growth of hair. Vitamin B3, also know as niacin, is necessary for a well maintained and healthy scalp. The scalp is provided with sebacious glands and blood supply, which is necessary for supplying nourishment and moisture to the hair.

Other subtypes such as vitamin B5 (pantotheninc acid), B6 (pyridoxine), B12 (cyanocobalamine) promote blood circulation to the scalp, which prevents breakage of strands of hair and hair loss. Vitamin B7 or biotin protects hair from dryness and provides elasticity to hair. The important sources of vitamin B are bread, legume seeds, dates, wholegrain cereals, potatoes, banana, etc.

Vitamin C
Vitamin C is a water soluble nutrient and is important in improving blood circulation in the scalp to cause new hair growth. Oranges, lemons, tomatoes, sweet potatoes, vegetables, etc. are rich in vitamin C.

Vitamin E
Vitamin E is fat soluble and is found in food sources like whole-grains, edible vegetables oils, mangoes and green vegetables. Vitamin E is considered one of the best vitamins to treat hair loss, because of its antioxidant properties, which prevent damage to hair cells. Vitamin E is found in eggs, liver, nuts, spinach, green leafy vegetables, avocados, tomatoes, corn, etc.

Don’t panic if you lose 50 to 100 strands of hair a day, it is healthy and normal. If you are experiencing hair loss more than normal, you need to consider it seriously taking foods that are high in vitamins. This helps you maintain strong, healthy, shiny and well-conditioned hair.
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Tips for Keeping the House Cool

Due to global warming, most people are facing uncomfortable in summers because of heat. So, in order to keep their house cool they purchase AC, coolers etc, that give a lot of burden to them in the terms of electricity bills.

Here are some of the tips for keeping your home cool:

  • When the outside air is cooler than the inside air of your home then open your windows so that your home occupies a breeze of fresh and cool air.
  • Never open your windows whenever outside air is so hot because your home will occupies hot air.
  • Have window tinting to your home which prevents the sun rays entering into your home and makes your home so cool.
  • Never open your windows whenever the sun is hitting the glass otherwise the temperature in your home will be increased.
  • To some extent ceiling fans are helpful in making your home cool. The cost of ceiling fans in the electricity bill is less even you run them continuously.
  • Air-conditioning is the best choice for keeping your home cool but it will lead to heavy electricity bill.
  • Install white window shades, drapes, or blinds to reflect heat away from the house.
  • Never use the appliances that emit heat with the other appliances this will lead to raise in interior room temperature.
  • Never cook the food items whenever the interior of your house is so hot. Always get the interior air out by using vent fans.
  • If you have curtains to windows or doors then cover the windows.
  • Plant shade tress around the house so that most of the sun rays won’t fall on your home.

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Role of a Lawyer in Home Purchasing Process in USA

Of late, home buying/purchasing has become more complex. The best buying process also involves legal jargon and complicated language. There will be some unscrupulous property sellers who take the advantage of inexperience home buyers. It is, therefore, important to hire a real estate attorney; s/he can save you from making costly mistakes throughout the complete complicated process. It is better if you consult the real estate attorney before you take any step in purchasing a home and most importantly before signing any legal document.

The first step in the process is acceptance of an offer to purchase. The brokers most often prepare an offer letter in the pre-printed standard form.

The role of the lawyer in home purchasing is as follows:

  • Provide an overview of the process.
  • Protects the buyer interest that is s/he examine all the documents before you sign them and look after your interest in the overall home buying process, negotiate the seller’s attorney.
  • Negotiate the purchase and sale agreement as it is an important legal document in property purchase. At the time of closing the document, it is required to deposit the money along with other valuable information. The real estate attorney will examine whether all the important documents are addressed in the agreement.
  • Negotiate, explain, draft, and review your contract to purchase.
  • Negotiate and communicate repair issues related by your home inspector.
  • Examine the commitment and the survey to determine that you are purchasing property contracted for without title defects you have not agreed to accept.
  • Explain all the contract contingencies, if any monitor deadlines to make sure those contingencies to meet.
  • Explain the mortgage financing options and verify and also explain the tax pro rations and also other closing figures
  • Attend the closing to ensure the compliance and to review the home documents, to verify your loan agreement and after closing, review the recorded deed and the final title insurance policy for accuracy.
  • If you hire a real-estate attorney all you have to do is make the agreed upon the escrow payment, s/he will administer the escrow account and also ensure that the fund is properly distributed among the property inspectors, sellers and also to the title examiners.

The whole process can be said in the short, that the real estate attorney looks after your interest in over all the home buying process. S/he mostly acts behind the scene, apart from the examining the legal aspects. It is also the duty of the attorney to monitor the other members progress in a home buying team that includes real estate agents, property appraisers etc. In the other words it is said that the real-estate attorney administers the overall procedure of the home purchasing so that you do not face any problem and you get the best possible deal in home buying.
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