Archive for April, 2011

GIS Software For Petroleum Industry

A geographic information system (GIS) is a systems that captures, stores, analyzes, manages, presents the data related to a geographical location. GIS can be used in areas like archaeology, geography, cartography, remote sensing, land surveying, public utility management, natural resource management, precision agriculture, photogrammetry, urban planning, emergency management and petroleum industry.

Use of GIS in the petroleum industry is growing and it is used as a powerful tool for analyzing and displaying data. GIS can be applied in the various stages in the extraction of the petroleum industry and these are given below:

Petroleum Exploration:
GIS helps the petroleum exploration process by integrating data related to satellite imagery, seismic surveys, digital aerial photo mosaics, surface geology studies, subsurface and cross section interpretations and images, well locations, and existing infrastructure information and images developed by combining the data which can reveal underground geological information. GIS also used to create reconnaissance maps and GIS technology helps the exploration and exploitation teams to share information, analyze data in new ways, and integrate the evaluation process.

GIS technology is used for the analysis of geographic, infrastructure, business conditions, and environmental factors and these are integrated with other business risk or economic business planning engines to provide a focused business solution tool set.

Facilities Management:
An oil company must keep good track of every step in the process from drilling platforms to pipeline networks to get competitive advantage.

Pipeline Management:
Flow of oil in the pipelines and the condition of pipelines can be monitored by GIS programs and company can determine the best pipeline locations to transport oil off the fields and to the refineries.

GIS software, of late has gained increased importance in petroleum industry. This has led to the revolutionizing of traditional practices in petroleum industry.


Know About Enterprise Software

Enterprise software is used in the organizations like business or government organizations and it also commonly called as enterprise application software (EAS). It is the integral part of information system implemented in the business. Enterprise software provides tools useful in the business process such as online shopping and online payment processing, interactive product catalogue, automated billing systems, security, content management, IT service management, customer relationship management, resource planning, business intelligence, HR management, manufacturing, application integration, and forms automation.

Enterprise software is hosted on a server and it provides services for large number of the employees in the organization at a time. It also performs business functions such as order processing, procurement, production scheduling, customer information management, and accounting.

Enterprise software can be developed and implemented by an information technology team with in a company or it can be purchased from out side software developer. Along with this, installation, customization, and maintenance can also be outsourced to an IT consulting company. The other form of enterprise software is software as a service or software on demand, in which the enterprise software can be accessed by the company through the internet and the payment can be made as per the use. In this process, Software as a Service vendors maintain enterprise software on servers within their own company data center and the customers can access the software via the Internet.

Enterprise software can also be categorized based on the business functions it performs and these forms includes accounting software or sales force automation software. The enterprise software is also available according to the needs of different industries such as health care industry and the manufacturing industry.

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How to Loose Weight with Perfect Diet Plan

One of the healthiest ways to lose weight is to draw up a diet plan for losing weight and this is more effective as the body tends to favor slow changes with respect to exercise and food. Following are the few ideas to reduce the weight in a healthy way:

  • A diet for losing weight should aim at decreasing the fat levels in the body as they contain the highest level of calories than the other foods.
  • It is better to avoid long periods of starvation before taking a main meal, as this will lead to increased hunger, and ultimately ending up with high intake of food.
  • Foods like cereals, grains and its products and fresh fruits and vegetables etc, contains less fats but contains high nutrients and fibers which keep the body healthy and helps to lose weight.
  • Before starting the meals it is good to eat a bowl of vegetable salad without any fats as the fresh vegetables will satisfy the hunger to some extent and taking less amount of other foods.
  • To provide proteins for the body eat egg yolks, fat free dairy products, fish, de skinned poultry and meat in moderation.
  • It is better to avoid foods which are rich in calories and which contain high levels of saturated fats like fried foods, junk foods like cheese pizzas, cheese burgers, cakes, pastries, cookies, wafers, chips, carbonated beverages, colas and sodas.
  • As a part of diet to lose weight one must drink lots of water to keep the body hydrated.
  • By doing some physical activities like swimming, cycling, jogging, skipping, playing table tennis or brisk walking the person can lose the weight.

Diet plays a crucial role in loosing weight. To loose weight one need not go on crash diets, but it is good to take a wholesome and limited diet.

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Common Mistakes While Doing Risk Mitigation in Personal Finance

A cover that reduces either the probability or consequence of threat to the financial safeguard of a person- that may ensue in the event of exigencies such as the demise of the individual in a road accident etc. is referred to as ‘risk mitigation’. The rising cost of healthcare has made it necessary for every individual to cover himself/herself and his/her family from financial instability that may arise in case of hospitalization. Considering today’s lifestyle, every individual is exposed to various hazards such as road accidents, injuries, illness etc. while traveling to work place or back home.

Also, the impact of inflation is not taken into account by individuals. Inflation has a debilitating effect on your income- eroding your wealth over time. Today most people do not take care to mitigate the risk inherent in their investments/savings as well as in insurance cover. They, thus commit grievous mistake by taking an ill-advised decision with their hard earned money- the key aspect of their future survival. In this article, we look into some of the mistakes, people often commit with regard to their money in not considering the importance of insurance and investments in their life.

Mistake #1: Inadequate or No Medical Insurance Cover
Despite you are aware of the need of insurance, you tend to ignore it to cover yourself and your family against the risk of unfavorable aspects, thinking that you cannot afford because of the prohibitory premiums. This kind of mindset will not benefit you, if you pay large amount in the future for a mishap instead of paying small premiums today. In such a case the key earner of the family should feel responsible to protect his dependents (family members) by considering taking a good medical insurance cover. This helps you to reduce/eliminate the risk and danger of getting into financial ruin.

Mistake #2: Not Saving For Things Other Than Monthly Expenses
Today, a vast majority of the people in India, don’t have any emergency fund to help them, if situation demands. People just ignore to save for things other than monthly expenses. This happens because of want of planning about an emergency fund and habit of regular savings. If you have a habit of saving money for the things other than monthly expenses, you can earn a profitable return on your savings for vehicle down payment, house purchase, marriage, computer etc.

Mistake #3: Avoiding Term Insurance – Focusing On Money Back Policies
There are term policies which provide only insurance cover till the end of policy term. There are ULIPs, Money back and endowment policies in market that provide insurance cover along with the returns at the end of the policy period. Most people find the second option better and the insurance agent would also tell you the same, but indeed, that is not the case. Term insurance for a fraction of the cost of a money back policy can provide lot more insurance.

When you don’t have much income and have dependents whose financial needs are dependent on your income, you must take a term insurance policy on yourself for 7 times of your annual income. So, in case of your survival or death, you and your family would be at benefit if you opt for pure term policy.

Mistake #4: Ignoring the Impact of Inflation
Inflation grinds to halt all your financial progress and the value of your investments. There are many people who simply buy sub-optimal financial instruments without calculating the risk with proper guidance or research. Many seem going overboard in high risk investments resulting low or no profits in long-term. Always proper research about the performance of the asset class or the financial instrument is required duly considering the impact of inflation. Else, you may end up getting negative returns on your investments.

Mistake #5: Delaying Investment – Ignoring Retirement Planning
A small investment today will make a big amount in future. If we have the benefit of safe deposits with power of compounding, then what is the need for delaying investment? Many people seem to think that they need to consider retirement planning only after getting the age of 50. In fact, retirement planning carried out at early age will give huge rewards. If you do not make investment decision now, you may not get the opportunity of earning a substantial surplus in future.

Mistake #6: No Proper Accident Insurance
Lastly, the accidental insurance, probably the cheapest of all types of insurance, is ignored by many people. The cost of the policy ranges from Rs.500 to Rs.900 for a large insured amount of Rs.10 lakhs. Many salaried individuals do not understand the importance of accident policy. Think practically for a moment: can’t you keep a side Rs.900 per year for an unexpected adverse incident? You can do this by deploying your bonus/surplus from your annual income. A casual attitude towards sudden disaster in your life will put your family members in a vulnerable situation. Get insurance to protect your dependents.

Thus, in order to ensure that your family lives a healthy lifestyle, get adequate insurance and pray that you get no diseases or met accidents. Also, a small investment at early age will take you to better financial situation. So, overcome your mistakes by doing risk mitigation in your personal finance.
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Best Practices For Implementation of SaaS

Software as a service is a process in which the software can be accessed by the company through the internet and the payment can be made as per theLegal billing software use. In this process Software as a Service vendors maintain enterprise software on servers within their own company data center and the customers can access the software via the Internet. It can also be called as software on demand.

Following are the steps for implementing the SaaS in an organization:

Choosing Right SaaS Vendor:
While choosing a vendor for SaaS it is important to consider vendor’s ability to provide best services for specific implementation and industry, the level of flexibility provided in the application, ability to expand beyond a single customer service channel, and a proven strategy for migrating from SaaS to on premise implementations.

Evaluating Practices:
It is also important for the companies to take care of the deployment time and the content that will effectively help users refine queries and deliver targeted, relevant answers with the very first use.

Ask For Customization:
Generally SaaS vendors offers only one application model for all customers and there is no difference in the application used by the company and the competitors application. So it is better to opt for the SaaS applications which are customized according to the needs of the organization and provide competitive advantage.

Planning For Unknown:
It is better to choose SaaS for a complete solution rather than for a single solution because customers are demanding for multichannel access. Customers want the ability to move seamlessly from phone to email to chat to web co browsing and receive the same consistent experience.
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Software Configuration Management and Its Uses

In software engineering, software configuration management is used to track and control the changes in the software. Revision control and establishment of baselines are the practices used in configuration management. Experts define software configuration management as a “set of activities designed to control change by identifying the work products that are likely to change, establishing relationships among them, defining for managing different versions of these work products, controlling the changes imposed, and auditing and reporting on the changes made.”

Uses of the software configuration management are:

  • It is used for identification of configurations, configuration items and baselines.
  • It is used for configuration status accounting which involves recording and reporting the necessary information on status of the development process.
  • Configuration auditing which ensures configurations contain all their intended parts and are sound with respect to their specifying documents.
  • It is used to control the configuration and it is done by setting up a change control board and its function is to approve or reject all change requests that are sent against any baseline.
  • It is also used to manage the process and tools used for the builds, manages the software and hardware that host the system.
  • It also enhances the team work by coordinating the team and also makes sure that every defect is tracked.
  • It also gives support for the organization’s development process.

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Know how to Make your Own Glow stick at Home

Everyone of us wish to enjoy well in parties. People of all ages, youth and kids in particular, are more interested to use glow sticks at parties. Glow necklaces and glow bracelets are the most popular items of glow sticks. However, you can use a glow stick for improving an aesthetic sense of many other items. You can make glow hats, glow balls, and so on. Glow sticks are inexpensive and you can get them at much cheaper prices when purchased in bulk and online. However, you can make your own glow stick at home to save money. The process of making a glow stick is very easy or simple and it also gives fun to your kids.

Are you interested in making your own glow stick? Then go and get a plastic tube, LED flash light, and an electrical tape. Use an older glow stick tube which no longer glows. Cut the end of the tube and empty the contents present in it. You can also use any other neat and clear plastic tube available in your home. Clean the tube thoroughly. Now, two cuts are made lengthwise on the tip and at the end of the clear plastic tube. Then, the small LED flashlight has to be placed into the slits with the light facing into the glow stick. Use an electrical tape to tape or seal it thoroughly. That’s it. Your glow stick is ready to use.

If you wish to make a glow stick using chemicals, then browse the internet to know about the chemicals used. Purchase the ones that are non-toxic and easily available in the market that can be used to prepare the glow stick. Add appropriate amounts of the chemicals into the clear plastic tube. Ensure that you wear gloves to avoid contact with the chemicals. Sealing the tube properly completes the process of making the glow stick. It can be used for fun or as emergency and safety light at home.


Know About The Development Of Universal Product Code (UPC)

The universal product code (UPC) is a barcode symbology which is used to decode the information about the products. Wallace Flint was the first person to invent automated check out system, in the year 1932. Bernard Silver and Norman Joseph Woodland printed barcodes using ink and patented this technology. In the 196os multicolor barcodes were used to track rail cars. Six industry associations, consisting of members from product manufacturing units and supermarkets, created an industry wide committee. They worked for two years and developed the Universal Product Code (U.P.C) bar code symbol on April 1, 1973. But it was in June 1974, the U.P.C was first commercially used on a package of Wrigley’s gum.

According to an analysis, $17 billion is saved by the grocery industry annually in the year 1999. This system is useful for customers as the system improved the efficiency and the productivity which reduced the costs or increased the customer service. It also benefited the manufacturer and the retailer but it is the retailer who made most out of it because in addition to the savings, retailers now had access to detailed product movement data.

U.P.C. is being used by nearly 10,000 companies, almost in all the grocery industry of US. Today, there are over one million companies in more than 100 countries in over twenty different industry sectors, enjoying the benefits of scanning. U.P.C. symbols are used in industries such as retailing, construction, utilities, cosmetics, Pharmaceutical, publishing, Shipping, Grocery, Manufacturing Industry, postal, aerospace, automobile, software industry, etc. Today, there are two dimensional bar codes such as PDF 417 and Maxi Code. RSS and Composite symbologies are useful in barcode identification of very small items such as individual pills or a single strawberry.

Invention of U.P.C had revolutionized the barcode technology. It has made the usage of barcode very user friendly.

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Evolution of the Barcode Scanners

A barcode scanner is an electronic machine used to read the printed barcodes. A group of Harvard students developed a system based on cards with punch holes in them. The modern day barcode technology is a result of research made by Bernard Silver and Norman Woodland in 1948 for which they received a patent.

The first bar code had only four lines with black lines on a white background. Later, a system of concentric circles was introduced, but it is failed and the standard became the lines. The bar code patent was sold to RCA in 1952. National Cash Register (NCR) made use of the UPC scanners first in a Kroger grocery store in Cincinnati, Ohio in 1967. The codes were not on the packages themselves, but were printed on stickers that the store employees put on each product. The product that is scanned first is Wrigley’s Gum. In North America the two popular systems are UPC (Universal Product Code) system established in 1973 and ISBN. ISBN codes are used for books and textbooks, and they also contain figures that distinguish the product. UPC codes are employed for most other products sold in the United States and Canada.

In the modern world there are different types of technologies used in the scanners to read the barcodes like Pen type readers, Laser scanners, CCD readers, Camera based readers, Omni directional barcode scanners, Cell phone cameras etc. At present barcodes are available in two types one is linear and the other is 2 Dimensional.

A barcode system is incomplete without barcode scanners. Due to the awareness of benefits of barcode technology, the usage of barcode scanners has increased to a large extent, thereby increasing its demand in the market.

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Design and Styles of Special Occasion Dress for Women

To look chic and fashionable for a special occasion, like wedding reception or a cocktail party, it is very important to be dressed right. The dressing must be classy and elegant for such occasions. Choose a dress that fits your body shape and structure and also choose accessories that matches with the dress. Given below are some designs and styles in dresses which are suitable for wearing in a special occasion for women:

Sequin Dress:
Select a sequin dress that is mid thigh length or a full body sequin that is in dull gold, silver and copper colors. Sequin dresses are very glamorous by themselves. Care should be taken to accessorize it, if not so they can look over the top.

White Lace Dress:
White lace dresses are best suited for summer parties. A white lace dress which is mid thigh length with a short ruffled sleeve is one of the best designs in party dresses. A white lace dress can be accessorized with a jewel colored floral scarf and red peep toes and long gold chain with an interesting pendant.

Bandage Dress:
Bandage dress also known as body con dress and is available in darker shades like black, chocolate, rust, burgundy and deep wine, etc. It is the suitable dress to wear to a party. The best accessories for such a dress is a layered chain necklace, stacked bangles and high heeled booties.

One Shouldered Dress:
One shouldered dress with an asymmetrical hemline in fabrics like chiffon, organza is the one of the best suitable dresses to wear to a special occasion. A raw silk patterned one shouldered dress in soft colors like dusky pink, lavender, apple green, champagne and rose pink is also an better option for a party. Pair such romantic dresses with accessories like suede pumps and chandelier earrings.

Maxi Dress:
Many women think that maxi dress is not suitable for a party but a maxi dress with the right design, silhouette and pattern can look very attractive. The silhouette should be well tailored and the hemlines should fall below the ankle. A strapless maxi dress when paired with gladiator sandals and a single bejeweled cuff looks very great.

Special occasions require special dressing, therefore what can be the best option than the above designs.

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