Archive for February, 2011

Want to Know about Wrongful Termination Laws?

An unfair employment discharge due to unlawful reason is termed as wrongful termination. If an employee is terminated based on the race, age, disability, or gender, it can be considered as a wrongful termination. Sometimes employers also fire individuals if they come to know that a person has filed a claim of discrimination against the employer. Wrongful dismissal may also be evident when an employee refuses to commit an illegal act suggested by the employer. There are certain wrongful termination laws to help employees regarding these issues.

The laws that protect employees from termination due to unlawful reasons are called wrongful termination laws. The laws are different for different jurisdictions. Filings based on discrimination, breach of contract, harassment, or retaliation are concerned with these laws.

The wrongful termination laws are pertained to all the companies which are under the particular jurisdiction. However, they are enforced only when a complaint is given by the employee. The complaint is taken from an employee for a wrongful termination action against the employee only after being fired. There are different rules for determining the process of a wrongful termination action.

It is necessary to file a formal lawsuit against the company in a court at some severe instances. Also, the employment disputes must be kept before the law officials. If an employee feels that he or she is fired because of discrimination, then a proof has to be showed to the law officers regarding it. A strong proof for the cause of discrimination or any other reason can make a wrongful dismissal case successful. On the basis of documented violations written in the laws, the employer is punished.

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Vitamin B6: Function, Sources, Consequences of Deficiency and Toxicity

Vitamin B6 helps for many body functions that includes, the maintenance of brain and nervous system, immune system, cell metabolism, helps in the formation of red blood cells, prevents skin problems like acne, hemoglobin synthesis, it also assists in reducing depression, stress.

The foods containing vitamin B6 are fish, meat, eggs, milk, vegetables like broccoli, spinach, asparagus, potatoes, turnip greens, green peas and also from banana, sunflower seeds, chicken, turkey, poultry, fortified cereals, corn, Brussels sprouts, soy beans, cashew nuts, mushrooms etc.

The risk of deficiency is more when not consumed in sufficient amounts in diet. And the deficiency symptoms include fatigue, weakness, depression, dermatitis (problems related to skin), confusion, malaise, anemia, neurological symptoms.

Deficiency of vitamin B6 leads to the damage of nervous system, mucous membranes, brain system, blood circulation system, damages the skin causing skin problems.

People who smoke and those who are under medication may also need to consume more vitamin B6 as they will be considered under deficiency.

Excess consumption of vitamin B6 food is also not recommended as it may lead to some other problems like nerve damage.

The toxicity of vitamin B6 is found in case it is consumed in large doses as supplements. However, toxicity does not occur because of the vitamin in natural food sources. Although it is a water-soluble vitamin and can be eliminated or destroyed through urine, excess of vitamin B6 storage leads to neurological problems.

Vitamin B6 can also be obtained from supplements containing B-Complex vitamins or B6 alone vitamin if not able to obtain from food sources.
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Vitamin K: Sources, Consequences of Deficiency

Vitamin K plays an important role in blood clotting process and to maintain healthy and strong bones. Vitamin K is a fat-soluble and can be made in large intestine. So, it is not necessary to eat the foods containing vitamin K daily in the diet. The deficiency leads to over bleeding causing anemia, bruising and bleeding of the nose and gums.

Sources of Vitamin K are spinach, kale, collards, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, asparagus, cabbage, okra, cucumber, lettuce, plums, eggs, herbs, dark leafy greens, prunes, butter, beans, soybeans, strawberries etc.

Vitamin K can also be obtained from supplements recommended by a doctor and shouldn’t be consumed in higher doses as it leads to allergic reactions and stomach upset. Anything good can lead to harm if consumed excessively.

Vitamin K deficiency is rare, barring a few exceptions, people who drink excessive alcohol, people who suffer from Crohn’s disease, those who take drugs which react with vitamin K. To these people doctor suggests to take vitamin K supplements in different forms: tablets, capsules or pills. Read the rest of this entry »

Tips To Use Electric System More Efficiently

The use of the electricity is very high and there are no signs of deceasing in the near future. Here are some tips to use the electric heating system in a more efficient way which saves the electric bills:

  • Supplement the main unit with the portable unit, for example, if there is only one person in one room of the home, then instead of using a main unit it is better to use portable unit, in order to save electricity.
  • Set the thermostat in such a way that it runs less frequently and keep the heater down a degree or two.
  • During the winter times let the natural sunlight fall in to the home by opening up the draperies and shades, which ultimately reduces the need of heaters and turn off the heat, unless the temperature outside gets below freezing.
  • Install an automatic timer to keep the thermostat which keeps the temperature at 68 degrees during the day and 55 degrees at night time.
  • Repair all the cracks, holes large or small, in the roof, walls, doors and windows and also seal the places from where the heat might escape.
  • Properly insulate the basement, garage through which heat may escape.
  • Turn off the heating system when not in use, this will save the electrical bills. But don’t do this for short time absences because it consumes much energy to heat the cold water every time.
  • Keep the windows open during the winter times and at the same time see that no toxins are building up.
  • Regular checking and the maintenance of the heating systems will also make the heating systems more efficient.

The above are the tips for saving electricity using electric heaters.

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Know about the Uses of Underwater Lights

An underwater light is a water proof flashy light. It can be an incandescent bulb, fluorescent bulb or LED light. Underwater lights are of different colors and are majorly used for two purposes – decoration and fishing. Let us discuss briefly about these two uses of underwater lights.

Underwater lights in decoration:
Underwater lights are mainly used for decoration of pools, ponds, lakes, etc. during nights. These are a big hit in night parties, especially in weddings and receptions. They are used to beautify a water place, which helps in creating a mesmerizing effect. Some parties have water lakes on the either side of the hall ways, which are fully decorated with underwater lights. These lights increase the glamor of the area. These lights are also used to decorate swimming polls. Wide range of colors creates reflections on the water surface producing wonderful effects.

Underwater lights in fishing:
Underwater lights are also used for the purpose of fishing, as these are used to attract fishes. When these underwater lights are released in to water, they are mistaken for preys by fish and they come near the light. In this way, underwater lights serve the purpose of fishing lights. Among the various fishing lights, green fishing light is very much preferable as it is found to attract high number of fishes. Sometimes underwater light placed on the edges of the docks help in collisions of boats to the docks, hence preventing accidents at nights.

The above are the uses of underwater lights.

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How Does a Barcode Time and Attendance System Work?

Barcode technology can be helpful for maintaining time and attendance systems at organizations. A barcode time and attendance system helps in saving money by reducing labor expenses. The most important advantage of the system is that it increases the efficiency of payroll activities. Let us know about the working of this system.

A barcode time and attendance system mainly includes three steps. They are data collection, data storage, and data management.

Data Collection:
In order to calculate wages of employees, it is necessary first to collect details about the working hours of an employees. Each employee of an organization is provided with a card having barcode number. Linear or 2D barcodes can be used for storing data like employee number, job position, and other professional details. Symbol barcode and others are used by various organizations. A barcode printer with high efficiency is used for this purpose. Zebra printers are one of the types of barcode printers which are used most commonly.

When an employee is entering or leaving the organization, the employee card having barcodes, is scanned by barcode scanners. Thus, specific data of an employee are read. In this way, data of various employees is collected.

Data Storage:
Data collected from the scanning device is stored in a database. Therefore, the barcode scanners are attached to PCs having specific time and attendance software. The data can be stored in a database of company server or a shared file on a specific computer.

Data Management:
This includes the role of a time and attendance software. A specific software is used which helps in managing the data. This software is used to calculate the working hours and payroll wages of employees. Some of the features that the software can include are: analysis of performance of individual employee and team, comparison of employee performance of each department, and others. So it is necessary to choose the best time and attendance software.

In this way, the process of payroll management can be made easy by barcode time and attendance systems.

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Know About Various Types of Nicotine Testing

Various diseases including heart diseases, lung cancer, respiratory diseases, COPD and so on are seen in nicotine users. Therefore it is necessary to conduct nicotine tests on smokers to avoid further addiction. Various types of nicotine tests are conducted by employers, insurance companies, and other organizations. Urine, blood, hair, and saliva tests are conducted for nicotine testing.

Urine Test:
Cotinine test with urine detects the concentration levels of cotinine. Cotinine is a metabolite of nicotine. Urine tests can detect cotinine for four days after consumption. Cotinine is only tested in urine because the half life of other metabolites is lesser when compared to it. The cut off concentration of urine test for nicotine is 200ng/ml.

Blood Test:
Blood test also detects for cotinine. Nicotine cannot stay in bloodstream for longer time. However, its metabolites stay in blood for longer periods. The metabolites through blood tests can be detected for 3 weeks after consumption of nicotine.

Saliva Test:
Saliva is collected from the individual though a swab and checked for presence of nicotine. It is easy to conduct nicotine test by saliva. It is a non-invasive method producing quick and accurate results. Nicotine and cotinine can be checked for 7 to 10 days by saliva test.

Hair Test:
Hair sample taken from face, arms, legs, or head of an individual is tested in hair test. Metabolites of nicotine gets deposited in hair follicles which are detected by this test. Accurate results are provided by hair test as they employ high laboratory processing. So hair tests are more expensive than all other tests.

Any of these methods can be used to check for nicotine or its metabolites.

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Know About the Web-based Claims Management System

A web based Claim Management System automates all the associated processes with claims management, alternative dispute resolution, trial, appeals, settlements, rehabilitation, managed care, license and quality assurance and it also supports the workers compensation software. Transmission may be conducted with modems, which can drop claims without the knowledge of the clearinghouse or provider. In this system software can be integrated at each iteration instead of at the end of the project. Web based Insurance Management System Software solution solves long standing time to market challenges.

Following are the advantages of the the web based claims management system:

  • Web-based claims management systems minimize the number of mistakes that can be made or data that can be lost or corrupted.Lawyer billing software
  • The system also allows for an audit trail, the most advanced web-based claims management systems provide customized reports, to improve the internal processes.
  • By implementing the web based claims management system there can be improvements in revenue and administrative functionality.
  • A customized work flow pattern ensures that applications for settlement, advance payment, or lump sum payment of benefits are accurately received and processed.
  • The Workers compensation software consists of internal customized data tables for the licensing of self-insured employers, workers compensation insurance carriers, and rehabilitation providers.
  • Web base insurance claim software covers all the types of insurances and the provider can check the status of the insurance claim.

Once an organization takes the decision to use a web-based claims management system, it is important to find if claims management system meets the needs of the organization to achieve the goals. There are many software providing companies in the market who can offer a claims management system customized according to the needs of the organization.

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Necessity of Pre-employment Drug Testing

Drug testing in the workplace is becoming a necessary requirement for most of the companies. Employee background checks are conducted by various companies while hiring new employees. Pre-employment drug testing is conducted on job applicants to avoid problems caused by drug abusers at workplaces. It also helps in increasing productivity and profitability of companies. Let us know why a pre-employment drug testing is necessary for employers.

Necessity of Pre-employment Drug Testing:

  • It is necessary for employers to ensure safety at workplace environment. Any workplace injuries, accidents and crimes can be avoided by pre-employment drug screening.
  • Lot of money is being spent by companies for health insurance and workers’ compensation costs due to drug abuse at workplace. In order to avoid these problems, it is better to avoid hiring such employees. So pre-employment drug testing is performed to enhance effective hiring decision making.
  • Loss of productivity, decreased quality of work, unprofessional behavior, and corrupt workplace environment are some of the problems caused by drug abused employees. In order to avoid these issues, it is essential for employers to conduct pre-employment drug testing.
  • Certain disciplinary actions are taken against current drug addicted employees. Sometimes they are terminated from employment. They have to be replaced by hiring new employees. This would waste a lot of time and money. So it is better to conduct drug testing before hiring a new employee.

The testing is conducted by various methods including urine drug testing, hair drug testing, and saliva drug testing. Most commonly urine drug testing is implemented by many companies. Many multi-panel drug test kits are available which can detect multiple drugs at a time. Pre-employment drug testing results in increased productivity, quality of work, and profits for organization.

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How Long Does Marijuana Stay in Human Body?

Marijuana has many harmful effects in humans. The active compound of marijuana, THC is passed throughout the body through blood. THC is absorbed by the tissues and organs of the body. When compared to the blood, the concentration of THC is more in milk of nursing mothers. The component however is primarily found in fat tissues. In order to destroy the harmful chemical component, the body, through some chemical and physical processes, converts it into metabolites. As THC is a fat soluble compound, it takes more time to excrete it from the body. These THC metabolites are sent out through urine. So when urine tests are conducted on marijuana consumed people, the metabolites of THC are detected for about one week after the consumption. When radioactive tests are used for the drug consumption, THC can be detected for one month. After the test, 40 percent of the radioactive labeled THC stays in the body for three days and about 30 percent of it remains till one week. The presence of the drug in the body is based on the metabolism rate of a person. It was revealed that in people having 8%-12% of body fat the excretion of the toxic metabolites is faster and so THC metabolites are lost faster than others.

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