Materials science or materials engineering is an interdisciplinary area involving the properties of issue and its applications to respective areas of science and technology. This science investigates the relationship between the system of materials and their properties. It includes elements of applied physics and chemistry, as easily as chemical, automatic, civilian and electric technology. With substantial media care to nanoscience and nanotechnology in new years, materials science has been propelled to the vanguard at many universities. It is too a significant region of forensic technology and forensic materials engineering, the survey of failed products and components. Bachelor of Science (BS) level in Mechanical Engineering is offered at many universities in the United States, and related programs are offered at universities in most industrialized nations.
In Canada, India, Japan, Pakistan, South Korea, South Africa, Taiwan, U.S., and many others, Mechanical Engineering programs usually take 4 to 5 years and result in a Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering (BSc)or a Bachelor of Technology (BTech), Bachelor in Engineering (B.E), or a Bachelor of Applied Science (B.A.Sc.). In Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Hungary and many other central and east European countries (Romania, Serbia, Croatia, etc) the (BSc) and (BTech) are available as an intermediate (or final) 4 years degree, however the 5-6 years “Diplomas”;(Dipl), (Dipl-Ing), (Dipl-Tech); are still the most relevant degrees. Some countries like Malaysia, Singapore, and Nigeria offer a 4 or 5 year Bachelor of Science (BSc) / Bachelor of Engineering (BEng) degree with Honors (Hons) in Mechanical Engineering. In Spain, Portugal and most South America (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Mexico, Venezuela, among others) the (BSc) or (BTech) programs have not been adopted, the formal name for the degree is just “Mechanical Engineer” and the course work is based on a 5-6 years training. In Australia and New Zealand, necessities are normally a 4 years Bachelor of Engineering (BE or BEng) degree, equivalent to the British MEng level. A BEng degree varies from a BSc degree in that the students obtain a broader education consisting of information relevant to various engineering disciplines.
The majority undergraduate Mechanical Engineering programs in the U.S. are attributed by the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET) to make sure similar course requirements and standards between universities. The ABET web site lists 276 qualified Mechanical Engineering programs as of June 19, 2006. Mechanical Engineering programs in Canada are accredited by the Canadian Engineering Accreditation Board (CEAB).Some Mechanical Engineers go on to pursue a postgraduate degree such as a Master of Engineering, Master of Science, Master of Engineering Management (MEng.Mgt, MEM), a Doctor of Philosophy in Engineering (EngD, PhD) or an Engineer’s degree. The Master’s and Engineer’s degrees may consist of either research, coursework or a mixture of the two. The Doctor of Philosophy consists of an essential research component and is often viewed as the entry point to university.
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